THE HINDU EDITORIAL: MAY 28, 2019
THE HINDU EDITORIAL – May 27, 2019, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like SBI PO 2019, SBI CLERK 2019, LIC AAO 2019, FCI Prelims 2019 & CWC 2019 and other banking Exams. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.
Mt. Everest: learn from tragedy, tighten safety measures
It’s obvious why so many try to scale Everest — but the safety protocol must be tightened
Mount Everest, the world’s highest peak at 8,848 metres, draws adventurers from all over. But the mountain on the Nepal-China border is fast becoming a dangerous place to visit even for the hardened mountaineer. The inherent risks were this month highlighted with a photograph by Nirmal Purja, a Gorkha ex-soldier. The image, which went viral and altered the manner in which people worldwide imagine what it is to scale Mt. Everest, showed a long queue awaiting a final tilt at the summit, with all the dangers such a wait holds. This season, at least 10 climbers have died or gone missing, including four Indians. Experts have been calling for Nepal to restrict the number of permits. It awarded a record 381 for this spring, each fetching $11,000 (climbing from the Tibet side is more expensive). On Wednesday, 200 climbers ascended the summit, a new record for a single day. Last year, 807 managed to reach the summit. In 2012, the United Nations estimated that there were more than 26,000 visitors to the Everest region, and this figure has grown manifold since then. Nepal officials argue that permits are not issued recklessly, and that jams such as this year’s near the summit are on account of spells of bad weather, which result in mountaineers being compelled to summit within a narrow time-frame. Waiting in sub-zero temperatures at the rarefied altitude can be fatal — this season’s deaths were mostly due to frostbite, exhaustion, dehydration and lack of oxygen.
This year’s drama has caught the public imagination, as happened in 1996 when eight persons died in a single day amid an unexpected storm — events of and around that day were the subject of Jon Krakauer’s bestselling book, Into Thin Air. The adventure industry that is built around the human desire to scale the peak has meant many amateurs take up the challenge, confident that support teams and specialised equipment will make up for their lack of adequate mountaineering experience. The fallout is that in case of a disaster not only are some of them unable to manage, but they hold up others, putting them in harm’s way. The commercial operations have led to the Everest being called the world’s highest garbage dump as many climbers discard non-critical gear and fail to clean up the mess. It is unlikely, however, that this season’s tragedies will deter future summiteers, as the hypnotic lure remains intact. As George Mallory, the English mountaineer who perished in the attempt to scale Everest, reportedly said of its pull, “Because it’s there.” But the authorities must learn from this year’s tragedies and work out an optimum number of climbers and strengthen safety measures.
Meaning: very experienced in a particular job or activity and therefore not easily upset by its more unpleasant aspects.
Tamil Meaning: கடினமாக்கப்பட்ட / தேர்ந்த
Synonyms: inured, desensitized, deadened, accustomed
Example Sentence: “hardened police officers”
Meaning: existing in something as a permanent, essential, or characteristic attribute.
Tamil Meaning: இயற்கையாய் அமையப்பெற்ற / உள்ளார்ந்த
Synonyms: Intrinsic, innate, immanent, built-in, inborn
Antonyms: acquired, alien
Example Sentence: “any form of mountaineering has its inherent dangers”
Meaning: circulated rapidly and widely from one Internet user to another.
Example Sentence: “a viral ad campaign”
Meaning: change in character or composition, typically in a comparatively small but significant way.
Tamil Meaning: மாற்றப்படலாம் / திறுத்தி அமை
Synonyms: Change, make changes to, make different, make alterations to
Antonyms: preserve, stay the same
Example Sentence: “Eliot was persuaded to alter the passage”
Meaning: wait for (an event).
Tamil Meaning: காத்திருங்கள்/ எதிர்பார்
Synonyms: wait for; expect, anticipate, look for
Example Sentence: “we await the proposals with impatience”
Meaning: move or cause to move into a sloping position.
Tamil Meaning: சாய் / ஒரு புறம் சாய்
Synonyms: Lean, tip, list, slope, camber, bank, slant, incline, pitch, dip,
Antonyms: Level, right, be/come level, be/come upright
Example Sentence: “the floor tilted slightly”
Meaning: put a limit on; keep under control.
Tamil Meaning: கட்டுப்படுத்த / வறையரைப்படுத்து
Synonyms: limit, set/impose limits on, keep within bounds, keep under control, regulate, control, moderate, cut down on
Antonyms: Aid, Allow, Assist, Develop
Example Sentence: “some roads may have to be closed at peak times to restrict the number of visitors”
Meaning: climb to the summit of (a mountain or hill).
