Learn Series : Syllogism New Pattern Key words

Dear Banking Aspirant,

Exams decide the future of everyone’s won dream and to achieve that every marks that is to be scored in the exams are very important. One such topic is Syllogism and you can easily score the required marks from this topic. Even though the difficulties of the exams have been increased, this is still an easier one, if the old pattern is asked. So let us learn the concept of New Pattern Syllogism and its keywords. As you all know, the keywords are very important in Syllogism and in the new pattern it is still more important.

So learning new pattern keywords from syllogism is very important and this will be very useful for the forthcoming exams.


Case 1:  “A few” and   “few”

“A few A are B” means “Some A are B”

Ex:  A few Dancers are Singers is interpreted as follows:

Some Dancers are Singers

Note: Don’t confuse “A few” with “Few” here both have similar meaning.


Case 2:  “Not every ”, “ Not all ”

Not Every A is B means Some A are not B

Ex:  Not Every Car is Black is interpreted as follows:

Some Cars are not Black

Not All A is B means Some A are not B

Ex: Not all batsmen are bowler is interpreted as follows:

Some batsmen are not bowlers


Case 3:  “Not a”

Not a P is Q means No P is Q

Ex:  Not a Ball is Bat

No Ball is Bat


Case 4:  “ If  then ” and “  if  ”            

If  it is an A, then it is a B means All A are B

Ex: If a driver is drunk, then he is dangerous is interpreted as follows:

All drunk drivers are dangerous drivers


Case 5: “ Only ”, “None except ” and “None but ”

Sentences begin with “only” are interpreted as follows:

Only A are B means  All B are A

Ex: Only Film are Serials is rewritten as

All Serials are Films 

“None except A are B” and “None but A are B” are just other ways of saying “Only A are B.”

None Except A are B means All B are A

Ex: None Except teachers are students

All Students are Teachers

None But A are B means All B are A

Ex: None But phones are cellular

All Cellular are Phone


 

Case 6: “All Except ” and “All but ”

All Except A are B means No A are B

Ex: All Except boat are Ship is interpreted as follows:

No Boats are Ships

All But A are B means No A are B

Ex: All But Mountains are Rivers is interpreted as follows:

No Mountains are rivers


Case 7 : “Can Be ” and “Can never be”

Some A can be B means Some A are B is a possibility

Some A can never be B means Some A are not B (definite).

Refer the following key terms widely used in syllogism:

 

WORDS

 

INFERRED WORDS

 FREQUENTLY  SOME
 GENERALLY  SOME
 MOSTLY  SOME
 ALMOST  SOME
 ATLEAST  SOME
 OFTEN  SOME
 EACH  ALL
 EVERY  ALL
 ANY  ALL
NONE  NO
 NOT A SINGLE  NO

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