The Hindu Editorial : March 22,2019

Dear Aspirants,

Daily Current Affairs (March 22, 2019) like many other sections is inevitable and this also helps to score in the Banking awareness, Static GK and Financial Awareness sections. Remember, Banking Awareness and Static Awareness Questions are asked from the General Awareness section. This will also help you to ride your preparations for the forthcoming exams.

A) Travesty of justice: On Samjhauta case acquittals

The Samjhauta blast case raises doubts about India’s resolve to prosecute terror cases

The acquittal of Swami Aseemanand and three others brought to trial for the killing of 68 people on board the Delhi-Lahore Samjhauta Express near Panipat in February 2007 is bound to be seen as a travesty of justice. Any acquittal in a heinous crime will raise questions about the credibility of the investigation or the effectiveness of the prosecution; but there are some cases in which the outcome may also spark cynical responses ranging from attribution of political motive to suspicion of institutional bias. The train blast case, in which both Indian and Pakistani citizens died, may evoke all such responses. It casts a shadow on India’s ability and resolve to probe and prosecute major acts of terrorism. It is the third case in which Aseemanand has been acquitted. He was earlier cleared of involvement in the Ajmer Dargah blast, which killed three persons in October 2007, and the Mecca Masjid blast that left nine dead in Hyderabad in May 2007. Aseemanand, a.k.a. Naba Kumar Sarkar, was a key figure, according to the prosecution, behind a Hindu right-wing group that wanted to avenge incidents such as the Akshardham temple massacre of 2002. The contours of ‘saffron terror’ were revealed by Aseemanand in 2010 when he gave a lengthy statement before a magistrate, detailing the planning and execution of some key terrorist attacks between 2006 and 2008. This confession failed to convince the trial courts, mainly because of his subsequent retraction. That he was in police custody at the time also cast a doubt whether it was voluntary.

There appears little doubt that the blast was aimed at destroying attempts to build friendly ties between India and Pakistan, and it is possible that extremists of any hue may have been behind it. However, the change of regime at the Centre in 2014 seemed to have weakened the National Investigation Agency’s resolve. Details of the verdict are not yet available, but it is clear that the prosecution case collapsed after key witnesses turned hostile. The trial proceedings opened in February 2014, but by early 2015 witnesses began turning hostile. Among these were one who removed a mobile phone from the body of Sunil Joshi, a prime accused in the case who was murdered in December 2007, and another who bought mobile phones and electric detonators. On the flip side, the fact that some early suspects were Muslims and that the U.S. and the UN had linked Lashkar-e-Toiba operatives such as Arif Qasmani to the blasts could have been important factors. The larger concern for the criminal justice system is whether such acquittals indicate innocence, or the prosecution’s lack of freedom and resolve to obtain a conviction.

B) Back on track: On India-Maldives ties

India and the Maldives must continue to build a shared strategic vision

India and the Maldives appeared to return to the old days of strategic bonhomie when External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj met her counterpart Abdulla Shahid in Male during a brief visit this week. It is the first full-fledged bilateral visit at the political level from India to the Maldives after the new government assumed office in the wake of the historic election last September. President Ibrahim Solih assumed charge after a multi-party, pro-democracy coalition led by his Maldivian Democratic Party was swept to power. Mr. Solih’s inauguration, which was marked by the attendance of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, was assumed to be a potential inflection point in the trajectory of bilateral ties with India. The previous five years witnessed Male’s disconcerting drift, under the aegis of the Abdulla Yameen government, into what many Maldivians felt was the stifling embrace of China. Chinese financing for infrastructure and construction projects poured in even as the functioning of the political Opposition and the judiciary was harshly curtailed. All of this flux appeared to have been washed away on September 23, 2018 when the Maldivian electorate voted resoundingly for the coalition that backed Mr. Solih for President.

Yet it would be unwise for New Delhi to take the Indian Ocean nation for granted. There is indeed an opportunity for reset on numerous policies, and some of that has already happened. In December, when Mr. Solih visited India, a $1.4 billion financial assistance package for the Maldives was announced. While the proximity of the Indian general election may have precluded any major policy announcements from New Delhi, the two countries have agreed to exempt holders of diplomatic and official passports from visa requirements, inked an MoU on Indian grant-in-aid for “high-impact community development projects”, and other agreements on energy efficiency and renewable energy, areas critical to the agenda of Mr. Solih. At a broader level, the archipelago and the larger Indian Ocean region could expect more collaborative approaches on regional maritime security issues, including counterterrorism and trans-national crimes. However, Male is still grappling with the legacy of the Yameen administration’s headlong plunge into the orbit of Beijing. The massive debts the Maldives incurred, by some estimates to the tune of $3 billion, linked to infrastructure investments need to be unwound. Second, the multiparty alliance must hold firm despite immense political pressures that arise from varying visions for governance. Some tensions already seem to be bubbling to the top: on February 25, Mohamed Nasheed, former President and important coalition-builder in the MDP, tweeted about the country’s Supreme Court “meddling in elections — again”. For genuine peace and bilateral harmony to take root in the region, building a shared vision for the future of the Maldives is the immediate task at hand.


