Meaning: to make (something) no longer necessary: to prevent or avoid (something)

Synonym: avert, forestall, prevent, preclude,

Antonym: cultivate, encourage, forward, foster, further, nurture, promote

Sentence: The new medical treatment obviates the need for surgery.


Meaning: deserving blame; guilty of doing something wrong

Synonym: censurable, blameworthy, reprehensible,

Antonym: flawless, perfect, pure; guiltless, innocent

Sentence: They held her culpable for the accident.


Meaning- starting, stopping, and starting again: not constant or steady

Synonym-continual, on-and-off, periodic

Antonym – eternal, everlasting, interminable, perpetual

Sentence-The patient was having intermittent pains in his side.


Meaning- a person who leaves one group, religion, etc., and joins another that opposes it

Synonym-apostate, defector, deserter,

Antonym -disciple, follower, supporter

Sentence-They were renegades who thought they had permission to steal from the rich …” 


Meaning-a soldier who is paid by a foreign country to fight in its army: a soldier who will fight for any group or country that hires him

Synonym-acquisitive, avaricious, avid, coveting,

Antonym -nonmaterialistic; altruistic,

Sentence-His motives in choosing a career were purely mercenary.


Meaning- not very good

Synonym-common, fair, indifferent, medium,

Antonym – excellent, exceptional, exquisite, fabulous, fantastic, 

Sentence-The dinner was delicious, but the dessert was mediocre.

7.Exasperation (noun)

Meaning: The state of being irritated

Synonym: irritation, frustration

Antonym: delight, joy, pleasure

Sentence: The longer Jorge waited in line at the ticket counter, the more his exasperation grew.

8.Absolve (verb)

Meaning:To forgive; to free from guilt

Synonym: exculpate, pardon

Antonym: charge, impeach, indict; convict

Sentence: Marta felt greatly relieved after her mother absolved her for breaking the vase.

9.Epitaph (noun)

Meaning: Brief statement honouring a dead person

Synonym: inscription, eulogy

Sentence:”Beloved by all,” was the epitaph Edgar chose for his wife’s tombstone.


Meaning: a person who does not like other people

Synonym: cynic, naysayer, pessimist

Antonym: idealist, sentimentalist, optimist,Sentence: a former misanthrope who now professes a newly discovered love of mankind