Golden rules for Spotting Errors – Part 4 prepared by SBI PO Focus Team
Golden rules for Spotting Errors – Part 4 prepared by SBI PO Focus Team
Topics Covered in this Article – Troublesome Prepositions
Prepositions are a part of speech used to show the relation of a noun or noun equivalent (the object of the preposition) to some other word in the sentence.
Rule 42 All, of
Do not use of after all. Unless the next word is a pronoun.
All the men belong to the Rotary Club.
All of us belong to the Rotary Club.
All of us boys belong to the Lake View Hostel.
Rule 43 Among, between
Among always implies more than two; between literally implies two. Between, however, is now often used for three or more items, when each is regarded individually.
The teachers distributed the pens among the students. (more than two)
Distribute these clothes among the workers. (more than two)
The commission is divided evenly between the two partners. (only two persons)
What is the difference between a thief and a robber? (only two attributes)
However, between may be used for more than two persons or things in order to bring each person or thing into the relation expressed.
The difference between the three girls was so slight that might have been triplets.
While packing glass tumblers, be sure to place paper between them.
The three children had but Rs 10 between them.
Rule 44 At, in
Both at and in are used in reference to place. Mostly in is used for larger places and at for smaller places.
He lives at Gill Chowk in Moradabad.
She lives in Ghaziabad and works at Ingriham Institute.
Rule 45 In, into, in to
In implies the position within and into implies motion without to within. In to is a two word phrase in which in is an adverb.
The correspondence is in the file.
He walked into my office.
Mr. Sharma came in to see me.
Rule 46 Beside, besides
Besides means in addition to; beside means by the side of.
Besides we need your support in this venture.
Besides being fined, he was also jailed.
I sat beside my teacher in the class.
I live beside the Post Office.
Rule 47 On, upon, up on
Both on and upon are interchangeable, although upon is a little more formal and emphatic. In the two word phrase up on, on is an adverb.
Please place the book on the table.
His statements were based upon the scientific data.
It will be necessary to step up on the school.
Rule 48 Some words like senior, junior, prior, superior, inferior, preferable etc. are followed by to and not than.
He is senior to me in service.
Health is more preferable to wealth.
This cloth is inferior to that cloth.
Rule 49 Certain words are used in gerund (first form of a verb followed by-ing) along with prepositions.
For example abstain, confident, fond, insist, keen, persist, prohibit, refrain, succeed etc.
I prohibited him from parking his car near the entrance. (not to park)
She is confident of speaking English within six months. (not to speak)
I abstain from drinking on Tuesday. (not to drink)
He worked hard and succeeded in securing good marks. (not to secure)
Rule 50 Certain words are used in gerund without z preposition if followed by the first of a verb. For example, avoid, enjoy, help, dislike, help, stop, remember, etc.
He enjoys playing cards (not to play)
Stop writing as the time is over. (not to stop)
I dislike playing with Rajan. (not to play)
Many people avoid drinking before their superiors. (not to drink)
Rule 51 Certain words are followed by different prepositions in different contexts. For example:
I agree with Mr Saxena.
I agree to your proposal.
In the above example, the word agree is used with two different prepositions, with and to. Agree with is used for agreement with a person, whereas agree to is used for agreement to a plan, or proposal.
To change the preposition is to convey a different meaning from the one that the speaker intended or to convey no meaning at all. A partial list of such words with their appropriate
prepositions in different contexts is given below:
Accompanied With Anything having no life Accompanied By Anything having life Agree With A person Agree To A proposal or plan Agree Upon A point Agree On A course Adapted To A thing Adapted For A course, because of one’s nature Adapted From An author Angry At A thing Angry With A person Apply For A position or for something Apply To A person Compare With To bring out similar qualities Compare To Without analyzing Confer On Meaning to give to Confer With Meaning to talk to Correspond To A thing, denoting similarity Correspond With Meaning to write to Confide In Meaning to put faith in Confide To Meaning to commit to
Dependent On A person Employed At A certain place or salary Employed For A purpose Employed In An organization Employed By A certain person Liable For Debts Liable To Authority Proceed To A place Proceed With A matter begun Wait At A place Wait For A person Wait On A customer
Important Words Followed by Suitable Prepositions
For selection of the preposition to be used with different words. carefully study the following list of important words and the suitable prepositions to be used with them. This list will help you solve questions regarding
- filling in the correct preposition in the blanks.
- detection of wrong prepositions used in sentences given in, ‘Spotting Errors’.
- sentence completion questions.
