THE HINDU EDITORIAL : JANUARY 4, 2019
THE HINDU EDITORIAL : JANUARY 4, 2019
Dear Banking Aspirants,
THE HINDU EDITORIAL – January 4, 2018, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like IBPS Clerk 2018 Mains Exam, Canara Bank PO – PGDBF 2018 and IBPS SO 2018. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.
A) Breaking barriers: on two women’s Sabarimala temple entry
The key is to allow women to pray at Sabarimala in an orderly way
In facilitating the entry of two women, albeit in stealth and under the cover of darkness, the Kerala government has displayed some resolve in breaking the illegal blockade imposed by some devotees on permitting females in the 10-50 age group into the Sabarimala temple. This is the first time women of menstruating age have made their way into the shrine after a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in September 2018 threw the temple open to women of all ages. Under some pressure to demonstrate that it had not gone soft as a result of the upsurge of protests against the Supreme Court’s order and was keen on signalling that it was in favour of upholding the law, the government appears to have drawn up an elaborate and closely scripted plan, with assistance from the State police and civil administration, to help Bindu and Kanakadurga make their way unnoticed to the temple from the foothills at Pampa. Unfortunately, but not entirely unpredictably, news of their visit has resulted in a cycle of violent and politically orchestrated protests, clashes, and mass arrests. Tragically, one life was lost.
In the face of an illegal blockade to prevent menstruating-age women from visiting the temple, the Kerala government will regard this operation as a victory. But clearly, even it must be aware that covert ops such as this one are not a sustainable solution to the Sabarimala problem. The State government’s dilemma — and also its responsibility — is to find a way of ensuring safe passage for all women who want to visit the temple while keeping the peace at the same time. Given the passions at play, and the cynical attempts to politically exploit them, this is anything but an easy task. In the short term, though — and this may well have been its intent — the Left Front government has managed to alter the narrative in the Sabarimala controversy. The decision of the temple authorities to close the sanctum sanctorum and perform purification rituals has invoked old and regressive notions of purity and pollution, of defilement and desecration. They have focussed attention on the role of the chief priest (or Tantri) of Sabarimala, leaving him open to the charge levelled by Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan that his actions violated both the Supreme Court order and the Devaswom Manual. At a larger level, the entry of the two women has, perhaps inevitably, recalled Justice D.Y. Chandrachud’s words in the majority judgment in the Sabarimala case. In his judgment, he had argued that the ban on women’s entry was a “form of untouchability”, and their exclusion was a “violation of the right to liberty, dignity and equality”. Meanwhile, as passions continue to escalate, it is important for the State government, the Travancore Devaswom Board and also those representing the devotees to initiate a conversation and prevent the State from being consumed in a further cycle of violence and conflict over this issue.
B) Dark side of the moon: on China’s moon mission
China’s successful mission will greatly advance knowledge of earth’s satellite
China joined a select group of countries with successful missions to the moon, when its spacecraft, Chang’e-4, successfully made a landing at ‘10.26 on January 3’, according to the China National Space Administration. It landed at a spot on the moon’s far side, the Von Kármán crater, which is untouched by earlier missions from earth. After landing, Chang’e-4, named after the Chinese moon goddess, relayed a close-up image of the ‘far’ side of the moon through the communication relay satellite Queqiao. The Queqiao satellite was launched last May by China for the very purpose of helping Chang’e-4 communicate with earth, as a direct communication with it is not possible from the moon’s far side, which never faces earth. The Chang’e-4 mission carries payloads, of which two are in collaboration with Germany and Sweden, respectively. The instruments include cameras, low-frequency radio spectrum analyser, lunar neutron and radiation dose detectors, and many more. Among other things, the mission could pave the way to setting up a radio telescope on the far side of the moon.
