THE HINDU EDITORIAL : JUNE 21, 2018
THE HINDU EDITORIAL : JUNE 21, 2018
THE HINDU EDITORIAL like many other sections will be the imperative one to crack the forthcoming exams like SBI PO 2018, SBI Clerk 2018 and IBPS RRB 2018 & South Indian Bank PO 2018 (newly released notification). Learn new vocabulary words routinely.
a) Transmission troubles: on inefficient banking system
The RBI continues to remain unable to influence the effective lending rates in the economy. In February, in its latest statement of intent to resolve poor monetary transmission, the RBI said it would instruct banks to switch base rate customers to the marginal cost of funds-based lending rate (MCLR) system from April 1, 2018. In April 2016, it had introduced the MCLR regime, scrapping the base rate regime, in place since 2010. “Since MCLR is more sensitive to policy rate signals, it has been decided to harmonise the methodology of determining benchmark rates by linking the Base Rate to the MCLR,” it had said. This was supposed to push banks to lower lending rates. Currently, under the base rate system, the lending rate at State Bank of India is 8.7%. The one-year MCLR rate is just 8.25%. This difference of 45 basis points could make a significant difference in borrowing costs, especially for smaller firms and retail consumers relying on equated monthly instalments. In the RBI’s assessment, a large proportion of outstanding loans and advances continues to be linked to the base rate system. This perhaps triggered the February statement. Yet, the RBI is yet to operationalise that intent. One can understand the banks’ reluctance to switch to the lower MCLR-based rates, given the multiple pressures they face, including record levels of non-performing assets and losses, and significant treasury losses. The RBI, which has often faced flak for poor monetary transmission, shouldn’t be swayed by these concerns. An RBI study estimates that public sector banks could take a ₹40,000-crore hit on revenue if they allow all base rate borrowers to switch to the MCLR rate. The RBI, which has just allowed banks to spread the booking of losses on the treasury front over four quarters — after talking tough about such rollovers — may not want to hurt them more. But this creates an unfair situation as new borrowers get MCLR rates while the older ones continue on the higher base rate system. While a base rate customer can shift to the MCLR regime only by paying a fee, this outcome is not too different from the previous attempt by the RBI eight years ago to influence transmission by shifting to base rates from what was called a Benchmark Prime Lending Rate regime. There was no sunset clause included then. For troubled banks, this is an asset-liability mismatch issue. Given the need to revive the economy through consumption and fresh investment, this impasse needs to be broken.
b) Trauma at the border
As part of its “zero-tolerance” approach to dealing with undocumented migrants, the Donald Trump administration in the U.S. has been separating parents and children within migrating families, leading to outrage over the burgeoning number of minors lodged in foster care. Reports suggest that between October 2017 and May 2018 at least 1,995 children were separated from their parents, with a significant majority of the instances between April 18 and May 31. In recent weeks, disturbing images and videos have emerged of screaming toddlers in the custody of Customs and Border Protection personnel, or in what appear to be chain-link cages in facilities holding older children, as well as one disturbing audio allegedly of wailing children at one such unit. Democrats and Republicans alike have expressed deep concern about the ethics of using children, facing trauma from separation from their parents, to discourage further undocumented border crossings. Mr. Trump, however, has refused to accept sole responsibility for the family separations. Instead, he took to Twitter to blame his Democratic opponents for not working with Republicans to pass new immigration legislation to mitigate the border crisis. His response begs two questions. First, why, when both Houses of the U.S. Congress are under Republican control, is Mr. Trump unable to garner the numbers to pass legislation to end family separations? The answer is that poignantly tragic though the fate of these broken families may be, the issue as such has failed to garner even as much bipartisan momentum on Capitol Hill as Mr. Trump’s rescinding of the Obama-era immigration order on Deferred Actions for Childhood Arrivals. The second question is whether the policy of separating migrant families is new, or if there was indeed “bad legislation passed by the Democrats” that supports this action, as Mr. Trump claims. The answer is that both are true. Mr. Trump’s critics are correct in that there is no single U.S. law requiring families to be separated. Rather, what the White House referred to as “loopholes” in legislation are two legal provisions: a law against “improper entry by aliens” at the border, and a decree known as the Flores settlement. The first is a federal law that makes it impossible to summarily deport certain vulnerable categories of migrants, such as families, asylum-seekers and unaccompanied minors. To get around this the administrations of George W. Bush and Barack Obama adopted the policy of “catch and release” — whereby these migrants would be released from custody pending their deportation case adjudication. Family separation was unnecessary at that time, but under the Trump administration’s zero-tolerance approach, all undocumented migrants are charged in criminal courts. Here the Flores settlement applies, because it limits to 20 days the length of time migrant children may be held in immigration detention. While their parents face charges, the children are transferred to a different location, often with devastating consequences for their families. This is unspeakable cruelty.
Meaning: Intention or purpose.
Example: “with alarm she realized his intent”
Synonyms: Aim, Purpose
Meaning: Abolish or cancel (a plan, policy, or law).
Example: “he supports the idea that road tax should be scrapped”
Synonyms: Abandon, Drop
Antonyms: Keep, Restore
Meaning: Make consistent or compatible.
Example: “plans to harmonize the railways of Europe”
Synonyms: Coordinate, Correlate
4) Relying on
Meaning: To need a particular thing or the help and support of someone or something in order to continue, to work correctly, or to succeed.
