THE HINDU EDITORIAL: MAY 13, 2019
THE HINDU EDITORIAL – May 13, 2018, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like SBI PO 2019, SBI CLERK 2019, LIC AAO 2019, FCI Prelims 2019 & CWC 2019 and other banking Exams. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.
Deal in danger: on Iran and the nuclear deal
Time is running out for European signatories to the nuclear pact to address Iran’s concerns
Iran’s decision to reduce its commitments under the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, which sought to curtail its nuclear capabilities, is more of a warning than a move to break the nuclear deal. Iran has been under economic and political pressure since President Donald Trump pulled the U.S. out of the deal a year ago. The U.S. has since amped up its anti-Iran rhetoric and reimposed sanctions. While President Hassan Rouhani clinched the agreement in 2015 despite opposition from hardliners, his promise was that it would help lift sanctions, providing relief to Iran’s economy. But the economic benefits did not last even three years, weakening Mr. Rouhani’s position in Iran’s complex power dynamics. With the U.S. having ended the sanctions-waiver it had given to certain countries, including India, on purchasing Iranian oil, from the first week of May, the Iranian economy has come under more pressure. It is in this context that Mr. Rouhani announced the suspension of some of the restrictions in the deal.
Iran will immediately stop shipping out excess enriched uranium and heavy water. Mr. Rouhani has given 60 days to other signatories to find solutions to shield Iran’s banking and oil sectors from U.S. sanctions. In theory, excess enriched uranium and heavy water allow Iran to expand its nuclear programme, but it hasn’t announced any such plan. The big threat is that it will resume higher levels of enrichment to build weapons unless its grievances are addressed in 60 days. Iran’s response may appear to be calibrated. It hasn’t quit the deal as the U.S. did. And its concerns are genuine as it is being punished even as it is compliant with the terms of the agreement. But Iran’s move to put the remaining signatories on notice could be the start of the formal unravelling of the deal. European countries have been working on a mechanism, which is still in the initial stages, that allows Europe to trade with Iran through a barter system avoiding the dollar and circumventing sanctions. But it hasn’t covered oil trade, the mainstay of Iran’s economy. If Europe doesn’t do enough in 60 days and Iran sticks to its threat, the deal will collapse, giving more reason to the U.S. to escalate hostilities. It has, among other things, deployed an aircraft carrier and a bomber squad to the Gulf. A practical alternative would be for Iran to end this brinkmanship and deepen cooperation with other signatories instead of breaking the deal. Europe, on its part, should stand firmly up to the U.S.’s unilateral threats and pressure, and come up with ways to help Iran. A collapse of the deal would not only exacerbate the Iran nuclear crisis but also set a bad precedent in international diplomacy.
Meaning: attempt or desire to obtain or achieve (something).
Tamil Meaning: முயன்று
Synonyms: try to obtain, pursue, go after, strive for
Example Sentence: “the new regime sought his extradition”
Meaning: reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.
Tamil Meaning: சுருக்கு / குறை
Synonyms: Reduce, cut, cut down, cut back, decrease
Antonyms: Increase, Lengthen
Example Sentence: “civil liberties were further curtailed”
- amped up
Meaning: to increase the power or force of (something)
Meaning: language designed to have a persuasive or impressive effect, but which is often regarded as lacking in sincerity or meaningful content.
Tamil Meaning: வாக்கு வன்மை
Synonyms: bombast, loftiness, turgidity, grandiloquence
Antonyms: Quiet, Conciseness
Example Sentence: “there is a good deal of rhetoric in this field”
Meaning: impose (something, especially a law or regulation) again after a lapse.
Tamil Meaning: மீண்டும் சுமத்த
Synonyms: Bring Back, Build Up, Improve, Modernize
Antonyms: Damage, Decline, Destroy, Harm
Example Sentence: “price controls were reimposed on fifty-three basic foods”
Meaning: confirm or settle (a contract or bargain) / confirm the winning or achievement of (a match, competition, or victory)
Synonyms: secure, settle, conclude, close, pull off, bring off
Example Sentence: “a salesman eager to clinch a deal”
Meaning: a limiting condition or measure, especially a legal one.
