TNPSC – Combined Engineering Services Exam Recruitment 2019 – Syllabus
TNPSC – Combined Engineering Services Exam Recruitment 2019 – Syllabus
Dear TNPSC Aspirants,
TNPSC has released the notification for the 10 posts which are available in the Combined Engineering Services Exam Recruitment 2019.
The syllabus for the TNPSC CESE (Combined Engineering Services Exam) 2019 is provided below for all the Posts.
The posts which are likely to be filled through the TNPSC CESE Recruitment 2019 are provided below.
Assistant Electrical Inspector, Assistant Engineer (Agricultural Engineering), Assistant Engineer-PWD: Water Resource/Building, Assistant Engineer (Electrical) (PWD), Assistant Director of Industrial Safety and Health, Assistant Engineer (Civil) in Highways Engineering Service, Assistant Engineer in TN Fisheries Department, Assistant Engineer (Civil) (Maritime Board) in Port Service, Junior Architect.
ARCHITECTURE – SUBJECT CODE: 324
PAPER – I (DEGREE STANDARD)
UNIT – I: THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE
Definition of Architecture, an integration of aesthetics and function.
Elements of Architecture – Form, Space, light, colour, etc.
Principles of Architecture – Proportion, Scale, balance, rhythm, symmetry, hierarchy, pattern and axis.
Functional aspects of architecture – site, structure, skin, circulation etc.[ Concepts in Architectural Design.
Understanding the meaning of character & style of buildings with examples Design Communication & Graphics
UNIT – II: HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE & CULTURE
Egyptian, West Asian, Greek & Roman Architecture – factors influencing the styles, understanding the architectural character with examples, Buddhist Architecture.
Evolution of Hindu Temple and Architectural contributions of Dravidian, Pallava, Chola,Pandya and Indo-Aryan Periods – Outstanding examples of these periods.
Development of Indo – Islamic Architecture – Delhi Sultanate, Provincial & Mughal styles.
Modern Architecture – various philosophies & schools of thought in Europe, three generations of modern architects & their contributions.
CIAM, TEAM X, Post Modern Architecture, Deconstruction, High-Tech Architecture, Critical Regionalism Architecture of India under Colonial rule – Post independent architecture of India – Contemporary World Architecture & Parametric Design.
UNIT – III : MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES
Properties, characteristics, strengths, manufacturing, components & applications of materials & methods of construction & detailing for the following – Stone – Brick & Clay Products – Lime – Cement – Mortar – Timber – Concrete – Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals – Glass – Plastics – Asphalt, Sealants & Adhesives – Protective and Decorative Coatings – Surface finishing & flooring materials – Water Proofing and Damps Proofing Materials – Rural Building Materials(Bamboo, Soil, etc.)
UNIT – IV: BUILDING SYSTEMS AND SERVICES – CURRENT DEVELOPMENT & NEW TRENDS
Water Supply & Plumbing – Sources, treatment & distribution systems, Sources of water, Quality of water & treatment methods, water requirements for different building typologies, Distribution of water – Choice of pipe materials, fittings & fixtures, Systems of plumbing in all types of buildings Types of pumps – Reciprocating, centrifugal, deepwell, submersible automatic pumps, sewerage pump, compressors vacuum pump.
Waste water & Sewage Disposal – Primary & Secondary treatments – Modern types of sewage treatment plants – Sewer line fixtures, traps, manholes & septic tanks.
Solid Waste – collection, treatment, disposal & modern drainage systems – Incinerator, Composting, Vermi composting, Sanitary Land fill, Bio-gas system & modern renewable energy systems, Modern plumbing systems – Selection of pumps & construction of pump rooms.
Electrical & Electronic Systems – Electrical installations in buildings – transformers, switch gears, sub stations, Single/Three phase supply – Types of earthling for safety, Conduits laying, Busway Bus bars, Main and distribution boards – Types of wires, wiring systems and their choice, Planning electrical wiring for building, Communication & data systems – communication spaces, pathways, cabling systems, voice & data, communication, electronic security systems, computer labs/server rooms, etc.
Lighting Design – Installation & Application in buildings.
Air conditioning – Systems & Applications – Window, Split & Packaged Units, Centralized a/c system – A/c plants, DX system, Chilled water system, Air cooled & water cooled condensers, Air distribution systems – VAV & VRV systems, Cooling towers, Fan coil units, circulation pumps, trenches & ducting – configuration, sizing & space requirements.
Vertical Movement systems – Elevators, Escalators & moving walkways – design criteria & installation.
Fire safety – Fire detection system, Fire alarm system, Fire fighting systems, Dry and wet risers, Automatic Sprinklers, Smoke detectors, NBC guidelines.
Acoustics – Fundamentals, Building design & construction measures for good hearing & sound reinforcement & surface treatment for interiors.
UNIT – V: HUMAN SETTLEMENTS PLANNING
Origin of Human settlements In India & the rest of the world – River valley civilizations(Indus Valley, Mesopotamia, Egyptian & Chinese) – Traditional planning principles in India – Vernacular architecture of India – approaches & concepts – Classical & Medieval planning in Europe – Evolution of modern planning concepts – Garden city concept, Neighbourhood concept, Geddesian triad, etc.
Elements of Human settlements – functions & linkages, Structure & form – Urban Planning & Renewal – Master planning, Zoning regulations, SEZ, PUD, Urban Renewal Plan, Redevelopment, Rehabilitation & Conservation, JNNURM. DCR, CRZ for coastal areas.
Issues in contemporary Urban planning.
UNIT – VI: URBAN STUDIES – Urban Design, Urban Housing & Conservation
Urban Design – need, aspects, scope & components of urban space – Historic urban form of Greek, Roman, Mediaeval, Renaissance & Modern & post-modern periods – Indian Urbanism – temple towns, Mughal city form, medieval cities, colonial urbanism, planned capital cities – Theorising & Reading urban space – Imageability & townscape elements, genius loci, collective memory, historic reading of the city & its artefacts by Rossi, social aspects of urban space, gender & class, contribution of Jane Jacobs, William Whyte – Issues of Urban space – URDPFI.
Housing issues in the Indian Context, Socio-Economic aspects, Housing Standards, Site Planning & Housing Design, Housing Process.
Conservation – Understanding the need & purpose, definition, Adaptive re-use, International agencies & their role in conservation – Conservation In India – Role of ASI & INTACH – policies & legislations, case studies – craft issues – Conservation practice – listing, documenting, assessing architectural character, structure report & developing guidelines – Urban Conservation – Conservation Planning – TDR, Heritage tourism.
UNIT – VII: ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES, SITE PLANNING & LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY
Environment, Ecosystems & bio-diversity – Environmental Pollution, Human population & social issues with relation to the environment – Environmental laws in India.
Site Planning – Introduction to basic terminologies, Methods of surveying, Instruments & Application, Levelling, Site Drawings, Importance of Site Analysis – On-site & off-site factors, Study of micro climate, Site Diagramming, Site Context, Site planning & Site layout principles.
