## Sequential Output Tracing – Practice set 11

D.1-5) A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of an input and its rearrangement:

Input: all 25 next call English 35 long over 42 jug under 39

Step I: call next English 35 long over 42 jug under 39 all 25

Step II: call jug next long over 42 under 39 all 25 English 35

Step III: call jug long next under 39 all 25 English 35 over 42

Step IV: call jug long next all 25 English 35 over 42 under 39

And step IV is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above

step, find out the approximate step for the given input.

Input: power turn copper every 22 order 34 flower kite inter 29 aptitude 41 hope

1. How many elements are there between ‘34’ and ‘inter’ in Step III?

a) One

b) Three

c) Five

d) None

e) None of these

c) Five

C

Explanation

c

Input: Power turn copper every 22 order 34 flower kite inter 29 aptitude 41 hope

Step I: Copper power turn every 22 order 34 flower kite inter 29 hope aptitude 41

Step II: Copper flower power turn order 34 kite inter 29 hope aptitude 41 every 22

Step III: Copper flower hope power turn order 34 kite aptitude 41 every 22 inter 29

Step IV: Copper flower hope kite power turn aptitude 41 every 22 inter 29 order 34

2. Which of the following words/numbers would be at the eighth position from the right

end in the last step?

a) 32

b) order

c) 41

d) aptitude

e) None of these

d) aptitude

D

Explanation

d

Input: Power turn copper every 22 order 34 flower kite inter 29 aptitude 41 hope

Step I: Copper power turn every 22 order 34 flower kite inter 29 hope aptitude 41

Step II: Copper flower power turn order 34 kite inter 29 hope aptitude 41 every 22

Step III: Copper flower hope power turn order 34 kite aptitude 41 every 22 inter 29

Step IV: Copper flower hope kite power turn aptitude 41 every 22 inter 29 order 34

3. How many steps will be required to complete the arrangement of the above input?

a) Five

b) Six

c) Four

d) Seven

e) None of these

c) Four

C

Explanation

c

Input: Power turn copper every 22 order 34 flower kite inter 29 aptitude 41 hope

Step I: Copper power turn every 22 order 34 flower kite inter 29 hope aptitude 41

Step II: Copper flower power turn order 34 kite inter 29 hope aptitude 41 every 22

Step III: Copper flower hope power turn order 34 kite aptitude 41 every 22 inter 29

Step IV: Copper flower hope kite power turn aptitude 41 every 22 inter 29 order 34

4. Which step would be the following output?

Copper flower hope power turn order 34 kite aptitude 41 every 22 inter 29’

a) II

b) III

c) V

d) There is no such step

e) None of these

b) III

B

Explanation

b

Input: Power turn copper every 22 order 34 flower kite inter 29 aptitude 41 hope

Step I: Copper power turn every 22 order 34 flower kite inter 29 hope aptitude 41

Step II: Copper flower power turn order 34 kite inter 29 hope aptitude 41 every 22

Step III: Copper flower hope power turn order 34 kite aptitude 41 every 22 inter 29

Step IV: Copper flower hope kite power turn aptitude 41 every 22 inter 29 order 34

5. What is the position of ‘order’ in Step II?

a) Fifth from the left

b) Sixth from the left

c) Eighth from the right

d) Ninth from the right

e) None of these

a) Fifth from the left

A

Explanation

a

Input: Power turn copper every 22 order 34 flower kite inter 29 aptitude 41 hope

Step I: Copper power turn every 22 order 34 flower kite inter 29 hope aptitude 41

Step II: Copper flower power turn order 34 kite inter 29 hope aptitude 41 every 22

Step III: Copper flower hope power turn order 34 kite aptitude 41 every 22 inter 29

Step IV: Copper flower hope kite power turn aptitude 41 every 22 inter 29 order 34

D.6-10) Study the given information carefully and answer the given questions:

When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of an input and rearrangement.