Tamil Meaning: கட்டுப்பாடு / தடை
Synonyms: Reduction, limitation, diminution, curtailment, cutback
Antonyms: Liberation, Permission, Advantage
Example Sentence: “planning restrictions on commercial development”
Meaning: an amount of something that is more than necessary, permitted, or desirable.
Tamil Meaning: அதிகப்படியான / மிகுதி
Synonyms: Surplus, surfeit, overabundance, superabundance
Antonyms: Dearth, lack
Example Sentence: “are you suffering from an excess of stress in your life?”
Meaning: improve or enhance the quality or value of.
Tamil Meaning: வளப்படுத்த / தனவானாக்கு
Synonyms: enhance, make richer, improve, add to, augment
Antonyms: spoil, devalue, impoverish
Example Sentence: “her exposure to museums enriched her life in France”
Meaning: increase rapidly / make or become more intense or serious.
Tamil Meaning: அதிகரிக்கும் / அதிகமாக்கு
Synonyms: Grow, develop, mushroom, increase
Example Sentence: “The disturbance escalated into a full-scale riot”
Meaning: the action of improving or enhancing the quality or value of something.
Tamil Meaning: செறிவூட்டல்
Synonyms: Enhancement, Embellishment
Example Sentence: “enrichment of the soil for more plant growth”
Meaning: a real or imagined cause for complaint, especially unfair treatment.
Tamil Meaning: குறைகளை / மனத்தாங்கல்
Synonyms: Injustice, unjust act, wrong, injury
Example Sentence: “a website which enabled staff to air their grievances”
Meaning: adjust (experimental results) to take external factors into account or to allow comparison with other data.
Tamil Meaning: அளவீடு
Synonyms: Adjust, Assess, Average
Antonyms: Disorder, Guess, Neglect
Example Sentence: “the radiocarbon results would need to be calibrated to convert them to calendar ages”
Meaning: disposed to agree with others or obey rules, especially to an excessive degree; acquiescent.
Tamil Meaning: compliant
Synonyms: acquiescent, amenable, biddable, tractable
Antonyms: Recalcitrant, bloody-minded
Example Sentence: “a compliant labour force”
Meaning: investigate and solve or explain (something complicated or puzzling).
Tamil Meaning: அவிழ்
Synonyms: solve, resolve, work out, clear up, puzzle out
Example Sentence: “they were attempting to unravel the cause of death”
Meaning: overcome (a problem or difficulty), typically in a clever and surreptitious way.
Tamil Meaning: மீறும் / தந்திரமாக வெல்
Synonyms: Avoid, get round, find a way round, evade
Antonyms: Aid, Assist, Encourage
Example Sentence: “I found it quite easy to circumvent security”
Meaning: bring into effective action.
Tamil Meaning: விரிவுறுத்து
Synonyms: use, utilize, employ, make use of, avail oneself of
Antonyms: Conclude, Conceal, End
Example Sentence: “small states can often deploy resources more freely”
Meaning: the art or practice of pursuing a dangerous policy to the limits of safety before stopping, especially in politics.
Tamil Meaning: போரில் ஈடுபடா இராஜதந்திரம்
Example Sentence: “in any game of brinkmanship, it is possible that one side will collapse suddenly”
Meaning: (of an action or decision) performed by or affecting only one person, group, or country involved in a situation, without the agreement of another or the others.
Tamil Meaning: ஒருதலைப்பட்சமான / ஒன்றுபடுத்து
Synonyms: One Sided, Independent
Antonyms: Bilateral, Many-Sided
Example Sentence: “unilateral nuclear disarmament”
Meaning: make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Tamil Meaning: இன்னும் அதிகப்படுத்தும் / எரிச்சலூட்டு
Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame
Antonyms: calm, reduce
Example Sentence: “the exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem”
Check the other – THE HINDU EDITORIAL vocabulary words from previous days in THE HINDU EDITORIAL section which has bilingual meanings.
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