Dear Banking Aspirants,

THE HINDU EDITORIAL – January 29, 2018, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like  NIACL AO Prelims Exam, IBPS SO Mains Exam. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.

A) Stress and strain: on Congress-JD(S) alliance in Karnataka

In politically charged Karnataka, words gather the power to unsettle those in authority

No relationship is free of tense moments and conflicting emotions. But the Congress-Janata Dal (Secular) alliance in Karnataka seems to have more than its share of stress and strain. The pressures on the post-poll tie-up are from multiple points: the Opposition BJP that believes it was robbed of its mandate, and is looking to win over some of the MLAs of the Congress to topple the government; Congress members, especially those owing allegiance to former Chief Minister Siddaramaiah, who argue that the chief ministership should not have been handed over to the junior partner, the JD(S); and the leadership of the JD(S) that tries to assert itself within the alliance and expand the party’s base at the Congress’s expense. With the Lok Sabha election approaching, the stakes are high for all. The JD(S) wants to ensure it gets a good share of the seats as part of the alliance; the Congress realises it will have to concede ground to the JD(S) to keep the BJP out of the political turf, and the BJP knows the importance of being in power at the time of polls. After days of high drama, when the BJP and the Congress herded their MLAs in resorts to protect them from poaching, the pressure point on the government is from Siddaramaiah loyalists. Congress MLA S.T. Somashekar, on being appointed as the chairperson of the Bangalore Development Authority, claimed the city had not seen any development under the coalition government. Chief Minister H.D. Kumaraswamy promptly offered to quit if his style of functioning was found to be unacceptable, forcing a rattled Congress leadership to rush to make amends. While Mr. Siddaramaiah signalled to his supporters and the party leadership he was not manoeuvring to be Chief Minister again, Mr. Somashekar apologised after KPCC president Dinesh Gundu Rao said he was at fault.

That a statement by one MLA can create such a storm speaks to the structural instability of the arrangement. The Congress and the JD(S) came together in a marriage of convenience; the JD(S) was allowed to head the government to prevent it from entering into a deal with the BJP. The only thing the Congress could offer the JD(S) that the BJP could not was the chief ministership. This was no gesture of magnanimity; only pragmatic deal-making. As negotiations on seat-sharing for the Lok Sabha polls begin, the strain is beginning to show. In these trying circumstances, the level of political discourse is also falling. While Union Minister Anantkumar Hegde made personal, derogatory comments about Mr. Rao, Mr. Siddaramaiah shouted at a party worker and grabbed the mike from her when she complained about the failure of officials to redress the grievances of her townspeople. In the surcharged atmosphere now, a remark is often enough of a spark to set off a ravaging fire.

B) Clearer TV: on TRAI’s order on broadcasting, cable services

New TRAI order provides for greater choice and transparency on pricing of channels

The tariff order on broadcasting and cable services issued by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India is set to become effective on February 1, giving the consumer the option to pay only for those channels she wants to watch. Under the scheme, there is also a maximum price for pay channels declared by the broadcaster, which is reported to TRAI, bringing about greater transparency. Each channel will be available on an a la carte basis. The effect is that the consumer’s subscription cost on a base package of 100 standard definition television channels is fixed in the form of a network capacity fee. And even within this group, there is freedom to choose channels, with a provision for appropriate revision for any pay channels. This is a welcome departure from a regime where combinations of free and pay channels were decided by distributors and broadcasters as bouquets that did not reflect actual demand for individual channels. Efforts to introduce a la carte choice were thwarted by pricing individual channels almost as high as the bouquets they were part of. Bouquets are enabled in the new scheme, but with the stipulation that at least 85% of the total price of all channels that form part of a bouquet be charged, removing the incentive to distort prices. Distributors including cable and DTH platforms, and advertisers, should welcome the order, which strengthens price discovery and eliminates inflated claims of the subscriber base.