Tamil Meaning: ஏறினார் / மேயேறு
Synonyms: climb (up), come/go/move up, make one’s/its way up
Example Sentence: “the first traveller to ascend the mountain”
Meaning: roughly calculate or judge the value, number, quantity, or extent of.
Tamil Meaning: மதிப்பீட்டிலான / மதிப்பிடு
Synonyms: oughly calculate, approximate, make an estimate of, guess
Antonyms: Ignorance, Fact, Truth
Example Sentence: “the aim is to estimate the effects of macroeconomic policy on the economy”
Meaning: many and various.
Tamil Meaning: பன்மடங்கு / பல பயன்கள் கொண்ட
Synonyms: many, numerous, multiple, multifarious, multitudinous, multiplex
Antonyms: Same, One, Single
Example Sentence: “the implications of this decision were manifold”
Meaning: without regard to the danger or the consequences of one’s actions; rashly.
Tamil Meaning: பொறுப்பற்ற முறையில்
Synonyms: Carelessly, Daringly, Foolishly
Example Sentence: “he was driving recklessly and lost control”
Meaning: force or oblige (someone) to do something.
Tamil Meaning: கட்டாயம்
Synonyms: force, coerce into, pressurize into, pressure, impel
Antonyms: Dissuade, Discourage, Halt
Example Sentence: “a sense of duty compelled Harry to answer her questions”
Meaning: (of air, especially that at high altitudes) of lower pressure than usual; thin.
Tamil Meaning: அரிதானதாகவே
Example Sentence: “every ounce carried counts triple when you’re trudging uphill in rarefied air”
Meaning: the height of an object or point in relation to sea level or ground level.
Tamil Meaning: உயரத்தில்
Synonyms: height, elevation
Example Sentence: “flight data including airspeed and altitude”
Meaning: causing death.
Tamil Meaning: அபாயகரமான / சாவுக்குரிய
Synonyms: deadly, lethal, mortal, causing death, death dealing
Antonyms: harmless, superficial
Example Sentence: “a fatal accident”
Meaning: injury to body tissues caused by exposure to extreme cold, typically affecting the nose, fingers, or toes and often resulting in gangrene.
Tamil Meaning: தோலுறைவு
Example Sentence: “when they rescued him he was suffering from frostbite”
Meaning: a state of extreme physical or mental tiredness.
Tamil Meaning: சோர்வு / முழுச் சோர்வு
Synonyms: Extreme tiredness, overtiredness, fatigue, weariness, lack of energy
Example Sentence: “he was pale with exhaustion”
Meaning: the loss or removal of water from something.
Tamil Meaning: உடல் வறட்சி
Example Sentence: “from an inspection of plants undergoing dehydration there was no evidence of root damage”
Meaning: surrounded by; in the middle of.
Tamil Meaning: மத்தியில்
Synonyms: In the middle of, surrounded by, among, amongst, between
Example Sentence: “our dream home, set amid magnificent rolling countryside”
Meaning: a strong feeling of wanting to have something or wishing for something to happen.
Tamil Meaning: ஆசை / விரும்பு
Synonyms: Wish, want
Antonyms: Apathy, Distaste, Disgust
Example Sentence: “he resisted public desires for choice in education”
Meaning: get rid of (someone or something) as no longer useful or desirable.
Tamil Meaning: நிராகரிக்க / கைவிடு
Synonyms: Dispose of, throw away, throw out, get rid of, toss out
Antonyms: keep, acquire
Example Sentence: “Hilary bundled up the clothes she had discarded”
Meaning: relating to or producing hypnosis / a sleep-inducing drug.
Tamil Meaning: மயக்கமூட்டுகிற / தூக்க மருந்து
Synonyms: mesmerizing, mesmeric, spellbinding, entrancing, bewitching
Example Sentence: “her voice had a hypnotic quality”
Meaning: tempt (a person or animal) to do something or to go somewhere, especially by offering some form of reward.
Tamil Meaning: கவரும்/ வசப்படுத்து
Synonyms: tempt, entice, attract, induce, coax, persuade, inveigle
Antonyms: Deter, put off
Example Sentence: “the child was lured into a car but managed to escape”
Meaning: die, especially in a violent or sudden way.
Tamil Meaning: அழிந்து/ அழி
Synonyms: die, lose one’s life, be killed, fall, expire
Antonyms: live, survive
Example Sentence: “a great part of his army perished of hunger and disease”
Meaning: a person who engages in a pursuit, especially a sport, on an unpaid rather than a professional basis.
Tamil Meaning: துறை சார்பற்றவர்
Synonyms: non-professional, non-specialist, layman, layperson
Example Sentence: “it takes five years for a top amateur to become a real Tour de France rider”
Check the other – THE HINDU EDITORIAL vocabulary words from previous days in THE HINDU EDITORIAL section which has bilingual meanings.
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