Example: The success of this project relies on everyone making an effort.
Meaning: Not yet paid, resolved, or dealt with.
Example: “much of the work is still outstanding”
Synonyms: Undone, Neglected
Antonyms: Complete, Paid
Meaning: (of an event or situation) cause (someone) to do something.
Example: “the death of Helen’s father triggered her to follow a childhood dream and become a falconer”
Meaning: Put into operation or use.
Example: “such measures would be difficult to operationalize”
Meaning: Unwillingness or disinclination to do something.
Example: “she sensed his reluctance to continue”
Synonyms: Unwillingness, Disinclination
Antonyms: Willingness, Eagerness
Meaning: Strong criticism.
Example: “you must be strong enough to take the flak if things go wrong”
Synonyms: Criticism, Censure
Meaning: Control or influence (a person or course of action).
Synonyms: “he’s easily swayed by other people” Example:
Antonyms: Influence, Affect
Meaning: The funds or revenue of a state, institution, or society.
Example: “she transferred billions from the national treasury to her personal bank account”
Synonyms: Purse, Bank
Meaning: The extension or transfer of a debt or other financial arrangement.
Example: “investments would be returned after four months unless a rollover was requested”
13) Sunset clause
Meaning: Part of a law or contract that states when it will end, or the conditions under which it will end.
Example: A sunset clause in the bill called for the tax cuts to expire in 2010.
Meaning: A situation in which no progress is possible, especially because of disagreement; a deadlock.
Example: “the current political impasse”
Synonyms: Deadlock, Stalemate
Meaning: Not recorded in or proved by documents.
Example: “earlier, undocumented settlements”
Meaning: Arouse fierce anger, shock, or indignation in (someone).
Example: “the public were outraged at the brutality involved”
Synonyms: Enrage, Incense
Meaning: Begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish.
Example: “manufacturers are keen to cash in on the burgeoning demand”
Synonyms: Expand, Boom
Meaning: Rent accommodation in another person’s house.
Example: “the man who lodged in the room next door”
Synonyms: Reside, Stay
Meaning: An example or single occurrence of something.
Example: “a serious instance of corruption”
Synonyms: Example, Occasion
Meaning: A loud, high sound you make when very frightened, excited, or angry.
Example: No one heard their screams.
Meaning: A young child who is just beginning to walk.
Synonyms: Children, Babies
Meaning: To make a long, high cry, usually because of pain or sadness.
Example: The women gathered around the coffin and began to wail, as was the custom in the region.
Synonyms: Howl, Weep
Meaning: Anxiety; worry.
Example: “Carole gazed at her with concern”
Synonyms: Anxiety, Worry
Antonyms: Serenity, Indifference
Meaning: Emotional shock following a stressful event or a physical injury, which may lead to long-term neurosis.
Example: “the event is relived with all the accompanying trauma”
Synonyms: Shock, Upheaval
Meaning: Make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
Example: “drainage schemes have helped to mitigate this problem”
Synonyms: Alleviate, Reduce
Antonyms: Aggravate, Increase
Meaning: Gather or collect (something, especially information or approval).
Example: “the police struggled to garner sufficient evidence”
Synonyms: Gather, Collect
Meaning: In a way that evokes a keen sense of sadness or regret.
Example: “the experiences of the war are poignantly described”
28) Capitol Hill
Meaning: The hill on which the US Capitol stands, or the US legislature that meets there.
Example: The president will go to Capitol Hill to meet with lawmakers.
Meaning: Revoke, cancel, or repeal (a law, order, or agreement).
Example: “the government eventually rescinded the directive”
Synonyms: Revoke, Repeal
Antonyms: Enforce, Enact
Meaning: A small mistake in an agreement or law that gives someone the chance to avoid having to do something.
Example: The company employed lawyers to find loopholes in environmental protection laws.
Synonyms: Fault, Mistake
Meaning: An official statement that something must happen.
Example: The decree stopped short of a full declaration of independence.
Synonyms: Rules & Laws
Meaning: (of a person) in need of special care, support, or protection because of age, disability, or risk of abuse or neglect.
Example: “the scheme will help charities working with vulnerable adults and young people”
Meaning: Having no companion or escort.
Example: “no unaccompanied children allowed”
Synonyms: Alone, Single
Meaning: The action or process of adjudicating.
Example: “the matter may have to go to court for adjudication”
Synonyms: Arbitration, Resolution
Meaning: The act of punishing all criminal or unacceptable behaviour severely, even if it is not very serious,
Example: The police are exercising a new policy of zero tolerance against motoring offenders.
Meaning: The action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country.
Example: “a barrier to control illegal immigration from Mexico”
Meaning: The action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody.
Example: “the fifteen people arrested were still in police detention”
Synonyms: Confinement, Incarceration
Meaning: Causing severe shock, distress, or grief.
Example: “the news came as a devastating blow”
Synonyms: Shattering, Shocking
Meaning: Not able to be expressed in words.
Example: “I felt an unspeakable tenderness towards her”
Synonyms: Wonderful, Ineffable
Meaning: Cruel behaviour or attitudes.
Example: “he has treated her with extreme cruelty”
Synonyms: Brutality, Ferocity
Antonyms: Compassion, Mercy
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