Television in the conventional sense has changed in the era of the Internet, with the emergence of new distribution possibilities. Many broadcasters, including popular news channels, provide their content free on platforms such as YouTube and through mobile phone applications, reaching global audiences. Global Over the Top (OTT) providers such as Netflix and Amazon Prime have opened a new front and are competing for viewers who get advertisement-free programming streamed on subscription. TRAI has made clear that since broadcast licensing does not apply to such new technology platforms, these do not come under price regulation. In the fast-changing competitive landscape of home entertainment, conventional TV must now compete on the strength of transparent pricing and better programming for subscription revenue growth and viewer time that attracts advertising. Industry data show that there are about 197 million homes in India with a TV set, and 100 million more homes without one represent scope for growth. This can be achieved through regulatory schemes that empower broadcasters and subscribers alike. TRAI has done well to put up a calculator on its website to help consumers calculate bills under the new regime before signing up for a package with the operator. The broadcast industry must welcome a new era that promises to remove distribution bottlenecks and empower consumers with choice.


1) conflicting

Meaning : incompatible or at variance; contradictory(adj).

Tamil Meaning : முரண்பட்ட

Synonyms : combat

Antonyms : truce

Example : “there are conflicting accounts of what occurred”

2) strain

Meaning : force (a part of one’s body or oneself) to make an unusually great effort(v).

Synonyms : injury

Antonyms : ease

Example : “I stopped and listened, straining my ears for any sound”

3) robbed

Meaning : take property unlawfully from (a person or place) by force or threat of force(v).

Synonyms : strip

Antonyms : cover

Example : “he tried, with three others, to rob a bank”

4) topple

Meaning : overbalance or cause to overbalance and fall.

Synonyms : overturn

Antonyms : increase

Example : “she toppled over when I touched her”

5) owing

Meaning : (of money) yet to be paid.

Synonyms : mature

Antonyms : paid

Example : “no rent was owing”

6) allegiance

Meaning : loyalty or commitment to a superior or to a group or cause(n).

Synonyms : deference

Antonyms : apathy

Example : “those wishing to receive citizenship must swear allegiance to the republic”

7) assert

Meaning : state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully(v).

Tamil Meaning : வலியுறுத்தும்

Synonyms : argue

Antonyms : deny

Example : “the company asserts that the cuts will not affect development”

8) ensure

Meaning : make certain that (something) will occur or be the case(v).

Tamil Meaning : உறுதி

Synonyms : assure

Antonyms : endanger

Example : “the client must ensure that accurate records are kept”

9) concede

Meaning : admit or agree that something is true after first denying or resisting it.

Synonyms : accept

Antonyms : defend

Example : “I had to concede that I’d overreacted”

10) turf

Meaning : grass and the surface layer of earth held together by its roots.

Synonyms : sward

Example : “they walked across the springy turf”

11) herded

Meaning : (with reference to a group of people or animals) move in a group.

Synonyms : collect

Antonyms : disperse

Example : “they were herded into a bus”

12) poaching

Meaning : cook (an egg) without its shell in or over boiling water.

Synonyms : encroach

Antonyms : give

Example : “a breakfast of poached egg and grilled bacon”

13) claimed

Meaning : state or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof.

Synonyms : assert

Antonyms : answer

Example : “the Prime Minister claimed that he was concerned about Third World debt”

14) promptly

Meaning : with little or no delay; immediately.

Tamil Meaning : உடனடியாக

Synonyms : instantly

Antonyms : slowly

Example : “he paid the fine promptly”

15) amends

Meaning : compensate or make up for a wrongdoing.

Tamil Meaning : பரிகாரம்

Synonyms : redress

Antonyms : penalty

Example : “try to make amends for the rude way you spoke to Lucy”

16) convenience

Meaning : the state of being able to proceed with something without difficulty.

Synonyms : appliance

Antonyms : damage

Example : “services should be run to suit the convenience of customers, not of staff

17) gesture

Meaning : a movement of part of the body, especially a hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning.

Synonyms : indication

Antonyms : speech

Example : “Alex made a gesture of apology”

18) pragmatic

Meaning : dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations.

Synonyms : efficient

Antonyms : excited

Example : “a pragmatic approach to politics”

19) derogatory

Meaning : showing a critical or disrespectful attitude.

