Vocab Master Day – 28


Meaning: lacking restraint in spending money or using resources.

Synonym: spendthrift, profligate, unthrifty

Antonym: cheap, thrifty

Sentence: “it was rather extravagant to buy both”


Meaning: relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite.

Synonym: relevant, to the point

Antonym: irrelevant, inappropriate

Sentence:”she asked me a lot of very pertinent questions”


Meaning: (especially of food, money, or some other resource) insufficient for the demand.

Synonym: scanty, meagre, sparse

Antonym: plentiful, abundant

Sentence: “as raw materials became scarce, synthetics were developed”


Meaning: take (a position of power or importance) illegally or by force.

Synonym: seize, take over, expropriate,

Antonym: release, relinquish

Sentence: “Richard usurped the throne”


Meaning: eager or quick to argue, quarrel, or fight.

Synonym: combative, aggressive, antagonistic,

Antonym: peaceable, friendly

Sentence: “the increasingly pugnacious demeanour of right-wing politicians”


Meaning: not harmful or offensive.

Synonym: harmless, safe, non-dangerous,

Antonym: harmful, obnoxious

Sentence: “it was an innocuous question”


Meaning: impossible to stop or prevent.

Synonym: relentless, unstoppable, unavoidable

Antonym: flexible, lenient

Sentence: “the seemingly inexorable march of new technology”


Meaning: make (someone) drunk; intoxicate.

Synonym: besotted, drunk, intoxicated,

Antonym: sober, straight

Sentence: “I got mildly inebriated

9. Slander

Meaning: the action or crime of making a false spoken statement

damaging to a person’s reputation.

Synonym: besmirch, tarnish, taint, misrepresent

Sentence: “he is suing the TV company for slander

10. Perfunctory

Meaning: (of an action) carried out without real interest, feeling,

or effort.

Synonym: cursory, desultory

Antonym: careful, thorough

Sentence: “he gave a perfunctory nod”