Introduction to Landscape Architecture – Elements of Landscape Design – plant material, water & landforms, Garden Design – Japanese, Italian Renaissance & Mughal, Site Planning – Organisation of spaces – circulation, built form and open spaces, site planning and micro climate, site planning for neighbourhood parks, children‟s play area and campus development – Landscaping of Functional areas – Urban open spaces and principle of urban landscape – Street landscaping, landscape design for waterfront areas and functional areas in urban centers – green roofs and walls.
UNIT – VIII: CLIMATIC DESIGN & ENERGY EFFICIENT ARCHITECTURE
Climate & Human comfort, Solar Control, Heat flow through materials & building envelope design, Air movement patterns through natural & built forms, Design strategies for different climate types.
Energy Efficiency – Importance & Significance, Passive Heating & Cooling techniques, case studies, day Lighting & Natural ventilation, Use of Renewable energy systems – Current & future trends.
UNIT – IX: CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY & PROJECT MANAGEMENT
Construction systems & Practice – Construction methods & equipments, Construction Technology for High-rise buildings, Construction management.
Project Management – Introduction, Project programming & Critical path method, Cost model analysis, Programming evaluation review technique – PERT network – Computerized Project Management.
UNIT – X: PROFESSIONAL ETHICS & TOOLS FOR PRACTICE
Architectural profession – Code of conduct & ethics, role of COA & IIA – Architect‟s Services, Scale of fees, Architectural Competitions – Tender & Contracts – Legal aspects – Important Legislations & current trends.
Specification – necessity, importance, types & classification – Specification writing – Estimation (Approximate & detailed) – Current trends.
Drawing & visualization tools – image editing, 2D & 3D modelling, 3D visualization – Photoshop – AutoCad 2000 – Revit – 3D MAX – Sketch up.
AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING CODE NO: 280
UNIT-I: SURVEYING AND HYDROLOGY
Surveying – Instruments – Methods of surveying – Computation of area – Triangulation, intersection, traversing, cross staff survey – Pane table survey – Earth work computation -Simpson‟s trapezoidal rule – Levelling – Definition – Types of benchmarks – Different types of levels – Reduction of leveling data by rise and fall method and height of collimation method -Contouring – Profile surveying – Cross section survey – Use of Minor instruments – Hydrology – Measurement of rainfall, evaporation and infiltration – Estimation of runoff – Factors affecting runoff – Computation of volume of runoff and peak flow – Unit hydrograph – Occurrence of ground water, hydraulics of wells, types of wells and their construction – Well drilling – Techniques for different formations – Well logging – Types of well screen – Design of well screens – Well development – Yield testing.
UNIT-II: SOIL EROSION ANDCONSERVATION
Soil erosion – Types – Factors affecting erosion by water and wind – Stages of water erosion -Biological control measures – Biological control measures and their suitability – Contour farming, strip cropping, mixed cropping, intercropping and mulching – Mechanical control measures and their suitability – Design and construction of contour bunds, graded bunds, terraces, contour stone walls, contour trenches, staggered trenches and diversion drain – Gully control structures and check dams – Wind erosion – Types and control – Dry farming techniques for improving crop production – Estimation of soil erosion – Universal Soil Loss Equation.
UNIT-III: WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT
Watershed – Concept, types and delineation – Land capability classification – Participatory rural appraisal technique – Watershed development plan – Estimation of cost and benefits -Gully and ravine reclamation – In-situ & Ex-situ water harvesting, micro catchments – Ground water recharge – Farm pond and percolation pond – Selection of suitable soil and water conservation practices – Afforestation – Holistic planning – Watershed based rural development – Use of aerial photography and remote sensing in watershed management – Applications of GIS in planning and development of watersheds including forest cover and water resources.
UNIT-IV: IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE Irrigation – Sources – Soil- water- Plant relationship – Water requirement of crops – Measurement of irrigation water – Weirs and flumes – Methods of irrigation – Surface, sprinkler and drip irrigation – Drip irrigation – Components – Wetting pattern – Filters and Fertigation tanks – Design of laterals – Submain – Main lines – Pump capacity – Operation and maintenance – Sprinkler irrigation – Components – Sprinkler performance – Hydraulic design of sprinkler systems – Duty and delta relationship – Irrigation scheduling – Irrigation efficiencies and their estimation – Pumps – Types, selection and installation – Drainage – Causes of water logging and salt problem – Methods of drainage – Design of surface, sub-surface and vertical drainage systems – Improvement and utilization of poor quality water – Reclamation of saline and alkali soils.
UNIT-V: FARM AND IRRIGATION STRUCTURES
Design and construction of farm structures – Site selection – Materials of construction – Quality– types of masonry – Foundation, basement and superstructure – Types of roofs – building plan and estimation,requirements of farm house, threshing floor, drying floor, poultry house, dairy farm, rat proof godown and farm roads – Design features earthen dams and gravity dams – Water conveyance structures – Earthen channels and lined channels – Advantages of lining – materials of lining – Design of channel cross section – Crossing control structures – Drop spillway, chute spillway, pipe inlet spill way – Road crossing structures – Culvert, inverted siphon aqueduct – Their uses – Underground pipe line system – Components and their functions – Structures for plant environment – Green houses, polyhouses and shadenets – Construction and utilization – Soil less culture.
UNIT-VI: FARM POWER
Agricultural mechanization – Scope and sources of farm power – Animate and electromechanical – Thermodynamics – Construction and working of internal combustion engines – Fuel, ignition, lubrication, cooling, air intake, exhaust, governing and electrical systems of IC engines – Different types of tractors and power tillers – Power transmission, ground drive, power takeoff, steering, brake, implement control and hydraulic systems – Bulldozer – Features, traction, suspension, steering, operations using bulldozer – Weight transfer, theory of traction – Tractive efficiency – Mechanics and stability – Care and maintenance of tractors.
UNIT- VII: FARM MACHINERY
Farm machinery – Primary tillage implements – Mould board plough, disc plough and chisel plough – Secondary tillage implements – Cultivators, harrows and rotary tillers – Land shaping machinery – Leveller, ridger and bund former – Sowing and transplanting – Seed drills, planters and rice transplanters – Interculture implements – Plant protection equipment – Sprayers and dusters – Harvesting, threshing and combining equipment – Machinery for earth moving and land development – Machinery for horticulture, agro-forestry and forages – Haulage of agricultural and forest produces – Management of farm machinery – Cost estimation for farm operations.
UNIT-VIII: UNIT OPERATIONS IN FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL PROCESSING Heat transfer principles – Conduction, convection and radiation – Types of heat exchangers – Unit operations – Evaporators – Types – Mechanical separation – Filtration – Sedimentation – Settling – Centrifugal separation – Cyclone separation
- Size reduction – Mixing – Blending – emulsification – Food processing operations
- Pasteurization – Sterilization – Canning – Retort processing – Extrusion processing of foods – Methods of drying of foods – Preservation of food by irradiation – Microwave and dielectric heating – Fats and oil processing – Extraction methods and equipments – Food packaging – Materials and characteristics – Suitability – Processing of milk and milk products, packaging of milk – Principles of refrigeration and applications in food industries – Cold storage of fruits and vegetables – Design aspects.