Considering that earth is right next door to the moon, we know precious little about it. Its formation and early evolution present mysteries which, if understood, could guide us in planetary studies, and help in understanding exoplanets. The near side, which faces earth, has dark patterns; the far side, turned away, is marked with circular spots that are craters formed by meteorite collisions. The moon’s near side is believed to have a thinner shell, so that when meteorites bombarded it they cracked its shell, releasing lava which gushed out and covered traces of the impact and left dark patches. Being thicker, the far side did not face such an erasure and bears the marks of the crater impacts. This mission could verify these theories and discover the reason behind these dichotomies. The moon’s far side also differs from the near side in that it is shielded from all the radio waves emanating from earth. Communication devices and satellites have made it too noisy for radio astronomers to easily and accurately interpret signals. The near side of the moon also suffers from this problem of noise. On the other hand, the far side is a quiet place and a haven for earthly aspirations to set up a radio telescope that could reveal astronomical mysteries, such as the structure of the universe shortly after the Big Bang. China has now joined the U.S. and the former USSR as the only countries to have made a “soft landing” on the moon. But beyond underlining China’s technological advances, Chang’e-4 could herald a new chapter in lunar exploration.
Meaning : make (an action or process) easy or easier(v).
Tamil Meaning : வழிவகுத்து
Synonyms : expedite
Antonyms : block
Example : “schools were located in the same campus to facilitate the sharing of resources”
Meaning : cautious and surreptitious action or movement(n).
Synonyms : covertness
Antonyms : show
Example : “the silence and stealth of a hungry cat”
Meaning : settle or find a solution to (a problem or contentious matter)(v).
Synonyms : boldness
Antonyms : fear
Example : “the firm aims to resolve problems within 30 days”
Meaning : force (an unwelcome decision or ruling) on someone(v ).
Tamil Meaning : திணிக்கப்பட்ட
Synonyms : appoint
Antonyms : disorder
Example : “the decision was theirs and was not imposed on them by others”
Meaning : a place regarded as holy because of its associations with a divinity or a sacred person or relic, marked by a building or other construction.
Synonyms : altar
Antonyms : secular
Example : “the medieval pilgrim route to the shrine of St James”
Meaning : propel (something) with force through the air by a movement of the arm and hand(v).
Synonyms : deliver
Antonyms : discourage
Example : “I threw a brick through the window”
Meaning : clearly show the existence or truth of (something) by giving proof or evidence.
Tamil Meaning : நிரூபிக்க
Synonyms : determine
Antonyms : conceal
Example : “their shameful silence demonstrates their ineptitude”
Meaning : an upward surge in the strength or quantity of something; an increase(n).
Tamil Meaning : எழுச்சி
Synonyms : recovery
Antonyms : downturn
Example : “an upsurge in vandalism and violent crime”
Meaning : having or showing eagerness or enthusiasm(adj).
Tamil Meaning : முனைப்புடன்
Synonyms : anxious
Antonyms : apathetic
Example : “a keen gardener”
Meaning : involving many carefully arranged parts or details; detailed and complicated in design and planning(adj).
Tamil Meaning : விரிவாக
Synonyms : complicated
Antonyms : easy
Example : “elaborate security precautions”
Meaning : the action of helping someone by sharing work.
Tamil Meaning : உதவி
Synonyms : backing
Antonyms : damage
Example : “the work was completed with the assistance of carpenters”
Meaning : in a way that cannot be predicted(adv).
Tamil Meaning : யூகிக்க இயலாத
Synonyms : abrupt
Antonyms : calm
Example : “it is known that wildfires behave unpredictably”
Meaning : in a way that involves or causes extreme distress or sorrow.(adv)
Tamil Meaning : துயரங்களுடன்
Synonyms : horribly
Antonyms : comically
Example : “Jim was tragically killed in a plane crash”
Meaning : consider or think of in a specified way(adv).
Tamil Meaning : தொடர்பாக
Synonyms : view
Antonyms : ignorance
Example : “she regarded London as her base”
Meaning : not openly acknowledged or displayed(adj).
Synonyms : hidden
Antonyms : open
Example : “covert operations against the dictatorship”
Meaning : able to be maintained at a certain rate or level(adj).
Tamil Meaning : நிலையான
Synonyms : continual
Antonyms : untenable
Example : “sustainable economic growth”
Meaning : make certain that (something) will occur or be the case.
Tamil Meaning : உறுதி
Synonyms : assure
Antonyms : endanger
Example : “the client must ensure that accurate records are kept”
Meaning : make full use of and derive benefit from (a resource).
Tamil Meaning : பயன்படுத்தி
Synonyms : adventure
Antonyms : failure
Example : “500 companies sprang up to exploit this new technology”
Meaning : however (indicating that a factor qualifies or imposes restrictions on what was said previously)(adv).
