The Guardian Editorial : May 12, 2018

The Guardian Editorial, The difficulty level of the English section in the Bank Exams have increased to multiple folds and we have to accustomed to the difficulty level of the English section. So today we are providing editorials and important articles from THE GUARDIAN for a change.

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a) Ousted Malaysian leader Najib Razak prevented from leaving country

The ousted Malaysian prime minister, Najib Razak, has been prevented from leaving the country after appearing to attempt to take a flight to Indonesia. The country’s immigration department said in a brief statement on Saturday that Najib and his wife, Rosmah Mansor, have “just been blacklisted from leaving the country”. The statement came after a flight schedule had shown that Najib and his wife were due to take a private jet to Jakarta at 10am from on Saturday morning. But Najib, who faces being investigated by the incoming government for alleged corruption, never appeared and the private jet, owned by Indonesian company Premiair, remained on the tarmac at Subang airport near Kuala Lumpur. After the reports of his flight emerged on Friday night, dozens of people, accompanied by a large pack of journalists, had descended on the small airport just outside the capital in the early hours to protest his departure. Riot police were stationed outside the gate where people believed Najib would enter. After losing the election this week to the opposition, led by former prime minister Mahathir Mohamad, there had been concerns that Najib would try to flee the country to avoid the chance of prosecution for his role in the 1MDB scandal, which he was accused of covering up while in office. Mahathir has pledged a full independent investigation into the billions of embezzled funds and many believe this will implicate Najib. After his flight schedule was made public on Friday night, Najib tweeted that he was taking a “short break” to spend time with his family and apologised for his “shortcomings and mistakes”. “After over four decades in politics and the recent election campaign, which was regrettably personal and perhaps the most intense in Malaysian history, I will take a short break to spend time with my family whom I have not seen enough of in recent years,” Najib said in a tweet. Najib also tweeted that he hoped the “divisive period” in the country’s history would end with unity. “My Barisan Nasional colleagues and I are committed to respecting the will of the people and facilitating a smooth transfer of power. The best interests of Malaysia and its people will always be my first priority and I intend to continue serving them in whatever capacity I can,” he tweeted.

“I pray that after this divisive period, the country will unite. I apologise for any shortcomings and mistakes, and I thank you, the people, for the opportunity to lead our great nation. It has been the honour of my lifetime to serve you and Malaysia.”

b) Myanmar: Rohingya villagers who spoke to UN delegation forced into hiding

Rohingya villagers who spoke to a UN security council delegation in Rakhine last week are in hiding after being targeted by Myanmar’s security agencies, members from the community say. Villagers who spoke to the UNSC delegation during their visit to northern Rahkine state in May and shared their experiences of violence at the hands of the Myanmar military have been forced to disappear after the security agencies launched a hunt for them. A Rohingya reporter told the Guardian that in the days before the UNSC delegation visited Rahkine, authorities in Maungdaw township had warned the Rohingya in the surrounding villages against telling the envoys anything adverse about the government or security forces. “Anyone disobeying the warning would face hard consequences, the authorities threatened,” the reporter said. Whilst most villagers refused to speak to the envoys after the threat, in the village of Nolboinna three teenage boys and a middle-aged woman were willing to defy the orders. Soon after the envoys left Nolboinna, agents from Myanmar’s Sa Ra Pa or military intelligence unit and border guard police (BGP) arrived in the village looking for the Rohingya who had spoken to the envoys. Now they have been forced to flee for their safety. “Some intelligence agents who accompanied the envoys had filmed the conversations between the Rohingya villagers and the envoys in Nolboinna,” said the reporter, who asked to remain unnamed for security reasons.

“The Sa Ra Pa agents showed some of those video clips to the village administrator and other villagers of Nolboinna and sought their help to find out the four Rohingya villagers. It’s clear, fearing retribution from the government or the security agencies they all (the boys and the woman) have gone into hiding. We don’t know if they are still in Burma or have crossed over to Bangladesh.” The administrator and other villagers told the military that they did not know the three boys and the woman, but the security agencies are still carrying out searches across villages in the region, a Bangladesh-based Rohingya political activist Ko Ko Linn said to the Guardian. “For speaking the truth these four Rohingya villagers are paying the price. As it happened in the cases of some others in the past, they are being hounded by the Myanmar forces,” Linn said. During their day-long visit to Rakhine on 1 May, the UNSC envoys toured several Rohingya villages, aiming to hear first-hand experiences of violence during security crackdown from as many Rohingya villagers as possible. As a result of their findings on the trip, on Wednesday the UN security council called on Myanmar to speed up efforts to ensure the safe return of the Rohingya and to hold accountable perpetrators of attacks against the Muslim minority. In a draft report, council members called on the Myanmar government to have a “transparent investigations into allegations of human rights abuses and violations.”Multiple reports of Rohingya villagers targeted by the security agencies after they reported abuse and violence to international observers and media have surfaced also in the past. Rohingya widows Noor Jahan and Jamalida Begum were also forced flee to Bangladesh in December 2016 after speaking to journalists, while four men who spoke to former UN security general Kofi Annan about their plight were imprisoned.


1) Ousted

Meaning: Drive out or expel (someone) from a position or place.

Example: “The reformists were ousted from power”

Synonyms: Drive out, Expel.

2) Immigration

Meaning: The action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country.

Example: “A barrier to control illegal immigration from Mexico”

3) Blacklisted

Meaning: A list of people, countries, etc. who are considered by a particular authority or group to be unacceptable and who should be avoided and not trusted.

Example: “Workers were blacklisted after being quoted in the newspaper”

Synonyms: Boycott, Ostracize.

4) Alleged

Meaning: Said, without proof, to have taken place or to have a specified illegal or undesirable quality.