UNIT- IX: PROCESS ENGINEERING OF AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL CROPS
Engineering properties of food materials – Moisture content – Methods of determination – Psychrometry – Drying – Thin layer and deep bed drying – Types of heat sources and types of dryers – Cleaning and grading – Principles – Separators – Efficiency – Performance index – Shelling and decortication – Seed processing and layout of seed processing units – Rice processing – Parboiling and dehusking of paddy – Machines used – Milling of wheat, corn and pulses – Material handling equipments – Conveyors and elevators – Storage – Conditions for safe storage – Bag and bulk storage – Silo storage – Design aspects – Modified atmosphere storage – Storage structures – Equipments used for processing of horticultural crops – Preservation of fresh fruits and vegetables – Drying and dehydration – Processing of coffee, tea, rubber, cashew nut, coconut, oil palm, aromatic plants, flowers and spices.
UNIT-X: RENEWABLE AND BIOENERGY
Solar energy – Solar collectors – Air heaters – Water heaters – Solar photovoltaic systems and applications – Wind energy – Suitable sites – Types of wind mills – Wind mill components – Applications – Performance of wind mills – Biomass resources – Agro residues – Characteristics – Conversion technologies – Biochemical conversion – Biogas plant – Types and selection, construction, operation and maintenance – Slurry handling – Thermochemical conversion – Stoves – Types – Improved stoves – Pyrolysis – Charcoal production – Gasification– Briqueitting – Cogeneration – Energy plantation and environmental impact – Global warming – Clean development mechanism (CDM) and role of afforestation – Biofuels – Biodiesel feedstock, production and by-product utilization – Ethanol – Production and utilization – Emission – Standards and control.
AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING (Code No: 258)
UNIT – I: ENGINES
Petrol engine – principle and construction – diesel engine- principle and construction – four stroke and two stroke. Carburettors – types, working principle, different circuits – compensation circuits. Cooling system – air and water cooling system- forced circulation and pressure cooling system. Lubrication system – pressure lubrication – splash lubrication – wet and dry sump lubrication. Properties of lubricants and coolants. Combustion in SI and CI engines – stages of combustion –flame propagation – detonation in SI engine and knocking in CI engines. Combustion chambers – Turbo and super chargers.
UNIT – II: AUTOMOTIVE CHASSIS
Types of chassis layout – various types of frames – front axles – types, stub axle, front wheel geometry – Ackermann & Davis steering mechanism – steering gear boxes. Power Assisted steering. Hutch kiss and torque tube drive. Propeller shaft – final drive – types. Differential –principle and construction details- non slip differential – differential lock. Rear axle – types – full floating – ¾ quarter & semi. Wheels and rims – types and construction. Tyres – types and construction details.
UNIT – III: SUSPENSION AND BRAKING SYSTEM
Suspension system – requirements – types – construction details of Single leaf and multi leaf coil and torsion bar springs. Rubber, pneumatic and hyroelastic suspension. Independent suspension – shock absorbers. Braking system – need, stopping distance, classification of brakes. Drum brake and disc brake theory. Mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electric and power assisted braking system. Retarders.
UNIT – IV: AUTOMOTIVE TRANSMISSION
Clutches – coils spring, diaphragm clutches – centrifugal and semi centrifugal clutches – multiplate clutches. Gear box – sliding mesh, constant mesh and synchromesh – construction and operation. Automatic transmission – fluid coupling, torque converter, epicycle gear box, hydrostatic transmission, electric drive.
UNIT – V: AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS
Battery – types, lead acid battery, battery charging, rating, and testing. Ignition system – coil, magneto and electronic ignition system – principle and operation. Spark plug – Automobile Air conditioning, power windows and central locking system – starting system – types of drives – bendix drive, solenoid drive system – charging system – generator system – types – alternator, principle and operation of cut-out and regulators. Sensors – electronic suspension – electronic steering systems. Navigation system – ABS – AIRBAG restraint system.
UNIT – VI: VEHICLE BODY ENGINEERING
Classification of cars, buses, HCVs and LCVs – visibility – forward and rearward visibility – safety – design – safety equipments. Aerodynamics of vehicles – different types of drags – optimization techniques – wind tunnel testing for drag force and pressure distribution. Construction of cars – panels . Construction of buses –conventional and integral construction. Driver‟s seat – compactness of driver‟s cab – segmental design – modern painting processes for cars. Body trim items. Body mechanism – window winding – door lock.
UNIT – VII: VEHICLE DYNAMICS
Concept of vibration – free, forced, undamped and damped vibration. Response analysis of single DOF, Two DOF and multi DOF. Vibration absorbers. Tyres – tyre forces and moments – longitudinal and lateral force at various slip angles. Tractive and cornering properties of tyres. Human response to vibration. Design and analysis of passive, semi active and active suspension using quarter car, half car and full car models. Steady state handling characteristics – directional control of vehicle. Stability of vehicle.
UNIT – VIII : VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEMS
Degree of freedom for vehicle control – calculation of the control – degree of freedom. Selection of control, manipulator and measured disturbances variables. General types of vehicle controllers configuration. Dynamic behaviour of first order and second order vehicle system – dynamic responses characteristics of vehicle systems. Basic control modes – proportional control – integral control. PID controls. Lambda control – knock control – adaptive knock control – drive line modeling – active suspension control.
UNIT – IX : AUTOMOTIVE POLLUTION AND CONTROL
Pollutants – sources, formation and effects on environment and human beings. Emission standards. HC,CO and NO formation in SI engines. Smoke emission and NOx emissions and its types from diesel engine. Particulate emissions. Control techniques – EGR, SCR, Secondary air induction, particulate trap and catalytic converters. Test procedures CVS1, CVS3 – Test cycles. NDIR analyser – flame ionization detectors – chemiluminescent analyser – dilution tunnels – gas chromatograph – smoke meters.
UNIT – X : SERVICING&MAINTENANCE, MOTOR VEHICLE ACT
Automobile law – motor vehicle act – registration, driving licence, insurance, pollution and control, regulation. Trouble shooting and servicing of clutch, gear box, brakes, suspension and steering system. Trouble shooting and servicing of engine, engine cooling system and lubrication system – tools and equipments required for repairs – service station – organization and management of service stations.
Chemical Engineering – Code No. 260
UNIT-I: CHEMICAL PROCESS CALCULATIONS AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
Properties of gases liquids and solids, Humidity and saturation, Gas laws, Material and Energy balances- involving recycle, by pass and purge systems, Material and Energy balance with reactions. Thermodynamics functions – Chemical and Phase Equilibrium – Laws of Thermodynamics – Ideal and non-ideal gases and solutions – fugacity, partial molal properties.
UNIT- II: MECHANICAL OPERATIONS AND ENGINEERING MATERIALS
Size Reduction, law, particle size Analysis, Mixing and agitation, Filtration, Sedimentation and Settling, Materials of construction for chemical Industries, Metallic, Non-metallic and Polymeric materials, corrosion. Grinding, Law. Smart materials for Chemical Engineering applications.
UNIT- III: CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
Acids, Fertilizers, marine Chemicals, Cement, Glass, Ceramic and Refractories.Petroleum Refining Products, Fermentation Products, Oils, Soaps and Detergents, Pulp and paper, Dyes, sugar, leather and rubber. Potential for energy resources, energy conversion, solar, thermal, photoelectric, ocean, geothermal, wind energy, bio-energy sources, battery and fuel Cells.
