THE HINDU EDITORIAL : JANUARY 23, 2018
THE HINDU EDITORIAL : JANUARY 23, 2018
a) Two States — on CPI (M)’s draft resolution
By adopting a draft resolution against any electoral alliance or understanding with the Congress, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) privileged a long-term political/ideological view over compelling short-term electoral calculations. The CC voted 55-31 for the resolution, backed by former general secretary Prakash Karat but opposed by current general secretary Sitaram Yechury. Those opposed to the resolution and in favour of an understanding with the Congress may well believe that there is no success in the long term without survival in the short term. In West Bengal, they would argue, the CPI(M) needs the Congress more than the Congress needs the CPI(M). However, despite the resolution finding Mr. Karat and Mr. Yechury on opposite sides, this was essentially a difference over tactics. It was not so much the result of any ideological confusion about goals as it was of practical differences on how to achieve them. Crucial to the differences over the tactical line are the political complexities in two States where the CPI(M) is strong, Kerala and West Bengal. As the Congress remains the CPI(M)’s principal rival in Kerala, the State unit is opposed to any understanding with it in an environment where the BJP is not a contender. In Bengal, where the Trinamool Congress is the main rival and where the BJP is gathering strength through communal mobilisation, the CPI(M) unit views the Congress less as a foe. In the 2016 Assembly election, large sections of the Bengal unit successfully pushed for an alliance with the Congress. Although the CPI(M) fared worse than in 2011, it is difficult to determine whether the alliance won the Left Front more seats than it might otherwise have got. Those supporting a broad-based understanding with the Congress will hope that the decision is reversed at the Party Congress, a body with a larger and more diverse composition. But such an outcome could actually sharpen divisions within the CPI(M), given the overwhelming support the draft resolution received in both the CC and the Polit Bureau. The West Bengal election is a whole three years away and there will be opportunities for the party to review political tactics in accordance with the political situation, in the event it chooses to. There has been a lot said about what the CPI(M)’s decision means for opposition unity in the 2019 general election, but the fact is that Kerala can be won only by a Congress-led or a CPI(M)-led front and it is not clear what impact a Congress-CPI(M) electoral understanding will have in West Bengal. At the same time, the party is not constrained, post election, by the resolution in engaging with an opposition grouping if the situation so demands.
b) Locked down — on U.S. shutdown
Last week, the 19th federal government shutdown in U.S. history went into force. If previous occasions are any indication, this shutdown will also lead to the furlough of many hundreds of thousands of government workers, closure of national parks with a potential loss of hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue, and a possible overall macroeconomic cost of several billions of dollars in terms of productivity loss associated with the cessation of multiple public services. This encore is entirely preventable and the seismic payment default can be traced back to one inescapable reality in Washington: congressional dysfunction stemming from bitterly partisan politicking. A federal shutdown occurs when lawmakers fail to agree on a spending bill, and cannot even sign off on a stopgap funding measure that might keep the government machinery humming for a few more months. In this case, the bill in question would have helped tide over a looming fiscal gap at least until the middle of February. Yet that did not happen, because Republicans refused to compromise on a hardline approach on immigration policy, specifically on Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), the Obama-era clemency policy for foreign-born children of U.S.-based undocumented workers. That policy was ended in September 2017 when President Donald Trump revoked his predecessor’s executive order to protect these children, the so-called DREAMers, from deportation. This apparently rattled Democratic lawmakers to the point where they were willing to make a stopgap budget deal, contingent on Congress agreeing to legislation to shield nearly 700,000 of these law-abiding youngsters from removal. With dark clouds on Capitol Hill overshadowing the first anniversary of Mr. Trump’s presidency, he has reiterated his call for strong border security and a crackdown on “illegal immigrants”. Interestingly, a recent CNN poll suggested 84% of Americans want DACA extended. But a government shutdown is likely to cut both ways, hurting the prospects of those on both sides of the aisle seeking re-election in the November 2018 mid-term election. Voters may well consider Democrats to be obstructionist, or as putting undocumented workers ahead of national security. And Republicans may lose votes for failing to keep the government working despite controlling the Senate, House of Representatives and the White House. Regardless of whom wins in that election, the debate on immigration reform will continue. Too much is at stake for not only the nearly 11.3 million undocumented workers but also the nearly 1.5 million temporary foreign workers, among whom are 500,000 to 700,000 H-1B visa holders, the majority of them from India. For, when Congress finally transcends its partisan biases and legislates a comprehensive immigration reform package, it will likely introduce a revised policy for each of the visa categories.
Meaning: Not able to be refuted; inspiring conviction.
Example: “there is compelling evidence that the recession is ending”
Synonyms: Forceful, Powerful
Meaning: An action or strategy carefully planned to achieve a specific end.
Example: “the minority attempted to control the Council by a delaying tactic”
Synonyms: Strategy, Scheme
Meaning: Based on or relating to a system of ideas and ideals, especially concerning economic or political theory and policy.
Example: “the ideological struggle that underpinned the cold war”
Meaning: The state or quality of being intricate or complicated.
Example: “an issue of great complexity”
Synonyms: Complication, Problem
Meaning: A person or thing competing with another for the same objective or for superiority in the same field of activity.
