Dear Aspirants,

THE HINDU EDITORIAL – May 22, 2019, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like  SBI PO 2019, SBI CLERK 2019, LIC AAO 2019, FCI Prelims 2019 & CWC 2019 and other banking Exams. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.

Highs and lows of India’s equity markets

The rally in stocks is driven primarily by investor sentiments, not market fundamentals

The prospect of the National Democratic Alliance led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi returning to power has got investors in India’s equity markets all excited. Both the Nifty and the Sensex reached all-time highs on Monday as the indices appreciated 3.75% and 3.69%, respectively, the largest rise in percentage terms since September 2013. Though sanity returned on Tuesday with the indices shedding some of Monday’s gains, in terms of the number of points gained Monday’s rise was the largest in 10 years. This rally was after most exit polls released on Sunday predicted that the present NDA government would easily cross the halfway mark required to form the next government. The rally on Monday, however, was fuelled mainly by purchases made by foreign investors. Foreign portfolio investors bought shares worth ₹1,734 crore on Monday, pushing the rupee up by almost 0.7% against the U.S. dollar. It is worth noting that foreign investors were net sellers of stocks in the earlier trading sessions, causing the indices to fall significantly from their previous high that was reached in April. So Sunday’s exit polls may have caused many foreign investors to take a more positive view of the Indian markets. Domestic investors, on the other hand, sold shares worth ₹543 crore on Monday.

Monday’s record rally in stocks should be seen as one that was driven primarily by investor sentiments rather than by market fundamentals. As with any purely sentiment-driven rally, things can take a turn for the worse if subsequent events fail to meet the market’s expectations. There is very little in the form of market fundamentals to warrant the kind of exuberance shown by investors on Monday. Corporate earnings data released as of now for the January-March quarter suggest that earnings might actually witness a significant fall from what they were a year ago. Growth has also been slowing down in core sectors as consumer demand has failed to pick up and liquidity remains a concern across the economy. Still, investors may be hoping that things could get better in the coming years as a stable government at the Centre will be able to undertake economic reforms. While the fact remains that no big-bang reforms that could give a strong boost to economic growth have been implemented in the last five years, investors may still view the NDA government as less-populist than any other realistic alternative. Trade tension between the U.S. and China is another immediate risk that will determine the direction of equity markets, including India’s, as China tries to find new markets for products that it can’t sell to Americans. Given these various uncertainties, it would be prudent not to over-read the message in the stock market fluctuations.


  1. Prospect

Meaning: the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring.

Tamil Meaning: தோற்றம் / வாய்ப்ப வளம்

Synonyms:          likelihood, hope, expectation, anticipation


Example Sentence:

  1. Alliance


Tamil Meaning:



Example Sentence:

  1. sanity

Meaning: the ability to think and behave in a normal and rational manner; sound mental health.

Tamil Meaning: நல்லறிவு / நல்லறிவு நிலை

Synonyms: soundness of mind, mental health, mental faculties

Antonyms: Insanity

Example Sentence: “I began to doubt my own sanity”

  1. shedding

Meaning: (of a tree or other plant) allow (leaves or fruit) to fall to the ground.

Tamil Meaning: கொட்டு / சிந்து

Synonyms: slough off, cast, cast off, moult

Antonyms: grow

Example Sentence: “both varieties shed leaves in winter”

  1. predicted

Meaning: stated or estimated as likely to happen in the future; forecast.

Tamil Meaning: கணித்து / வருவதுரை

Synonyms: Forecast, foretell, foresee, prophesy, divine

Antonyms: Ignore, Calculate

Example Sentence: “the predicted growth in road traffic”

  1. fuelled

Meaning: cause (a fire) to burn more intensely.

Synonyms: Power, charge, fire, stoke up

Antonyms: dampen

Example Sentence: “his resignation fuelled speculation of an imminent cabinet reshuffle”

  1. driven

Meaning: operated, moved, or controlled by a specified person or source of power.

Tamil Meaning: இயக்கப்படும்

Synonyms: Consumed, Directed, Forced

Example Sentence: “a chauffeur-driven limousine”

  1. subsequent

Meaning: coming after something in time; following.

Tamil Meaning: அடுத்தடுத்த / பின் வருகிற

Synonyms: Following, ensuing, succeeding, successive

Antonyms: previous, prior, former, prior to

Example Sentence: coming after something in time; following.

  1. exuberance

Meaning: the quality of being full of energy, excitement, and cheerfulness; ebullience.

Tamil Meaning:

Synonyms: Ebullience, buoyancy, cheerfulness, sunniness

Antonyms: gloom, meagreness

Example Sentence: “a sense of youthful exuberance”

  1. slowing down

Meaning: to be less active and relax more

Tamil Meaning: வேகத்தை குறை

Synonyms: Abate, Curtail, Decrease, Dilute

Antonyms: Develop, Grow, Lengthen, Go Up

Example Sentence: The doctor has told him to slow down or he’ll have a heart attack.

  1. liquidity

Meaning: the availability of liquid assets to a market or company.

Tamil Meaning: நீர்மை நிறை

Example Sentence: “the banks closed, causing serious liquidity problems for smaller companies”

  1. stable

Meaning: (of an object or structure) not likely to give way or overturn; firmly fixed.

Tamil Meaning: நிலையான / ஸ்திரமான

Synonyms: Firm, solid, steady, secure, fixed

Antonyms: Unstable, rickety

Example Sentence: “specially designed dinghies that are very stable”

  1. implemented

Meaning: put (a decision, plan, agreement, etc.) into effect.

Tamil Meaning: செயல்படுத்த / அமலாக்கு

Synonyms: Execute, apply, put into effect/action, put into practice

Example Sentence: “the scheme to implement student loans”

  1. prudent

Meaning: acting with or showing care and thought for the future.

Tamil Meaning: விவேகமுள்ள / ஜாக்கிரதையான

Synonyms: Wise, well judged, judicious, sagacious, sage, shrewd

Antonyms: Unwise, imprudent, incautious, extravagant

Example Sentence: “no prudent money manager would authorize a loan without first knowing its purpose”

  1. fluctuations

Meaning: an irregular rising and falling in number or amount; a variation.

Tamil Meaning: ஏற்ற இறக்கங்கள் / ஏற்ற இறக்கம்

Synonyms: variation, shift, change, alteration, swing, movement, oscillation

Antonyms: Stability

Example Sentence: “fluctuations in the yearly values could be caused by a variety of factors”

Check the other – THE HINDU EDITORIAL vocabulary words from previous days in THE HINDU EDITORIAL section which has bilingual meanings. 


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