UNIT -IV: TRANSFER OPERATIONS
Momentum: Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluids, Compressible and in-compressible fluids flow through packed bed, Fluidized bed and closed ducts, Fluid Machinery. Heat transfer: conduction, convection and radiation, Heat transfer with phase change, heat exchangers, Evaporation. Mass transfer: Diffusion, Theories of mass transfer, Inter phase mass transfer, Analogy. Distillation, Extraction, Absorption, Adsorption, Drying.
UNIT – V: CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING
Chemical Kinetics, Rate equations, Interpretation of rate data, Design of reactors, order of reaction, Catalysis, Thermal characteristics of reactors. Isothermal and adiabatic fixed bed reactors, non-isothermal and non-adiabatic fixed bed reactors. Two-phase fluidized bed model, slurry reactors, trickle bed reactor. Experimental determination and evaluation of reaction kinetics for heterogeneous systems.
UNIT – VI: INSTRUMENTATION AND PROCESS CONTROL
Principles of measurements and classification of process instruments, measurement of temperature, pressure, fluid flow, liquid weight and weight flow rate, viscosity, pH, concentration, electrical and thermal conductivity, humidity of gases. Laplace transformation, application to solve ODEs. Open-loop systems, first order systems, first order systems in series, linearization and its application in process control, second order systems and their dynamics; transportation lag. Closed loop control systems, feed-back control systems, BODE diagram, stability criterion, tuning of controller settings, cascade control, feed forward control, Smith predictor controller, control of distillation towers and heat exchangers.
UNIT – VII: NUMERICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL METHODS
Curve fitting, Equations with real and rational Coefficients, Imaginary roots and irrational roots, Transformation of equations. Numerical solutions of linear and non linear algebraic equations- solution of initial value and boundary value ordinary and non-linear differential equations, solution of partial differential equations. Partial Differential equation – finite element, finite difference method. Matrix, determinants and properties – Elementary Row transformations algebraic equations; ordinary differential equations and non homogeneous first order ordinary differential equations rank of Matrix – Eigen value problems, Orthogonal and orthonormal vectors; Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization; Theorem for Eigenvalues and Eigenfunctions.
UNIT – VIII: SEPARATION OPERATIONS
Crystallization, Membrane separation processes. frame, tubular, spiral wound and hollow fibre membrane reactors, dialysis, reverse osmosis, nano/ultra filtration, microfiltration. Ion Exchange chromatography and electrodialysis, Separations involving pervaporation and permeation techniques for solids, liquids and gases, supercritical fluid extraction.
UNIT-IX: ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND SAFETY IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES
Air, Water and soil pollution, causes, effects and remedies, Nuclear waste disposal, Noise control, Wastewater treatment by various methods: Chemical, biochemical and advanced oxidation process. Industrial hygiene, occupational safety. Industrial safety principles, site selection and plant layout, chemical hazards classification, Safety in operations and processes, hazardous identification techniques.
UNIT – X: DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION
Problem formulation, degree of freedom analysis, objective functions, Simplex method, Barrier method, sensitivity analysis, Convex and concave functions, unconstrained NLP, Newton‟s method, Quasi-Newton‟s method, Direct substitution, Quadratic programming, Cost estimation, Plant utilities, Heat exchanger networks, Pinch technology.
CIVIL ENGINEERING CODE NO: 261
UNIT – I : BUILDING MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES
Properties of engineering materials-brick, stones, aggregates, cement (types and grades), concrete (mix design), Concrete admixtures, Self compacting Concrete, steel and new materials. – Construction of stone masonry, brick masonry and R.C.C. and block masonry – construction equipments – Building bye – laws and Development regulations practiced in Tamil Nadu – Provisions for fire safety, lighting and ventilation- Acoustics.
UNIT – II : ENGINEERING SURVEY
Survey – computation of areas – Chain Survey – Compass surveying – Plane table survey – levelling – fly levelling – L.S. and C.S. – Contour volumes – Theodolite survey – Traversing – Heights and Distances – Geodetic Observations- Tachometry and Triangulation – Use of EDM, GPS and Remote sensing techniques.
UNIT- III : STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
Stresses and strains -Thermal stresses- elastic constants – Beams and bending – Bending moment and shear force in beams – Theory of simple bending – deflection of beams – torsion – Combined stresses – stresses on inclined planes – Principal stresses and principal planes – Theories of Failure – Analysis of plane trusses.
UNIT – IV : STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
Indeterminate beams – Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis – Slope deflection – Moment Distribution method – Arches and suspension cables – Theory of columns – moving loads and influence lines – Matrix method- Stability of retaining walls – plastic theory.
UNIT – V : GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
Formation of soils – types of soils – classification of soils for engineering practice – Field identification of soils – Physical properties of soils – Three phase diagram – permeability characteristics of soils – stress distribution in soils – Theory of consolidation, shear strength parameters of soils – Compaction of soils. Soil exploration – Soil sampling techniques – Borelog profile – shallow foundations – Terzhagi’s bearing capacity theory – Pile foundation – Group action of piles – settlement of foundations.
UNIT – VI : ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND POLLUTION CONTROL
Sources of water – Ground water Hydraulics – Characteristics of water – Water analysis – water treatment – water borne diseases. Sewerage system – Design of sewerage systems – sewer appurtenances – Pumping of sewage – sewage treatment and disposal – Industrial waste treatment – solid waste management – Air, water and Noise pollution control- e waste management.
UNIT – VII: DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE, PRESTRESSED CONCRETE AND STEEL STRUCTURES
Design of concrete members – limit state and working stress design concepts – design of slabs – one way, two way and flat slabs – Design of singly and doubly reinforced sections and flanged sections -design of columns and footings – pre-stressing – systems and methods- post tensioning slabs – Design of pre-stressed members for flexure. Design of tension and compression members – Design of Bolted and welded connections design of members of Truss – designs of columns and bases – design of beams, plate girders and gantry girder.
UNIT – VIII : HYDRAULICS AND WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING
Hydrostatics-applications of Bernoulli equation – flow measurement in channels, Applications of Momentum equation, Kinematics of flow. Water resources in Tamil Nadu – Water resource planning – Master plan for water management flood control–Runoff estimation – hydrograph – flood routing – Soil plant water relationship – Water requirement of crops – Irrigation methods –Design of alluvial canal and design of headworks. Waterlogging and land reclamation – Cross drainage works.
UNIT – IX : URBAN AND TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
Urbanisation trend and impact – Slum clearance and slum improvement programmes – Different modes of transport and their characteristics. Geometric design of highways. –Design and Construction of bituminous and concrete roads – Maintenance of roads. Railways-Components of permanent way – Signalling, Interlocking and train control. Airport planning-Components of Airport – Site selection – Runways – Planning of terminal buildings. Harbours & Ports- Layout of a harbour – Docks – Breakwaters.
