Static GK : Important National Parks and Sanctuaries of India

Name and Location Important Species
1. Kanha National Park, Mandla and Balaghat (MP) Chital, gaur, tiger, nilgai, sambar, barasingha
2. Kaziranga National Park, Jorhat (Assam) One-horned rhinoceros, elephant, wild buffalo, wild boar, tiger, leopard
3. Kinnersani Sanctuary, khammam(AP) Chital, tiger, gaur, wolf, nilgai
4. Manas Sanctuary, Barpeta (Assam) One-horned rhinoceros, gaur, elephant, wild buffalo
5. Namdapha Sanctuary, Tirap(Arunachal Pradesh) Elephant, tiger, panther, wild buffalo
6. Pachmarhi Sanctuary Hoshangabad (MP) Barking deer, bison, bear, tiger
7. Palamau Sanctuary, Daltonganj (Jharkhand) Barking deer, gaur, chital, elephant, panther
8. Periyar Sanctuary, Idukki (Kerala) Elephant, chital, nilgai
9. Rohla National Park, Kullu (Himachal Pradesh) Brown bear, musk deer, snow leopard, snow pigeon, snow cock
10. Simlipal Sanctuary, Mayurbhanj, (Orissa) Elephant, gaur, chital, tiger, flying squirrel
11. Tadoba National Park, Chandrapur (Mah.) Chital, chinkara, panther, tiger, sloth bear, gaur
12. Wild Ass Sanctuary, Little Rann of Kutchch,(Guj.) Wild ass, wolf, nilgai, chinkara
13. Bandipur National Park, Mysore (Karnataka) chital, elephant, panther, barking deer, four-horned antelope
14. Bhimbandh Sanctuary, Monghyr(Bihar) Leopard, tiger, wild boar, wolf
15. Chandraprabha Sanctuary ,Varanasi (UP) Tiger, panther, sambar, sloth bear, peafowl
16. Corbett National Park,Garhwal (Uttarakhand) Four-horned antelope, elephant, tiger, panther, sambar
17. Dampa Sanctuary, Aizawl (Mizoram) Barking deer, Himalayan bear, tiger, elephant
18. Dudhwa National Park, Lakhimpur Kheri (Uttarakhand) Barking deer, chital, sloth bear, tiger, panther
19. Ghandhi Sagar Sanctuary, Mandsaur (MP) Barking deer, chinkara, chital
20. Ghana Bird Sanctuary, Bharatpur (Rajasthan) Black-buck, sambar, wild boar, chital
21. Gir National Park, Junagarh (Gujarat) Asiatic lion, Panther, chital, nilgai, four-horned antelope
22. Hazaribagh Sanctuary, Hazaribagh (Jharkhand) Chital, nilgai, sambar, tiger
23. Silent Valley National Park (Kerala) Lion-Tailed Macaque

Note:

  • Jim Corbett National Park – India’s first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand.
  • Madhya Pradesh and Andaman and Nicobar Islands have the largest number of national parks in the country (9 each).

Policy:

National forest policy -1952, 1988
Project tiger –1973s
Project elephant– 1992

Project crocodile– 1975
Project dolphin — 2008

Reserves:

Total number of BIOSPHERE reserves in India–18
Total number of ELEPHANT reserves in India –29
Total number of TIGER reserves in India –48
Total number of CROCODILE reserves in India –4

  • Nine of the eighteen biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list.
Name States Year
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka 2000
Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu 2001
Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve West Bengal 2001
Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve Uttarakhand 2004
Nokrek Biosphere Reserve Meghalaya 2009
Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve Madhya Pradesh 2009
Simlipal Biosphere Reserve Odisha 2009
Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh 2012
Great Nicobar Andaman and Nicobar Islands 2013
Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve Kerala and Tamil Nadu 2016