1) acquittal

Meaning : a judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.

Synonyms : clearance

Antonyms : conviction

Example : “the trial resulted in an acquittal”

2) travesty

Meaning : a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.

Synonyms : distortion

Antonyms : seriousness

Example : “the absurdly lenient sentence is a travesty of justice”

3) heinous

Meaning : (of a person or wrongful act, especially a crime) utterly odious or wicked.

Tamil Meaning : கொடிய

Synonyms : abhorrent

Antonyms : delightful

Example : “a battery of heinous crimes”

4) evoke

Meaning : bring or recall (a feeling, memory, or image) to the conscious mind.

Tamil Meaning : வருவதற்காக

Synonyms : conjure

Antonyms : deaden

Example : “the sight evoked pleasant memories of his childhood”

5) resolve

Meaning : settle or find a solution to (a problem or contentious matter)(v).

Synonyms : firmness

Antonyms : weakness

Example : “the firm aims to resolve problems within 30 days”

6) probe

Meaning : a thorough investigation into a crime or other matter.

Synonyms : exploration

Example : “a probe into city hall corruption”

7) acquitted

Meaning : free (someone) from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty.

Synonyms : discharge

Antonyms : accuse

Example : “she was acquitted on all counts”

8) avenge

Meaning : inflict harm in return for (an injury or wrong done to oneself or another).

Synonyms : vindicate

Antonyms : comfort

Example : “he vowed in silent fervour to avenge their murders”

9) revealed

Meaning : make (previously unknown or secret information) known to others.

Tamil Meaning : வெளிப்படுத்தினார்

Synonyms : affirm

Antonyms : conceal

Example : “Brenda was forced to reveal Robbie’s whereabouts”

10) confession

Meaning : a formal statement admitting that one is guilty of a crime.

Synonyms : assertion

Antonyms : denial

Example : “he signed a confession to both the murders”

11) retraction

Meaning : the action of drawing something back or back in.

Synonyms : disclaimer

Antonyms : confirmation

Example : “prey are grasped between the jaws upon tongue retraction”

12) hostile

Meaning : showing or feeling opposition or dislike; unfriendly.

Tamil Meaning : விரோதமாக

Synonyms : contrary

Antonyms : helpful

Example : “a hostile audience”

13) conviction

Meaning : a formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.

Tamil Meaning : தண்டனை

Synonyms : feeling

Antonyms : distrust

Example : “she had a previous conviction for a similar offence”

14) swept

Meaning : clean (an area) by brushing away dirt or litter.

Synonyms : brush

Antonyms : dirty

Example : “I’ve swept the floor”

15) embrace

Meaning : hold (someone) closely in one’s arms, especially as a sign of affection.

Synonyms : grasp

Antonyms : free

Example : “Aunt Sophie embraced her warmly”

16) curtailed

Meaning : reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.

Synonyms : decrease

Antonyms : develop

Example : “civil liberties were further curtailed”

17) precluded

Meaning : prevent from happening; make impossible.

Tamil Meaning : விலக்கி

Synonyms : cease

Antonyms : assist

Example : “the secret nature of his work precluded official recognition”

18) diplomatic

Meaning : of or concerning diplomacy.

Tamil Meaning : தூதரக

Synonyms : gracious

Antonyms : rude

Example : “diplomatic relations with Britain were broken”

19) plunge

Meaning : jump or dive quickly and energetically.

Tamil Meaning : வீழ்ச்சி

Synonyms : submersion

Antonyms : ascent

Example : “our little daughters whooped as they plunged into the sea”

20) estimates

Meaning : roughly calculate or judge the value, number, quantity, or extent of.

Synonyms : appraisal

Antonyms : ignorance

Example : “the aim is to estimate the effects of macroeconomic policy on the economy”


Buy the Quantitative Aptitude, Reasoning Ability & English Language Topic Wise Tests – Online Tests from the below-given links. 

Aspirants can get the test packages from our Official Bankersdaily Store (

 If you have any doubts regarding the 4 new Topic Wise Test Packages, kindly mail your queries to