UNIT – X : PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND ESTIMATING
Construction management – Construction planning – Scheduling and monitoring – Cost control, Quality control and inspection – Network analysis – CPM and PERT methods of project management – Resources planning and resource management. Types of estimates – Preparation of technical specifications and tender documents – Building valuation – law relating to contracts and arbitration.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING CODE NO: 259
UNIT – I: ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS
Circuit elements – Kirchoff‟s Laws – Mesh and Nodal Analysis – Network Theorems and Applications for DC and AC circuits: Thevenin‟s Theorem, Norton‟s Theorem, Superposition Theorem, Maximum Power Transfer Theorem – Sinusoidal Steady State Analysis of RL-RC-RLC Circuits- Resonant Circuits – Natural and Forced Response – Transient Response of RL-RC-RLC Circuits-Two-port networks – Three Phase Circuits.
UNIT – II: ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS
Coulomb’s Law-Electric Field Intensity-Electric Flux Density-Gauss’s Law-Divergence – Electric Field and Potential due to Point, Line, Plane and Spherical Charge Distributions – Effect of Dielectric Medium – Capacitance of Simple Configurations. Magnetic Circuits- Magnetomotive force – Reluctance-Faraday‟s laws-Lenz‟s law–Biot‐ Savart‟s law – Ampere‟s law – Fleming‟s Left and Right Hand Rule-Lorentz force – Inductance – Self and Mutual Inductance-Dot Convention-Coupled Circuits.
UNIT – III: MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION
Units and Standards – Static and Dynamic Characteristics-Types of Errors-Error Analysis – Measurement of Current, Voltage, Power, Power-factor and Energy – Indicating instruments – Measurement of Resistance, Inductance, Capacitance and Frequency – Bridge Measurements – Instrument Transformers-Electronic Measuring Instruments – Multi meters-True RMS meter-Spectrum Analyzer-Power Quality Analyser- Recording Instruments-X-Y Recorder-Magnetic Recorders-Digital Data Recorder-Oscilloscopes-LED and LCD Display-Transducers and their applications to the Measurement of Non-Electrical Quantities like Temperature, Pressure, Flow-rate, Displacement, Acceleration, Noise level –– Data Acquisition Systems – A/D and D/A Converters- Data Transmission Systems.
UNIT – IV: CONTROL SYSTEMS
Mathematical Modelling of Physical Systems – Transfer Function – Block Diagrams and Signal Flow Graphs and their Reduction using Mason‟s Rule – Time Domain and Frequency Domain Analysis of Linear Time Invariant (LTI) System – Errors for Different Type of Inputs and Stability Criteria for Feedback Systems – Stability Analysis Using Routh-Hurwitz Array – Nyquist Plot and Bode Plot – Root Locus – Gain and Phase Margin – Basic Concepts of Compensator Design – PI,PD and PID Controllers-State Variable Matrix – System Modeling and Design – Sampled Data System – Stability of Sampled Data System.
UNIT –V: ELECTRICAL MACHINES
D.C. Machines – Construction, Excitation methods – Armature Reaction and Commutation – Characteristics and Performance Analysis – Generators and Motors – Starting and Speed Control – Testing – Losses and Efficiency. Transformers-Types-Construction and Operation- Testing – Equivalent Circuits – Losses and Efficiency-All day efficiency – Regulation – Parallel Operation – Three Phase Transformers – Auto-transformer. Induction Machines – Construction, Principle of operation – Rotating Magnetic Field – Performance, Torque-Speed Characteristics, No-load and Blocked Rotor tests, Equivalent Circuit, – Starting and Speed Control – Single-Phase Induction Motors – Linear Induction Motors – Hysteresis Motors – Reluctance Motors. Synchronous Machines – Construction – Operating characteristics and Performance analysis – Efficiency and Voltage regulation – Parallel operation – V and inverted V curves of synchronous motors – Power factor improvement-BLDC Motor.
UNIT –VI: POWER SYSTEMS
Single Line Diagram of Power System-Per Unit Quantities-Power Generation Types-– Hydro, Thermal and Nuclear Stations – Pumped storage plants – Co generation– Economic and operating factors – Modelling and performance characteristics of Power transmission lines and Cables-HVDC transmission– Mechanical Design of Transmission Lines-Sag-Insulators – ZBus and YBus formulation – Load flow studies –– Shunt and Series Compensation- Symmetrical and Un symmetrical Faults Analysis – Transient and Steady-State Stability of Power Systems – Equal Area Criterion-Voltage and Frequency Control – Power System Transients – Power System Protection – Circuit Breakers – Relays –AC and DC Distribution.
UNIT –VII: ANALOG AND DIGITAL ELECTRONICS
Semiconductor Devices – PN junctions – Transistors – FET – Zener, Photo diodes and their applications – Rectifier circuits – Voltage regulators – Multipliers. Biasing circuits – Small signal amplifiers – Frequency response – Multistage amplifiers – Coupling methods – Large signal amplifiers – Push-pull amplifiers – Feedback amplifiers – Oscillators – Operational amplifiers and its applications – Precision rectifiers – Multivibrators – Voltage Controlled Oscillator-Timer. Digital logic gate families (DTL,TTL,ECL,MOS,CMOS) – Logic gates – Simplification of Logic Functions- Design of Combination circuits – Sequential logic circuits-latch–Flip-flops– Counters – Registers – Memories(ROM,PLA and FPGA).
UNIT – VIII: POWER ELECTRONICS AND DRIVES
Power Semiconductor devices – Ideal and practical attributes of switch – Power Diode-DIAc – SCRs-TRIAC-GTO – power MOSFET-IGBT- Static Characteristics and Principles of Operation–Single and Three Phase AC to DC Converters – Single and Three Phase AC to AC converters –DC to DC Converters (MOSFET and IGBT based) – Single and Three Phase Inverters (MOSFET and IGBT based) – Pulse Width Modulation – Sinusoidal Modulation with Uniform Sampling – Uninterrupted Power Supplies-Switched Mode Power Supplies – Speed Control of DC and AC Motor Drives– Applications of Variable Speed Drives
UNIT –IX: DIGITAL PROCESSORS AND COMMUNICATION
Architecture of 8085, 8086 and 8051 – Instruction Sets – Assembly Language Programming – Interfacing for memory and I/O: 8255 Programmable Peripheral Interface – 8253 Programmable Timer Interface – 8279 Programmable Keyboard and Display Interface – 8257 Direct Memory Access Interface – Embedded processors(ARM and PIC basics only).Classification of Signals – Properties of Discrete Fourier Transforms – FFT Computation – FIR Filters – IIR Filters: Butterworth Filters – Chebyshev Filters.
Digital Communication Systems: Pulse Code Modulation and Demodulation – Adaptive Delta Modulation – Frequency Division and Time Division Multiplexing – Data Communication Network Topologies – 7-layer OSI Protocol.
UNIT –X: RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES AND STORAGE DEVICES
Renewable Energy – Sources and Features – Solar Radiation Spectrum – Radiation Measurement-Solar Photovoltaic Cell -Operating Principle- Microhydel – Operating principle- Wind Energy Source- Wind Patterns and Wind Data- Site Selection-Types of Wind Generators-Fuel Cells-Batteries-Super Capacitors.
MECHANICAL/PRODUCTION/MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING CODE NO: 256
UNIT – I : MECHANICS, KINETICS AND DYNAMICS
Statics of Particles, Equilibrium of Rigid bodies, Properties of Surfaces and Solids, Dynamics of Particles, Friction and Elements of Rigid Body Dynamics, Basics of Mechanisms, Kinematics of mechanisms, gyroscope, Gears and Gear Trains, Friction in Machine Elements, Force Analysis, Balancing, Single Degree Free Vibration, Forced Vibration, mechanisms for Control and Vibration.