Input:life in 5929 2401 the 14641 4096 make 20736 there

Step I: there life in 5929 2401 the 14641 4096 make 20736

Step II: there 20736 life in 5929 2401 the 14641 4096 make

Step III: there 20736 the life in 5929 2401 14641 4096 make

Step IV: there 20736 the 14641 life in 5929 2401 4096 make

Step V: there 20736 the 14641 make life in 5929 2401 4096

Step VI: there 20736 the 14641 make 5929 life in 2401 4096

Step VII: there 20736 the 14641 make 5929 life 4096 in 2401

Step VIII: there 144 the 121 make 77 life 64 in 49

Step IX: there 9 the 4 make 14 life 10 in 13

Step X: there the make life in 14 13 10 9 4

And Step X is the last step of the above arrangement as the intended arrangement is obtained.

As per the rules followed in the given steps, find out the appropriate steps for the given input.

Input: captain 6561 court familiar79218464lose happen 23044624 violence

6. What is the position of ‘7921’ in step II of the input from the left end?

a) Fifth

b) Sixth

c) Eighth

d) Third

e) None of the above

e) None of the above

E

Explanation

e

The machine rearranges words and numbers in alternate steps starting with words. The words are arranged in reverse alphabetical order while numbers are arranged in descending order. After that, the square roots of the numbers retain the same position. Then, the sums of digits of the numbers are written in the next step. Now, in the final step all the numbers are arranged in descending order after all the words.

Input: captain 6561 court familiar 7921 8464 lose happen 2304 4624 violence

Step I: violence captain 6561 court familiar 7921 8464 lose happen 2304 4624

Step II: violence 8464 captain 6561 court familiar 7921 lose happen 2304 4624

Step III: violence 8464losecaptain 6561 court familiar 7921 happen 2304 4624

Step IV: violence 8464lose7921 captain 6561 court familiar happen 2304 4624

Step V: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen captain 6561 court familiar 2304 4624

Step VI: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 captain court familiar 2304 4624

Step VII: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar captain court 2304 4624

Step VIII:violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 captain court 2304

Step IX: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 court captain 2304

Step X: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 court 2304 captain

Step XI: violence 92 lose 89 happen 81 familiar 68 court 48 captain

Step XII: violence 11 lose 17 happen 9 familiar 14 court 12 captain

Step XIII: violence lose happen familiar court captain 17 14 12 11 9

7. If ‘violence’ is related to ‘89’, ‘happen’ is related to ‘68’ then in the same pattern ‘lose’ is related to which of the following in the third-last step?

a) 47

b) 68

c) 92

d) 81

e) None of the above

d) 81

D

Explanation

d

The machine rearranges words and numbers in alternate steps starting with words. The words are arranged in reverse alphabetical order while numbers are arranged in descending order. After that, the square roots of the numbers retain the same position. Then, the sums of digits of the numbers are written in the next step. Now, in the final step all the numbers are arranged in descending order after all the words.

Input: captain 6561 court familiar 7921 8464 lose happen 2304 4624 violence

Step I: violence captain 6561 court familiar 7921 8464 lose happen 2304 4624

Step II: violence 8464 captain 6561 court familiar 7921 lose happen 2304 4624

Step III: violence 8464losecaptain 6561 court familiar 7921 happen 2304 4624

Step IV: violence 8464lose7921 captain 6561 court familiar happen 2304 4624

Step V: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen captain 6561 court familiar 2304 4624

Step VI: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 captain court familiar 2304 4624

Step VII: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar captain court 2304 4624

Step VIII:violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 captain court 2304

Step IX: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 court captain 2304

Step X: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 court 2304 captain

Step XI: violence 92 lose 89 happen 81 familiar 68 court 48 captain

Step XII: violence 11 lose 17 happen 9 familiar 14 court 12 captain

Step XIII: violence lose happen familiar court captain 17 14 12 11 9

8. Which of the following in Step IV will be fourth to the right of ‘violence’?

a) lose

b) happen

c) 6561

d) court

e) captain

e) captain

E

Explanation

e

The machine rearranges words and numbers in alternate steps starting with words. The words are arranged in reverse alphabetical order while numbers are arranged in descending order. After that, the square roots of the numbers retain the same position. Then, the sums of digits of the numbers are written in the next step. Now, in the final step all the numbers are arranged in descending order after all the words.