Example: “The alleged conspirators”

Synonyms: Supposed, So-called.

5) Tarmac

Meaning: Material used for surfacing roads or other outdoor areas, consisting of broken stone mixed with tar.

Example: “The tarmac path”

6) Emerged

Meaning: Move out of or away from something and become visible.

Example: “Black ravens emerged from the fog”

Synonyms: Come out, Appear.

7) Descended

Meaning: Make an unexpected visit to.

Example: “Groups of visiting supporters descended on a local pub”

Synonyms: Come in force, Arrive in hordes.

8) Protest

Meaning: Express an objection to what someone has said or done.

Example: “Before Muriel could protest, he had filled both glasses”

Synonyms: Express opposition, Raise objections.

9) Stationed

Meaning: Put in or assign to a specified place for a particular purpose, especially a military one.

Example: “Troops were stationed in the town”

Synonyms: Put on duty, Post.

10) Flee

Meaning: Run away from (someone or something).

Example: “He was forced to flee the country”

11) Prosecution

Meaning: The institution and conducting of legal proceedings against someone in respect of a criminal charge.

Example: “The organizers are facing prosecution for noise nuisance”

12) Scandal

Meaning: An action or event regarded as morally or legally wrong and causing general public outrage.

Example: “A bribery scandal involving one of his key supporters”

Synonyms: Outrageous wrongdoing, Outrageous behaviour.

13) Pledged

Meaning: Commit (a person or organization) by a solemn promise.

Example: “The government pledged itself to deal with environmental problems”

14) Embezzled

Meaning: Steal or misappropriate (money placed in one’s trust or belonging to the organization for which one works).

Example: “She had embezzled £5,600,000 in company funds”

Synonyms: Steal, Rob.

15) Implicate

Meaning: Show (someone) to be involved in a crime.

Example: “He implicated his government in the murders of three judges”

Synonyms: Incriminate, Compromise.

16) Apologised

Meaning: Express regret for something that one has done wrong.

Example: “I must apologize for disturbing you like this”

Synonyms: Say sorry, Express regret.

17) Regrettably

Meaning: Unfortunately (used to express apology for or sadness at something).

Example: “Regrettably, last night’s audience was a meagre one”

18) Shortcomings

Meaning: A fault or failure to meet a certain standard, typically in a person’s character, a plan, or a system.

Example: “He discussed the shortcomings of his wife”

Synonyms: Defect, Fault.

19) Delegate

Meaning: A person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference.

Example: “Congress delegates rejected the proposals”

Synonyms: Representative, Envoy.

20) Defy

Meaning: Openly resist or refuse to obey.

Example: “A woman who defies convention”

Synonyms: Disobey, refuse to obey.

21) Envoy

Meaning: A messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission.

Example: “The UN special envoy to Yugoslavia”

Synonyms: Representative, Delegate.

22) Accompany

Meaning: Go somewhere with (someone) as a companion or escort.

Example: “The two sisters were to accompany us to London”

Synonyms: Go with, Go along with.

23) Filmed

Meaning: Capture on film as part of a series of moving images; make a film of (a story, event, or book).

Example: “She glowered at the television crew who were filming them”

Synonyms: Record on film, Shoot.

24) Unnamed

Meaning: Not named.

Example: “The unnamed man was found unconscious”

25) Sought (Past participle of seek)

Meaning: Ask for (something) from someone.

Example: “He sought help from the police”

Synonyms: Ask for, Request.

26) Retribution

Meaning: Punishment inflicted on someone as vengeance for a wrong or criminal act.

Example: “Employees asked not to be named, saying they feared retribution”

Synonyms: Punishment, Penalty.

27) Hiding

Meaning: The state of being hidden.

Example: “The shipowner had gone into hiding”

Synonyms: Hidden, Concealed.

28) Cross over

Meaning: To change from one activity or style to another.


Example: “Charles crossed over from blues to gospel”

29) Pay the price

Meaning: To experience the bad result of something you have done.

Example: If you abuse your body now, you’ll pay the price when you’re older.

30) Hound

Meaning: Harass, persecute, or pursue relentlessly.

Example: “She was hounded by the Italian press”

Synonyms: Harass, Persecute.

31) FirstHand experience

Meaning: Obtained personally, or directly from someone who is personally involved in something.

Example: He has first-hand experience of what war is like.

32) Crackdown

Meaning: A series of severe measures to restrict undesirable or illegal people or behaviour.

Example: “A crackdown on car crime”

Synonyms: Clampdown, Getting tough.

33) SpeedUp

Meaning: An increase in speed, especially in a person’s or machine’s rate of working.

Example: Measures should be taken to halt the speed-up in population growth.

34) Perpetrator

Meaning: A person who carries out a harmful, illegal, or immoral act.

Example: “The perpetrators of this horrific crime must be brought to justice”

35) Called on

Meaning: Pay a visit to (someone).

Example: “He’s planning to call on Katherine today”

Synonyms: Visit, Pay a visit to.

36) Abuse

Meaning: Use (something) to bad effect or for a bad purpose; misuse.

Example: “The judge abused his power by imposing the fines”

Synonyms: Misuse, Misapply.

37) Target

Meaning: Aim or direct (something).

Example: “Warheads were targeted on a European city”

Synonyms: Aim, Direct.

38) Surface

Meaning: If a feeling or information surfaces, it becomes known.

Example: Doubts are beginning to surface about whether the right decision has been made.

39) Plight

Meaning: A dangerous, difficult, or otherwise unfortunate situation.

Example: “We must direct our efforts towards relieving the plight of children living in poverty”

40) Imprisoned

Meaning: Kept in prison: captive.

Example: “An imprisoned dissident”

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