UNIT – II : STRENGTH OF MATERIALS AND DESIGN
Stress, Strain and Deformation of Solids, Transverse Loading on Beams and Stresses in Beams, Torsion, Deflection of Beams, Energy Principles, Thin Cylinders and Thick Cylinders, Spherical Shells, Fundamentals of Design for Strength and Stiffness of Machine Members, Design of Shafts and Couplings, Design of Fasteners and Welded Joints, Design of Springs, Design of Bearings, Design of Flywheels, Design of Transmission Systems for Flexible Elements, Spur Gears and Parallel Axis Helical Gears, Bevel Gears, Worm Gears and Crossed Helical Gears, Design of single and two stage speed reducers, Design of cam, Clutches and Brakes.
UNIT – III : FLUID MECHANICS AND TURBO MACHINERY
Fluid properties, fluid statics, manometry, buoyancy, control volume analysis of mass, momentum and energy, fluid acceleration, differential equations of continuity and momentum, Bernoulli‟s equation, viscous flow of incompressible fluids, boundary layer,elementary turbulent flow, flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends etc. Turbomachinery: Pelton wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbines – impulse and reaction principles – velocity diagrams.
UNIT – IV : THERMODYNAMICS
Basic concepts, Zeroth, First and Second laws of thermodynamics, thermodynamic system and processes, Carnot cycle. irreversibility and availability, behaviour of ideal and real gases, thermodynamic relations, properties of pure substances, calculation of work and heat in ideal processes, analysis of thermodynamic cycles related to energy conversion, Fuel and combustion.
UNIT – V : HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER
Modes of heat transfer one dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept, electrical analogy, unsteady heat conduction, fins dimensionless parameters in free and forced convective heat transfer, various correlations for heat transfer in flow over flat plates and through pipes thermal boundary layer effect of turbulence radiative heat transfer, black and grey surfaces, shape factors, network analysis; heat exchanger performance, LMTD and NTU methods.
Basic Concepts of Mass transfer, Diffusion Mass Transfer, Fick‟s Law of Diffusion Steady state Molecular diffusion, Convective Mass Transfer, Momentum, Heat and Mass Transfer Analogy, Convective Mass Transfer Correlations.
Applications: Power Engineering: Steam Tables, Rankine, Brayton cycles with regeneration and reheat.
I.C. Engines: air-standard Otto, Diesel cycles.
Refrigeration and air-conditioning: Vapour refrigeration cycle, heat pumps, gas refrigeration, Reverse Brayton cycle; moist air: psychometric chart, basic psychometric processes.
UNIT – VI : MATERIALS SCIENCE AND METALLURGY
Constitution of alloys and phase diagrams, steels, cast iron, TTT diagram, heat treatment of ferrous and non-ferrous metal, surface modification techniques, non-metallic materials, mechanical properties and testing, crystal defects and strengthening mechanisms, conducting and semi conducting materials, magnetic and dielectric materials, Engineering ceramics, Engineering and commodity polymers, composites.
UNIT – VII : PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Foundry Technology- types of pattern, moulding and casting methods, design of castings, defects, Hot and Cold working, metal forming processes- types and defects, metal joining processes, types and design of weldment, welding metallurgy, welding defects, Metal cutting, machine tools – center lathe, drilling,milling, grinding, gear cutting and broaching, unconventional machining processes, CNC machine tools, Part programming.
UNIT – VIII : METROLOGY AND QUALITY CONTROL
Linear and angular measurements, Interferometry, laser interferometers , Types, Computer Aided Inspection, Basic concept of CMM- Types of CMM, Machine vision, Form measurement-Straightness – Flatness, Roundness, Surface finish measurement, contact and non contact method, Measurement of power, flow and temperature.Statistical quality control, control charts, acceptance sampling, reliability, TQM, 5S, ISO standards.
UNIT – IX : CAD / CAM / CIM / FEA
Fundamentals of Computer Graphics, Geometric Modeling, Visual Realism, Assembly of Parts, CAD Standards, Fundamentals of CIM, Production Planning and Control and Computerized Process Planning, Cellular Manufacturing, Flexible Manufacturing System and Automated Guided Vehicle System, Industrial Robotics, Additive manufacturing, Just in Time(JIT), lean manufacturing, One Dimensional Problems in FEA, Two Dimensional Scalar Variable Problems, Two dimensional vector variable Problems, Isometric Parametric Formulation.
UNIT – X : INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
Work study – techniques, Method study – objectives – basic procedure, work measurement – objectives – basic procedure, machine loading and scheduling, product sequencing, inventory control – E O Q – quantity discounts, ABC Analysis material handling systems, operations research, simplex method, Transportation model, Assignment model CPM and PERT. Management theory and practice, planning – nature and purpose of Planning, Decision making, Organising, staffing, Motivation, Leadership, controlling, control techniques.
ELECTRONICS / ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING SUBJECT CODE:304
UNIT – I: SEMICONDUCTOR THEORY AND ELECTRONIC DEVICES
Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, Energy Band Diagrams, Diffusion and Drift current densities, Hall effect. PN junction diode, current equation, Transition and Diffusion capacitances, Zener diode, Tunnel diode, Varactor diode, Photo diode, Schottky diode, LED, BJT, FET, JFET, MOSFET, SCR, UJT, TRIAC, IC fabrication.
UNIT – II: CIRCUIT THEORY, SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS
Kirchoff‟s laws, Nodal and Mesh analysis, Network theorems: Superposition, Thevenin, Norton, Maximum Power Transfer, Miller; Delta-Wye conversion,Transients and resonance in RLC circuits, Magnetically coupled circuits, Mutual inductance.
Continuous and Discrete time signals, Energy and power signals, Fourier series, Fourier transform analysis of continuous time signals and systems, Laplace transform analysis, Convolution integral, DTFT and Z transform analysis of discrete time signals and systems, Convolution sum, Recursive and Non-recursive systems, Sampling Theorem.
UNIT – III: ANALOG ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS
BJT, JFET, MOSFET amplifiers: Biasing analysis, Small signal analysis and frequency response, BJT and MOSFET Multistage amplifiers: Differential, Darlington, cascode and cascade; Feedback amplifiers, Tuned amplifiers, RC and LC oscillators, Power amplifiers. Rectifiers and wave shaping circuits, Operational Amplifier characteristics and applications, CMRR, Slewrate, Waveform generators, Active filters, Timers, PLL, VCO, ADC, DAC, Regulators and Converters.
UNIT- IV: CONTROL SYSTEMS AND INSTRUMENTATION
Control system components, feedback, transfer function, transient and steadyanalysis of LTI systems, Frequency response, Bode, Polar, Nyquist plots, Routh- Hurwitz and Nyquist stabilities, Lag, Lead, Lag-lead compensation, State variable model.
UNIT – V: ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION
AM, FM, PM modulation and demodulation, Superheterodyne receiver, AGC, PAM, PWM and PPM, Entropy, Mutual information, Channel capacity, PCM, DPCM, ADPCM, DM, ADM, Source encoding techniques, TDM and FDM, line coding techniques, ASK, FSK, PSK, QPSK, QAM –Bandwidth, SNR, BER, Error Probability, Eye Diagram, Bandpass Sampling, clock and carrier synchronization, Error control coding, Spread spectrum modulation methods.