Input: captain 6561 court familiar 7921 8464 lose happen 2304 4624 violence

Step I: violence captain 6561 court familiar 7921 8464 lose happen 2304 4624

Step II: violence 8464 captain 6561 court familiar 7921 lose happen 2304 4624

Step III: violence 8464losecaptain 6561 court familiar 7921 happen 2304 4624

Step IV: violence 8464lose7921 captain 6561 court familiar happen 2304 4624

Step V: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen captain 6561 court familiar 2304 4624

Step VI: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 captain court familiar 2304 4624

Step VII: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar captain court 2304 4624

Step VIII:violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 captain court 2304

Step IX: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 court captain 2304

Step X: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 court 2304 captain

Step XI: violence 92 lose 89 happen 81 familiar 68 court 48 captain

Step XII: violence 11 lose 17 happen 9 familiar 14 court 12 captain

Step XIII: violence lose happen familiar court captain 17 14 12 11 9

9. Which of the following is fifth from the right end in Step VIII?

a) 9561

b) familiar

c) happen

d) None of the above

e) 7921

b) familiar

B

Explanation

b

The machine rearranges words and numbers in alternate steps starting with words. The words are arranged in reverse alphabetical order while numbers are arranged in descending order. After that, the square roots of the numbers retain the same position. Then, the sums of digits of the numbers are written in the next step. Now, in the final step all the numbers are arranged in descending order after all the words.

Input: captain 6561 court familiar 7921 8464 lose happen 2304 4624 violence

Step I: violence captain 6561 court familiar 7921 8464 lose happen 2304 4624

Step II: violence 8464 captain 6561 court familiar 7921 lose happen 2304 4624

Step III: violence 8464losecaptain 6561 court familiar 7921 happen 2304 4624

Step IV: violence 8464lose7921 captain 6561 court familiar happen 2304 4624

Step V: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen captain 6561 court familiar 2304 4624

Step VI: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 captain court familiar 2304 4624

Step VII: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar captain court 2304 4624

Step VIII:violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 captain court 2304

Step IX: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 court captain 2304

Step X: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 court 2304 captain

Step XI: violence 92 lose 89 happen 81 familiar 68 court 48 captain

Step XII: violence 11 lose 17 happen 9 familiar 14 court 12 captain

Step XIII: violence lose happen familiar court captain 17 14 12 11 9

10. How many steps are required to complete this input?

a) Eleven

b) Eight

c) Nine

d) Thirteen

e) Ten

d) Thirteen

D

Explanation

d

The machine rearranges words and numbers in alternate steps starting with words. The words are arranged in reverse alphabetical order while numbers are arranged in descending order. After that, the square roots of the numbers retain the same position. Then, the sums of digits of the numbers are written in the next step. Now, in the final step all the numbers are arranged in descending order after all the words.

Input: captain 6561 court familiar 7921 8464 lose happen 2304 4624 violence

Step I: violence captain 6561 court familiar 7921 8464 lose happen 2304 4624

Step II: violence 8464 captain 6561 court familiar 7921 lose happen 2304 4624

Step III: violence 8464losecaptain 6561 court familiar 7921 happen 2304 4624

Step IV: violence 8464lose7921 captain 6561 court familiar happen 2304 4624

Step V: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen captain 6561 court familiar 2304 4624

Step VI: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 captain court familiar 2304 4624

Step VII: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar captain court 2304 4624

Step VIII:violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 captain court 2304

Step IX: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 court captain 2304

Step X: violence 8464 lose 7921 happen 6561 familiar 4624 court 2304 captain

Step XI: violence 92 lose 89 happen 81 familiar 68 court 48 captain

Step XII: violence 11 lose 17 happen 9 familiar 14 court 12 captain

Step XIII: violence lose happen familiar court captain 17 14 12 11 9