Aspirants can find the important editorial from the 18th April – THE HINDU in the video discussion which is provided below. 


a) A credibility crisis: On Mecca Masjid verdict

The acquittal of five suspects in the Mecca Masjid bomb blast case is likely to reinforce public cynicism in the country about the state of the criminal justice system. Regardless of whether the acquittal was owing to the innocence of Swami Aseemanand and four others belonging to a Hindu right-wing group, or because the prosecuting agency lacked the resolve and freedom to obtain their conviction, the outcome is undoubtedly a substantial denial of justice for a crime that killed nine people and injured many others. It also shattered the lives of dozens of Muslims who were taken into custody by the Hyderabad police in the immediate aftermath of the blast in May 2007; their arbitrary incarceration, alleged custodial torture and the protracted court hearings amounted to grave miscarriage of justice. It has a striking similarity to the Malegaon blasts in Maharashtra: a group of Muslims being portrayed as the perpetrators in the initial stages, but the involvement of a Hindu group being uncovered later. The police first named the Harkat-ul-Jihadi-e-Islami as the organisation involved. The Central Bureau of Investigation, which took over the probe, charge sheeted 21 suspects, but they were acquitted in 2009 for want of evidence. It was only in 2010 that the CBI named some members of Abhinav Bharat, a few of whom were formerly RSS pracharaks, in a fresh charge sheet. The case changed hands again in 2011 and went to the National Investigation Agency. The prosecution case appeared to have been significantly bolstered by a confession by Aseemanand in 2010 in a magistrate’s court in Delhi, but his subsequent retraction cast a shadow over its voluntary nature. However, given the details in his statement on the planning and execution of some key terror attacks between 2006 and 2008, including bomb attacks in Malegaon, on the Samjhauta Express, at the Mecca Masjid in Hyderabad and the Ajmer Dargah, there will be inevitable questions about why the NIA failed to produce any significant evidence in the trial. Even after the judgment, one is at a loss to understand who was responsible for the blasts. If the initial knee-jerk response of the police was in keeping with the mood of the times, the record of the central agencies appears tainted by shoddy investigation and irresolute prosecution. The NIA has faced charges of going soft on Hindutva groups after the regime change at the Centre in 2014, once even from a public prosecutor handling the Malegaon blast case. That 66 out of 226 witnesses turned hostile reflects poorly on the investigating agency and exposes the lack of legal safeguards to protect witnesses. The investigating agencies face a credibility crisis, and how public faith in their impartiality can be restored is something the country ought to worry about now.

b) Cash is still king: On ATMs running dry

Nearly 18 months after the government’s decision to scrap currency notes of Rs. 500 and Rs. 1,000, which accounted for over 86% of the currency in circulation at the time, large parts of India are in the throes of a severe cash crunch again. The government started acting belatedly on Tuesday in response to reports of cash shortages from States including Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh over a fortnight. Terming the shortage a manifestation of an ‘unusual spurt in currency demand’ over three months, the Finance Ministry has emphasised that the first 13 days of April recorded an increase in currency supply of Rs. 45,000 crore. Yet, thousands of automated teller machines are either not functioning or not dispensing adequate cash as banks are reluctant to divert cash to them at the cost of customers visiting branches for withdrawals. The Ministry has asserted that over Rs. 1.75 lakh crore of cash lies in reserves, which may now be deployed to meet the demand. On its part, the Reserve Bank of India has claimed there is enough cash in its vaults, but it has ramped up the printing of all notes. At the same time, it blamed the shortages on logistical issues of replenishing ATMs and said it is moving more cash to regions that witnessed high cash withdrawals. Theories abound on how upcoming elections, starting with Karnataka and possibly ending with the Lok Sabha polls in 2019, have prompted a large-scale cash management exercise among political parties. Part of the retail love for cash is also being attributed to depositor fears about the impending Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance Bill that makes it possible to deploy investor savings to bail out stressed banks and financial institutions. There could be some truth in these explanations, but the genesis of the current cash crisis is firmly rooted in the lack of system-wide thinking that went into the Centre’s big-bang note ban gambit. The government may have chosen to go for Rs. 2,000 notes post-demonetisation to remonetise the economy faster, but with lower denomination notes taking longer to flow freely, circulation wasn’t efficient and the big note has become a preferred mode for hoarding capital. That a plan to re-introduce Rs. 1,000 notes was later junked didn’t help; nor did the difference in the sizes of the new notes. As the RBI noted on Tuesday, recalibration of ATMs is still under way for the Rs. 200 note. Demonetisation may have been aimed at weeding out black money, but perpetuating dependency on the Rs. 2,000 note ignores an age-old heuristic for currency management that every denomination should be 2 to 2.5 times its preceding denomination. The current cash crunch shows how the consequences of the overnight demonetisation of November 8-9, 2016 continue to haunt us.