Note: Prepositions are italicised
abstain from food abide by a statement
abound with living things
accede to a request accept of a favour
arbitrate between two parties annoyed at a thing
annoyed with a person account for a fact accuse of a crime acquit of blame
acquiesce in decision adapt to circumstances adhere to a plan
agree to a proposal agree with a person aim at a thing
alight from a carriage answer to a person answer for conduct
appeal to a person for a thing
appeal against an order
approve of an action ascribe to a cause ask for a thing
ask from a person
aspire after worldly greatness
assent to a proposal assure a person of safety
avail oneself of a chance
admit to or into a secret
bear with a person
begin with the fact
believe in one’s truthfulness
belong to a person bent on going
bequeath a thing to a person
beset with danger
bestow a thing on or upon a person betray to the enemy
betray into his hands
beware of some danger blame of an offence
blame a person for something blind to the danger
blush at the sight
blush for one’s conduct
boast of one’s skill
borrow of or from a person
bring a thing to light bring a thing under notice
brood over past things burden someone with a load burst into rage
buy a thing from a shop
charge a person with
cheat a person of his due coincide with something else combat with difficulties
commit to memory
committed against the law common to man and woman comply with a request
compare something nith another compensate a person for his loss call upon or on a person
call at the office
call for punishment
catch at an opportunity
caution a person against
cease from quarrel(l)ing
compete with a person
compose of metal
conceal from others
concur with a person
concur in an opinion condole with a person conduce to health
confer favour on a person confer with a person confer about a thing confess to a fault
confide in a person
conform to a rule or norm
conform with one’s views congratulate a man on success convive at others’ faults
consent to some proposal
consign to destruction consist of material
consist in causes and results consult with a person
consult on or about something contribute to a fund
copy from a book coverage to a point convict a person of a crime
cope with a person
correspond with a person (to write) correspond to something correspond about a subject
count on a thing (depend)
count for nothing
crave for or after happiness
credit with good intentions
cure a man of a disease
dash against a wall drawn on a person debar from an action defer to a man’s wishes
delight in poetry deliver from a danger demur to a statement depend on help
deprive a man of a thing
desist from an attempt despair of success
deter a man from action
die of a disease
die from some cause differ with a person differ on a subject differ from anything differ to opinions digress from the topic
dilate on a subject
dip into a river
disagree with a person disapprove of anything dispense with a man’s service
dispose off property or something discharge from service
dissent from an opinion distinguish one thingfrom another distinguish between two things divide between two, among many divert a person from a path
divest someone of fear draw money on banks
dominate over a subordinate
drive at some point drop off a tree
dwell on some matter
elicit from a person embark on boardship embark in business
emerge from the hiding place employ in some work encroach on others’ right endow a person with benefits marks upon a carter
enter into one’s plans entitle to a property
entrust a person with something envy at others’ success
escape from custody excel in music
exchange my things with your things
exclude from the class
excuse him from paying the fine exempt from duty
expel from college expostulate with a person extricate from danger
fail in one’s purpose fail of success
fall among rogues
fall in love with someone
fall into difficulties
fall in with a suggestion
fall from the height fall on the rival
feed on milk
feed with milk
feel for the troubled
fight against or with a person
fight out the reason
finish with a programme frown upon a person
fill with something
fish for words
flirt with a person
fly into rage
furnish a person with a thing furnish a thing to a person
gain on someone in competition get at the truth
get on with a master
get out of debt
get to a journey’s end
glance at a sight
glance over some writing
grasp at a shadow grapple with difficulties
grieve at or for an event
grumble at the change
guard against or.from danger guess at something
hanker after worldly pleasure happen at a time
happen in a place happen to a person healed of a disease hear of a news
hesitate at bribing hint at the solution hover over the rest hush up a matter
impress an idea on a person impress a person with an idea increase in learning
indict a person for a crime indulge in intoxicants
indulge himself with wine inform a man of an event inform a person about a thing initiate a man into bribery insinuate into one’s favour insist upon going
inspire with patriotism
introduce with someone introduce someone to someone introduce into a place
intrude into your garden
invent in a factory
invest with power
invite to a party
involve a man in a crime issue from the office
jest of sorrows
jeer at a person
join in work
join with a man
join to a thing
judge a person by his word
jump at an offer (readily accept) jump to a conclusion
keep from meeting keep to a position know of a secret
lament for the dead laugh at something
lay facts before someone
lay a person under obligation level changes against someone listen to complaints
live by labour
live on small wages live for the family
live within one’s means look after one’s health lust after gold
make away with a thing make out the meaning
marvel at one’s beauty
menace with punishment merge into something larger mourn for the dead
murmur at one’s fate
offend against traditions operate on a patient
originate in a place or thing overwhelm with goodness
part with a person
partake of some food participate with the team participate in the match persist in the denial pertain to the answer point at an object
point to some result
possess oneself of the goodwill prefer one thing to another present him with a purse
preside at a meeting
preside over a function
prevent from falling
pride oneself on something prohibit from drinking
wine protect from loss
purge the mind of superstitions
Question on the subject quake with fear
reconcile to misfortune reconcile with an enemy
refrain from an action
rejoice at the success of another remonstrate against a person replete with wealth
result from a cause
result in consequence
search for something lost
search into a matter (to examine) slur over a matter
smell of a fragrance
smile at a challenge
smile on a person
span of time
snap at a person
strip a person of his possession subsist on a small income succumb to hardship
sweep the dust off the surface sympathize with a person sympathize in his troubles
tamper with the figure
testify to a fact
trade in thing,
trade with a company tresspass against rules tresspass on a man’s time tresspass in a man’s premises trifle with a man’s feeling triumph over difficulties
trust in a person
trust to his honesty
wait at a table
wait on a person (attend) yield to pressure
yearn for beauty