UNIT – VI: ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND ANTENNAS
Theorems: Divergence, Stokes, Coulomb; Poisson and Laplace Equation, Ampere‟s law, Biot-Savort law, Gauss law for magnetic fields, Maxwell‟s equations, Displacement current, Uniform plane waves, Polarization, reflection and refraction of plane waves at different boundaries, Poynting vector.
Transmission line equation, Characteristic impedance, impedance matching, Smith chart, Attenuators and Equalizers, Lattice diagram, TE, TM and Tem waves,Rectangular guides, Dielectric slab wave guides, TE and TM wave in circular guides, Cavity resonator and Q for dominant mode. Antennas: Diploe, Horn, Reflector, Slot, spiral, logperiodic microstrip; Broadside and End fire array, adaptive array, antenna gain, radiation pattern, polarization, VSWR,Radiowave propagation.
UNIT – VII: COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
Wireless Link budget, Wireless channel characteristics: coherence bandwidth, Doppler spread; Flat, Frequency selective, Fast and slow fading; FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, Capacity calculation, Frequency reuse, Channel assignment, Handoff, trunking and grade of service. Minimum shift keying Gaussian Minimum shift keying, OFDM, cyclic prefix, PAPR, Adaptive equalization, Diversity, Rake receiver, MIMO Systems, Beam forming, Capacity in fading and non-fading channels. Microwave signal generation: Klysttron, Magnetron, TWT, GUNN Diode, IMPATT,
TRAPATT; Devices: Directional Coupler, T Junctions, Isolator, Circulator, Couplers, Irisis, Probes. Microwave transistors –Stability analysis, Microwave measurements – power, VSWR, Frequency, Dielectric constant. Light Propagation in optical fibres, Ray and mode theory, Fibre structure, Fibre materials, merits of optical fibre communication, Fibre attenuation and dispersion characteristics, Materials for optical sources, LED and LASER Diodes, Optical detection, PIN and Avalanche Photo diodes, WDM Concept, optical networks. Satellite orbits –Kepler‟s laws, Geostationary satellite, transponders, GPS receiver DBS/DTH. OSI/TCP/IP model – functions and protocols of layers, Routing algorithms, Congestion control algorithms, MAC Protocols.
UNIT – VIII: DIGITAL SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING
DFT, FFT, Overlap and save methods, Butterworth and chebyshev filters, impulse invariant and bilinear transform methods, realization structures, FIR design methods, product quantization, limit cycle oscillations, scaling, Decimation and interpolation, multirate signal processing. Brightness, Contrast, Hue, Saturation, RGB, HSI Models, Mach band Effect, Image sampling, DCT, Histogram Equilzation, Mean and median filters, Region growing segmentation, JPEG standard.
UNIT – IX: VLSI AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
CMOS inverter, Combinational logic circuits, Elmore‟s Constant, Pass transistor logic, Power dissipation, static and dynamic registers. Clock strategies, synchronous and Asynchronous Circuits, Adders and multipliers, PLA, PAL,FPGA. Architecture and instruction set of 8085, 8086 and 8051, assembly language programming. Microprocessor based systems. ARM processor family – architecture, Multiple tasks, multiprocesses and multiprocessors. Scheduling, power optimization strategies, I2C, CAN bus.
UNIT – X: COMPUTER ENGINEERING
Number systems, Boolean algebra, Karnaugh map, logic gates, Adders, magnitude comparator, Decoder, Encoder, Mux, Demux, Fliplops, Counters, shift register, Synchronous sequential circuits, Asynchronous sequential circuits, ROM, EPROM,EEPROM.
Fundamentals of Computer architecture, Data path and control unit design, RAM, Optical, Cache and Virtual Memories, Memory allocation, Associative memory, DMA, interrupts, RISC and CISC processors.
TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY (DEGREE STANDARD) CODE NO: 306
Unit – I: Fibre Identification and Blend analysis
- Textile fibre Classification.
- Fine, gross structure and properties of fibres
- Microscopic, physical and chemical test methods for fibre identification; blend analysis
- Morphology characterization – Density, XRD, Electron microscopy
- Thermal characterization methods – DSC, DMA / TMA, TGA
Unit – II: Physical Properties of Fibres
- Mechanical – Tensile, Elastic recovery,Time Effect, Bending,Twisting & Compression
- Optical – Absorption and dichroism, Reflection and lustre.
- Electrical and Thermal Properties – Dielectric property, Static Electricity, Structural changes in fibres on thermal treatment
Unit – III: Synthetic Fibre Spinning and Post Spinning Operations
- Requirements of fibre forming polymers
- Spinning of Polymers – Melt Spinning, Wet spinning, Dry spinning
- Post Spinning Operations – Drawing, Crimping, Heat setting, Tow-to-top conversion, Texturing methods
Unit – IV: Spinning:
- Principles of opening, cleaning and mixing/blending of fibrous materials
- Draft and Drafting, Irregularity introduced by drafting
- Roller arrangements in drafting systems;
- Combing cycle, combing efficiency, lap preparation;
- Mechanism of roving bobbin building, roving twist;
- Ring Cop formation, forces acting on yarn and traveller;
- Single and folded yarn twist, production of core spun / compact spun yarn.
- Alternate Spinning systems – rotor spinning, air jet spinning, friction spinning.
- Principles of long staple spinning – Jute, Wool
Unit – V: Weaving:
- Warp winding – random and precision winding, winding parameters
- Yarn clearers and Tensioners; yarn splicing
- Types of warping – beam and sectional warping, pirn winding process;
- Sizing Techniques, sizing of spun and filament yarns
- Primary, Secondary and Tertiary motions of loom, Loom timings.
- Tappet, Dobby and Jacquard shedding;
- Principles of Shuttleless Weft insertion systems.
- Principles of Circular and Multiphase weaving
- Basic woven fabric constructions and its derivatives
Unit – VI: Testing & Quality Control:
- Sample selection techniques using statistics.
- Measurement of fibre length, strength , fineness, maturity
- HVI and AFIS techniques
- Determination of yarn count, twist and hairiness
- Tensile testing of fibres, yarns and fabrics
- Evenness testing of slivers, rovings and yarns
- fabric properties – air permeability, drape, crease recovery, tear / bursting strength & abrasion.
- Objective Evaluation of fabric hand – FAST and KESF
- Statistical analysis of experimental results – Mean, SD, CV%
Unit – VII: Chemical Processing:
- Preparatory processes for natural fibres, synthetics and common blends
- Dyeing of fibres using various dye classes.
- Batch-wise and continuous dyeing techniques
- Styles of printing. Printing thickeners and auxiliaries.
- Printing of cotton with reactive dyes.
- Printing of polyester with disperse dyes.
- Mechanical and chemical finishing of cotton
Unit – VIII: Knitting & Garments:
- Knitting – Yarn quality requirements, principles of weft and warp knitting
- Basic weft and warp knitted structures and its properties
- Garments – Pattern making, Spreading, Cutting, Marker efficiency
- Stitches and Seams
- Types of Sewing machine
- Sewing thread attributes
- Inspection and Merchandising
Unit – IX: Nonwovens & Technical Textiles:
- Nonwovens – Web formation
- Bonding methods – mechanical, thermal and chemical.