1) Acquittal

Meaning: A judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.

Example: “the trial resulted in an acquittal”

Synonyms: Absolution, Clearing

Antonyms: Conviction

2) Reinforce

Meaning: Strengthen (an existing feeling, idea, or habit).

Example: “the next few months reinforced my opinion of Vince as a man of his word”

Synonyms: Strengthen, Fortify

3) Cynicism

Meaning: An inclination to believe that people are motivated purely by self-interest; scepticism.

Example: “public cynicism about politics”

Synonyms: Doubt, Mistrust

Antonyms: Optimism

4) Conviction

Meaning: A formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.

Example: “she had a previous conviction for a similar offence”

Synonyms: Sentence, Judgement

Antonyms: Acquittal

5) Shattered

Meaning: Damage or destroy (something abstract).

Example: “the crisis will shatter their confidence”

Synonyms: Destroy, Crush

6) Incarceration

Meaning: The state of being confined in prison; imprisonment.

Example: “the public would not be served by her incarceration”

Synonyms: Imprisonment, Confinement

Antonyms: Freedom

7) Protracted

Meaning: Lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual.

Example: “a protracted and bitter dispute”

8) Miscarriage

Meaning: An unsuccessful outcome of something planned.

Example: “the miscarriage of the project”

Synonyms: Failure, Ruin

9) Portrayed

Meaning: Describe (someone or something) in a particular way.

Example: “the book portrayed him as a self-serving careerist”

Synonyms: Represent, Depict

10) Perpetrators

Meaning: A person who carries out a harmful, illegal, or immoral act.

Example: “the perpetrators of this horrific crime must be brought to justice”

11) Bolstered

Meaning: Support or strengthen.

Example: “the fall in interest rates is starting to bolster confidence”

Synonyms: Strengthen, Support

Antonyms: Undermine

12) Confession

Meaning: A formal statement admitting that one is guilty of a crime.

Example: “he signed a confession to both the murders”

Synonyms: Admission, Profession

Antonyms: Concealment, Denial

13) Retraction

Meaning: A withdrawal of a statement, accusation, or undertaking.

Example: “he issued a retraction of his allegations”

14) Inevitable

Meaning: Certain to happen; unavoidable.

Example: “war was inevitable”

Synonyms: Unavoidable, Certain

Antonyms: Avoidable, Uncertain

15) Knee-jerk

Meaning: (of a response) automatic and unthinking.

Example: “a knee-jerk reaction”

16) Tainted

Meaning: Affect with a bad or undesirable quality.

Example: “his administration was tainted by scandal”

Synonyms: Tarnish, Stain

Antonyms: Improve

17) Shoddy

Meaning: Badly made or done.

Example: “we’re not paying good money for shoddy goods”

Synonyms: Inferior, Cheap

Antonyms: Well made, Careful

18) Irresolute

Meaning: Showing or feeling hesitancy; uncertain.

Example: “she stood irresolute outside his door”

Synonyms: Indecisive, Tentative

Antonyms: Decisive

19) Hostile

Meaning: Showing or feeling opposition or dislike; unfriendly.