Synonyms : defamatory

Antonyms : favorable

Example : “she tells me I’m fat and is always making derogatory remarks”

20) grabbed

Meaning : grasp or seize suddenly and roughly.

Synonyms : catch

Antonyms : give

Example : “she grabbed him by the shirt collar”

21) ravaging

Meaning : cause severe and extensive damage to.

Synonyms : consume

Antonyms : assist

Example : “the hurricane ravaged southern Florida”

22) appropriate

Meaning : suitable or proper in the circumstances.

Synonyms : opportune

Antonyms : improper

Example : “this isn’t the appropriate time or place”

23) thwarted

Meaning : prevent (someone) from accomplishing something.

Tamil Meaning : முறியடிக்கப்பட்டது

Synonyms : defeat

Antonyms : abet

Example : “he never did anything to thwart his father”

24) regime

Meaning : a government, especially an authoritarian one.

Synonyms : reign

Example : “ideological opponents of the regime”

25) grievances

Meaning : a real or imagined cause for complaint, especially unfair treatment.

Synonyms : objection

Antonyms : delight

Example : “a website which enabled staff to air their grievances”

26) stipulation

Meaning : a condition or requirement that is specified or demanded as part of an agreement.

Tamil Meaning : நிபந்தனை

Synonyms : obligation

Antonyms : implication

Example : “they donated their collection of prints with the stipulation that they never be publicly exhibited”

27) enabled

Meaning : adapted for use with the specified application or system.

Tamil Meaning : செயல்படுத்தப்பட்ட

Synonyms : facilitate

Antonyms : hinder

Example : “Bluetooth-enabled devices”

28) stipulation

Meaning : a condition or requirement that is specified or demanded as part of an agreement.

Synonyms : obligation

Antonyms : implication

Example : “they donated their collection of prints with the stipulation that they never be publicly exhibited”

29) inflated

Meaning : distended through being filled with air or gas.

Synonyms : magnified

Antonyms : shrunken

Example : “a partially inflated balloon”

30) conventional

Meaning : based on or in accordance with what is generally done or believed.

Tamil Meaning : வழக்கமான

Synonyms : ordinary

Antonyms : unusual

Example : “a conventional morality had dictated behaviour”

31) competing

Meaning : striving against one another to gain or win something.

Synonyms : contend

Antonyms : agree

Example : “competing political ideologies”

32) streamed

Meaning : (of liquid, air, gas, etc.) run or flow in a continuous current in a specified direction.

Synonyms : torrent

Example : “she sat with tears streaming down her face”

33) conventional

Meaning : based on or in accordance with what is generally done or believed.

Synonyms : current

Antonyms : irregular

Example : “a conventional morality had dictated behaviour”

34) compete

Meaning : strive to gain or win something by defeating or establishing superiority over others.

Tamil Meaning : போட்டியிட

Synonyms : contest

Antonyms : agree

Example : “universities are competing for applicants”

35) empower

Meaning : give (someone) the authority or power to do something.

Tamil Meaning : அதிகாரம்

Synonyms : allow

Antonyms : deny

Example : “members are empowered to audit the accounts of limited companies”

36) achieved

Meaning : successfully bring about or reach (a desired objective or result) by effort, skill, or courage.

Synonyms : complete

Antonyms : depart

Example : “he achieved his ambition to become a press photographer”

37) eliminates

Meaning : completely remove or get rid of (something)(v).

Tamil Meaning : நீக்குகிறது

Synonyms : defeat

Antonyms : allow

Example : “a policy that would eliminate inflation”

38) declared

Meaning : openly or formally asserted or announced.

Tamil Meaning : அறிவித்தார்

Synonyms : stated

Example : “despite the company’s declared good intentions, some remained sceptical”

39) complained

Meaning : express dissatisfaction or annoyance about something.

Synonyms : disagree

Antonyms : accept

Example : “local authorities complained that they lacked sufficient resources”

40) coalition

Meaning : a temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

Synonyms : affiliation

Antonyms : detachment

Example : “a coalition between Liberals and Conservatives”