Tamil Meaning : என்றாலும்
Synonyms : nevertheless
Antonyms : furthermore
Example : “I was hunting for work. Jobs were scarce though”
Meaning : intention or purpose.(n)
Tamil Meaning : நோக்கம்
Synonyms : decided
Antonyms : flexible
Example : “with alarm she realized his intent”
Meaning : prolonged public disagreement or heated discussion(n).
Tamil Meaning : சர்ச்சை
Synonyms : bickering
Antonyms : agreement
Example : “the design of the building has caused controversy”
Meaning : returning to a former or less developed state; characterized by regression(adj).
Tamil Meaning : பின்னடை
Synonyms : rigid
Antonyms : liberal
Example : “regressive aspects of recent local government reform”
Meaning : a conception of or belief about something(n).
Tamil Meaning : கருத்துக்களை
Synonyms : approach
Antonyms : being
Example : “children have different notions about the roles of their parents”
Meaning : the action of desecrating something.(n)
Synonyms : blasphemy
Antonyms : respect
Example : “the desecration of a grave”
Meaning : as is certain to happen; unavoidably(adv).
Tamil Meaning : தவிர்க்க முடியாமல்
Synonyms : necessarily
Antonyms : avoidably
Example : “inevitably some details are already out of date”
Meaning : be incompatible or at variance; clash(v).
Tamil Meaning : மோதல்
Synonyms : battle
Antonyms : truce
Example : “parents’ and children’s interests sometimes conflict”
Meaning : a large bowl-shaped cavity in the ground or on a celestial object, typically one caused by an explosion or the impact of a meteorite(n).
Synonyms : pit
Antonyms : solid
Example : “the blast left a crater in the car park”
Meaning : receive and pass on (information or a message)(v).
Synonyms : deliver
Antonyms : hold
Example : “she intended to relay everything she had learned”
Meaning : a quantity of a medicine or drug taken or recommended to be taken at a particular time(n).
Synonyms : application
Antonyms : estimate
Example : “he took a dose of cough mixture”
Meaning : cover (a piece of ground) with flat stones or bricks; lay paving over(v).
Tamil Meaning : வகுக்கும்
Synonyms : brick
Antonyms : strip
Example : “the yard at the front was paved with flagstones”
Meaning : the gradual development of something(n).
Synonyms : enlargement
Antonyms : decrease
Example : “the forms of written languages undergo constant evolution”
Meaning : (of a liquid) flow out of something in a rapid and plentiful stream(v).
Tamil Meaning : புகழ்ந்தது
Synonyms : cascade
Antonyms : trickle
Example : “water gushed out of the washing machine”
Meaning : the removal of all traces of something; obliteration.
Synonyms : deletion
Antonyms : creation
Example : “the erasure of prior history”
Meaning : (of a person) carry(v).
Synonyms : deliver
Antonyms : hold
Example : “he was bearing a tray of brimming glasses”
Meaning : the action of one object coming forcibly into contact with another(n).
Tamil Meaning : தாக்கங்கள்
Synonyms : brunt
Antonyms : avoidance
Example : “there was the sound of a third impact”
Meaning : (of a feeling, quality, or sensation) issue or spread out from (a source)(v).
Tamil Meaning : வெளிப்படும்
Synonyms : derive
Antonyms : conceal
Example : “warmth emanated from the fireplace”
Meaning : in a way that is correct in all details; exactly.(adv)
Tamil Meaning : துல்லியமாக
Synonyms : exactly
Antonyms : grimly
Example : “we are simply unable to predict long-term trends accurately”
Meaning : explain the meaning of (information or actions)(v).
Tamil Meaning : விளக்குவது
Synonyms : construe
Antonyms : confuse
Example : “the evidence is difficult to interpret”
Meaning : a place of safety or refuge(n)
Tamil Meaning : புகலிடமாக
Synonyms : retreat
Antonyms : risk
Example : “a haven for wildlife”
Meaning : make (previously unknown or secret information) known to others(v).
Tamil Meaning : வெளிப்படுத்த
Synonyms : admit
Antonyms : conceal
Example : “Brenda was forced to reveal Robbie’s whereabouts”