Meaning: based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic

Synonym: observed, seen, factual, actual,

Antonym: theoretical

Sentence: “they provided considerable empirical evidence to support their argument”


Meaning: an object, typically an inscribed ring or stone, that is thought to have magic powers and to bring good luck.

Synonym: lucky charm, charm, fetish, amulet, mascot

Sentence: “those rings, so fresh and gleaming, were their talismans“:


Meaning: (of a person) reserved or uncommunicative in speech; saying little.

Synonym: untalkative, uncommunicative, reticent, unforthcoming

Antonym: talkative, loquacious

Sentence: “after such gatherings, she would be taciturn and morose”


Meaning: equivalent in seriousness to; virtually the same as.

Synonym: equivalent to, synonymous with

Antonym: different, opposite

Sentence: “the resignations were tantamount to an admission of guilt”


Meaning: instill (an idea, attitude, or habit) by persistent instruction.

Synonym: infuse, impress, imprint, introduce

Antonym: eliminate, remove, take away

Sentence: “I tried to inculcate in my pupils an attitude of inquiry”


Meaning: Making or spreading scandalous claims about someone with the intention of damaging their reputation.

Synonym: abusive, vituperative, derogatory, disparaging

Antonym: clean, decent, moral

Sentence: “a scurrilous attack on his integrity”


Meaning: regular payment made to a fund by an employee towards a future pension.

Synonym: allowance, annuity, grant, payment, premium

Sentence: “had he agreed to resign, he would have been entitled to his superannuation for 29 years’ service”


Meaning: (of an argument or statement) seeming reasonable or probable.

Synonym: credible, reasonable, believable, likely, 

Antonym: unlikely, improbable

Sentence: “a plausible explanation”


Meaning: criticize unfairly; disparage.

Synonym: disparage, belittle, diminish, deprecate,

Antonym: extol

Sentence: “doom and gloom merchants who denigrate their own country”


Meaning: an agreement., agree by lease, deed, or other legal contract.

Synonym: accord, deal, bargain, settlement

Antonym: disagreement, denial, misunderstanding, refusal

Sentence: “there was a covenant between them that her name was never to be mentioned”