- Finishing and Application of nonwovens
- Technical Textiles – Property requirements
- Industrial Textiles – Belts, Ropes, Tyre-cords, Coated abrasives
- Automotive Textiles – Filter fabrics, Airbags, Carpets
- Geotextiles – Applications in civil engineering
- Agriculture Textiles – Crop covers, bird nets, soil mats and sacks
- Packaging Textiles – Food packing and bags.
Unit – X: Textile Management & Environment Conservation:
- Industrial Engineering – Work study, method study,
- Costing – Elements, Balance sheet, P & L Account
- Tools – TQM, 5S, Kaizen, MIS.
- Marketing Management
- Industrial relations and Labour laws
- Energy conservation in textile production process,
- Characteristics of Effluent
- Effluent treatment
GENERAL STUDIES (DEGREE STANDARD/OBJECTIVE TYPE) (Code No: 003)
UNIT-I: GENERAL SCIENCE
Physics: Universe-General Scientific laws-Scientific instruments-Inventions and discoveries-National scientific laboratories-Science glossary-Mechanics and properties of matter-Physical quantities, standards and units-Force, motion and energy-Electricity and Magnetism, Electronics and Communication -Heat, light and sound-Atomic and nuclear physics-Solid State Physics – Spectroscopy- Geophysics – Astronomy and space science.
Chemistry: Elements and Compounds-Acids, bases and salts-Oxidation and reduction-Chemistry of ores and metals-Carbon, nitrogen and their compounds- Fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides-Biochemistry and biotechnology-Electrochemistry-Polymers and plastics.
Botany: Main Concepts of life science-The cell-basic unit of life-Classification of living organism-Nutrition and dietetics-Respiration-Excretion of metabolic waste-Bio-communication.
Zoology: Blood and blood circulation-Endocrine system-Reproductive system-Genetics the science of heredity-Environment, ecology, health and hygiene, Bio-diversity and its conservation-Human diseases-Communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases- prevention and remedies- Alcoholism and drug abuse-Animals, plants and human life.
UNIT- II: CURRENT EVENTS
HistoryLatest diary of events – National–National symbols-Profile of States-Defence, national security and terrorism-World organizations-pacts and summits-Eminent persons & places in news-Sports & games-Books & authors -Awards & honours-Cultural panorama-Latest historical events – India and its neighbours – Latest terminology- Appointments-who is who?
1. India‟s foreign policy 2. Latest court verdicts – public opinion 3. Problems in conduct of public elections 4. Political parties and political system in India 5. Public awareness & General administration 6. Role of Voluntary organizations & Govt., 7. Welfare oriented govt. schemes, their utility Geography Geographical landmarks-Policy on environment and ecology. Economics Current socio-economic problems-New economic policy & govt. sector Science Latest inventions on science & technology-Latest discoveries in Health Science-Mass media & communication.
UNIT-III : GEOGRAPHY
Earth and Universe – Solar system-Atmosphere hydrosphere, lithosphere – Monsoon, rainfall, weather and climate – Water resources – rivers in India-Soil, minerals & natural resources – Natural vegetation – Forest & wildlife-Agricultural pattern, livestock & fisheries -Transport including Surface transport & communication – Social geography – population -density and distribution-Natural calamities – disaster management-Climate change – impact and consequences – mitigation measures – Pollution Control.
UNIT-IV: HISTORY AND CULTURE OF INDIA
Pre-historic events -Indus valley civilization-Vedic, Aryan and Sangam age-Maurya dynasty-Buddhism and Jainism-Guptas, Delhi Sultans, Mughals and Marathas-Age of Vijayanagaram and the bahmanis-South Indian history – Culture and Heritage of Tamil people-Advent of European invasion-Expansion and consolidation of British rule – Effect of British rule on socio-economic factors-Social reforms and religious movements – India since independence-Characteristics of Indian culture-Unity in diversity – race, colour, language, custom-India-as secular state-Organizations for fine arts, dance, drama, music-Growth of rationalist, Dravidian movement in TN-Political parties and populist schemes- Prominent personalities in the various spheres – Arts, Science, literature and Philosophy – Mother Teresa, Swami Vivekananda, Pandit Ravishankar , M.S.Subbulakshmi, Rukmani Arundel and J.Krishnamoorthy etc.
UNIT-V: L INDIAN POLITY
Constitution of India – Preamble to the constitution- Salient features of constitution- Union, State and territory- Citizenship-rights amend duties-Fundamental rights- Fundamental duties- Human rights charter- Union legislature – Parliament- State executive- State Legislature – assembly- Status of Jammu & Kashmir- Local government – panchayat raj – Tamil Nadu- Judiciary in India – Rule of law/Due process of law- Indian federalism – center – state relations-. Emergency provisions- Civil services in India- Administrative challenges in a welfare state- Complexities of district administration- Elections – Election Commission Union and State. Official language and Schedule-VIII- Amendments to constitution- Schedules to constitution-. Administrative reforms & tribunals-Corruption in public life- Anti-corruption measures – Central Vigilance Commission, lok-adalats, Ombudsman, – Comptroller and Auditor General of India- Right to information – Central and State Commission- Empowerment of women- Voluntary organizations and public grievances Redressal- Consumer protection forms .
UNIT- VI: INDIAN ECONOMY
Nature of Indian economy-Need for economic planning-Five-year plan models-an assessment-Land reforms & agriculture-Application of science in agriculture Industrial growth-Capital formation and investment-Role of public sector & disinvestment-Development of infrastructure- National income- Public finance & fiscal policy- Price policy & public distribution- Banking, money & monetary policy-Role of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)- WTO-globalization & privatization- Rural welfare oriented programmes- Social sector problems – population, education, health, employment, poverty-HRD – sustainable economic growth- Economic trends in Tamil Nadu -Energy Different sources and development- Finance Commission -Planning Commission- National Development Council.
UNIT-VII: INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT
National renaissance-Early uprising against British rule-1857 Revolt- Indian National Congress-Emergence of national leaders-Gandhi, Nehru, Tagore, Nethaji – Growth of militant movements -Different modes of agitations-Era of different Acts Pacts-World war & final phase struggle-Communalism led to partition-Role of Tamil Nadu in freedom struggle – Rajaji, VOC, Periyar, Bharathiar & Others-Birth of political parties /political system in India since independence.
UNIT-VIII: APTITUDE AND MENTAL ABILITY TESTS
- Conversion of information to data-Collection, compilation and presentation of data – Tables, graphs, diagrams-Parametric representation of data-Analytical interpretation of data -Simplification-Percentage-Highest Common Factor (HCF)-Lowest Common Multiple (LCM)-Ratio and Proportion-Simple interest-Compound interest-Area-Volume-Time and Work-Behavioural ability -Basic terms, Communications in information technology-Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)- Decision making and problem solving-Logical Reasoning-Puzzles-Dice-Visual Reasoning-Alpha numeric Reasoning-Number Series-Logical Number/Alphabetical/Diagrammatic Sequences.
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