Example: “he has no serious rival for the job”
Synonyms: Competitor, Opponent
Antonyms: Partner, Ally
Meaning: A person or group competing with others to achieve something.
Example: “a presidential contender”
Meaning: The action of organizing and encouraging a group of people to take collective action in pursuit of a particular objective.
Example: “mobilization of the working class against big business”
Meaning: Showing a great deal of variety; very different.
Example: “a culturally diverse population”
Synonyms: Various, Manifold
Antonyms: Similar, Uniform
Meaning: Very great in amount.
Example: “his party won overwhelming support”
Synonyms: Profuse, Immense
Meaning: In a manner conforming with.
Example: “the ballot was held in accordance with trade union rules”
Meaning: Compel or force (someone) to follow a particular course of action.
Example: “children are constrained to work in the way the book dictates”
Synonyms: Compel, Coerce
Meaning: Participate or become involved in.
Example: “organizations engage in a variety of activities”
Synonyms: Undertake, Involve
Meaning: A closure of a factory or system, typically a temporary closure due to a fault or for maintenance.
Example: “engines should be allowed to cool down between a shutdown and the next start”
Synonyms: Closure, Close
Meaning: A sign or piece of information that indicates something.
Example: “the visit was an indication of the improvement in relations between the countries”
Synonyms: Sign, Mark
Meaning: Leave of absence, especially that granted to a member of the services or a missionary.
Example: “a civil servant home on furlough”
Meaning: Relating to the branch of economics concerned with large-scale or general economic factors, such as interest rates and national productivity.
Example: “macroeconomic policies”
Meaning: The fact or process of ending or being brought to an end.
Example: “the cessation of hostilities”
Synonyms: End, Termination
Antonyms: Start, Resumption
Meaning: A repeated or additional performance of an item at the end of a concert, as called for by an audience.
Example: “everybody got up on stage for the final encore”
Synonyms: Curtain, Repetition
Meaning: Of enormous proportions or effect.
Example: “there are seismic pressures threatening American society”
Meaning: Disruption of normal social relations.
Example: “inner-city dysfunction”
Meaning: Originate in or be caused by.
Example: “many of the universities’ problems stem from rapid expansion”
Synonyms: Derive from
Meaning: In an angry, hurt, or resentful way.
Example: “passengers complained bitterly about grand promises made by the company”
Meaning: Engage in political activity.
Example: “the cumbersome bureaucracy and politicking of the European Community”
24) Sign off
Meaning: Conclude a letter, broadcast, or other message.
Example: “he signed off with a few words of advice”
Meaning: A temporary way of dealing with a problem or satisfying a need.
Example: “transplants are only a stopgap until more sophisticated alternatives can work”
Synonyms: Expedient, Makeshift
Meaning: Be in a state of great activity.
Example: “the house was humming with preparations for the dance”
Synonyms: Vibrate, Bustle
Meaning: (of an event regarded as threatening) seem about to happen.
Example: “there is a crisis looming”
Synonyms: Threaten, Menace
Meaning: Uncompromising; strict.
Example: “a hard-line party activist”
Synonyms: Uncompromising, Extreme
Meaning: Mercy; lenience.
Example: “an appeal for clemency”
Synonyms: Mercy, Mildness
Antonyms: Strictness, Ruthlessness
Meaning: Not having the appropriate legal document or license.
Example: “undocumented immigrants”
Meaning: Officially cancel (a decree, decision, or promise).
Example: “the men appealed and the sentence was revoked”
Synonyms: Cancel, Repeal
Antonyms: Introduce, Enact
Meaning: Make (someone) nervous, worried, or irritated.
Example: “she turned quickly, rattled by his presence”
Synonyms: Disconcert, Disturb
Meaning: Obedient to the laws of society.
Example: “a law-abiding citizen”
Synonyms: Well behaved, Lawful
Antonyms: Lawless, Criminal
Meaning: Be more impressive or successful than (another person).
Example: “he was always overshadowed by his brilliant elder brother”
Synonyms: Outshine, Surpass
Meaning: Say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.
Example: “she reiterated that the government would remain steadfast in its support”
Synonyms: Repeat, Restate
Meaning: A series of severe measures to restrict undesirable or illegal people or behaviour.
Example: “a crackdown on car crime”
Synonyms: Clampdown, Elimination
Meaning: Chances or opportunities for success or wealth.
Example: “the poor prospects for the steel industry”
Synonyms: Possibility, Catch
38) Obstructionist (derived word-Obstructionism)
Meaning: The act of intentionally stopping or slowing down an official process.
Synonyms: Unhelpful, Uncooperative
Meaning: Surpass (a person or achievement).
Example: “he doubts that he will ever transcend Shakespeare”
Synonyms: Surpass, Exceed
Meaning: Of large content or scope; wide-ranging.
Example: “a comprehensive collection of photographs”
Synonyms: Inclusive, Complete
Antonyms: Partial, Selective
Other Important THE HINDU EDITORIALS for the month of December , 2017 :
Other Important THE HINDU EDITORIALS for the month of January , 2018 :