Example: “a hostile audience”

Synonyms: Aggressive, Combative

Antonyms: Friendly, Mild

20) Credibility

Meaning: Able to be believed or trusted.

Example: They haven’t produced any credible evidence for convicting him.

Synonyms: Acceptability, Reliability

21) Scrap

Meaning: Abolish or cancel (a plan, policy, or law).

Example: “he supports the idea that road tax should be scrapped”

Synonyms: Abandon, Abolish

Antonyms: Keep, Restore

22) In the throes of

Meaning: In the middle of doing or dealing with something very difficult or painful.

Example: “a friend was in the throes of a divorce”

Synonyms: Facing, Enduring

23) Crunch

Meaning: A difficult situation that forces you to make a decision or do something.

Example: The crunch came when she was forced to choose between her marriage and her career.

Synonyms: Critical point, Crisis

24) Belatedly

Meaning: Later than should have been the case.

Example: “the High Command had belatedly altered its tactics”

25) Manifestation

Meaning: The action or fact of showing something.

Example: “the manifestation of anxiety over disease”

Synonyms: Display, Exhibition

26) Spurt

Meaning: To increase or grow very quickly, or to suddenly increase by a particular amount.

Example: Shares of the jewellery store chain spurted $6.

Synonyms: Increasing, Intensifying

27) Dispensing

Meaning: Distribute or provide (a service or information) to a number of people.

Example: “orderlies went round dispensing drinks”

Synonyms: Distribute, Apportion

Antonyms: Collect

28) Reluctant

Meaning: Unwilling and hesitant; disinclined.

Example: “today, many ordinary people are still reluctant to talk about politics”

Synonyms: Unwilling, Resistant

Antonyms: Willing, Eager

29) Asserted

Meaning: State a fact or belief confidently and forcefully.

Example: “the company asserts that the cuts will not affect development”

Synonyms: Declare, Maintain

30) Ramped up

Meaning: To increase the speed, power, or cost of something.

Example: Announcement of the merger is expected to ramp up share prices over the next few days.

Synonyms: Increasing

31) Replenishing

Meaning: Restore (a stock or supply) to a former level or condition.

Example: “all creatures need sleep to replenish their energies”

Synonyms: Restock, Restore

Antonyms: Exhaust

32) Abound

Meaning: Exist in large numbers or amounts.

Example: “rumours of a further scandal abound”

Synonyms: Proliferate, Thrive

Antonyms: Meagre, Scanty

33) Prompted

Meaning: (of an event or fact) cause or bring about (an action or feeling).

Example: “the violence prompted a wave of refugees to flee the country”

Synonyms: Cause, Induce

Antonyms: Deter, Restrain

34) Impending

Meaning: Be about to happen.

Example: “my impending departure”

Synonyms: Imminent, Close

35) Genesis

Meaning: The origin or mode of formation of something.

Example: “this tale had its genesis in fireside stories”

Synonyms: Origin, Source

36) Big-bang

Meaning: The important changes made in 1986 to the rules for trading on the London Stock Exchange, or similar changes to other organizations.

Example: The article takes a look at how the City of London’s Big Bang has revolutionized Britain.

37) Gambit

Meaning: An act or remark that is calculated to gain an advantage, especially at the outset of a situation.

Example: “his resignation was a tactical gambit”

Synonyms: Scheme, Tactic

38) Junked

Meaning: Discard or abandon unceremoniously.

Example: “sort out what could be sold off and junk the rest”

Synonyms: Discard, Scrap

39) Recalibration

Meaning: Calibrate (something) again or differently.

Example: “the sensors had to be recalibrated”

40) Perpetuating

Meaning: Make (something) continue indefinitely.

Example: “the confusion was perpetuated through inadvertence”

Synonyms: Preserve, Conserve

Want to learn more , Check the Previous Day of THE HINDU EDITORIAL which was published in our Bankersdaily and learn new words to enhance your Vocabulary.


Aspirants can also check the previous month THE HINDU EDITORIAL and can improve the vocabulary list & can ace the exams. Learning the language is easy and this will make the process simple.