THE HINDU EDITORIAL : DECEMBER 8, 2018
THE HINDU EDITORIAL : DECEMBER 8, 2018
Dear Banking Aspirants,
THE HINDU EDITORIAL – December 8, 2018, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like IBPS Clerk 2018, Canara Bank PO – PGDBF 2018 and IBPS SO 2018. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.
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A) The Michel test case: on India’s extradition track record
The extradition may have been a diplomatic success, but don’t tout it as a political victory
The extradition to India of British businessman Christian Michel, alleged to be the middleman in the AgustaWestland helicopters case who bribed officials to secure the deal, is a diplomatic success for a number of reasons. India’s track record with securing the extradition of fugitives from justice is modest, with only about a third of all requests since 2002 being accepted. Amongst the 44 countries India has extradition treaties with, the United Arab Emirates has been the most amenable; it has deported or extradited 19 of 66 fugitives to India in the past decade and a half. A reason for the low success rate in the past is the perception that India’s criminal justice system delivers too slowly. A case in point was the last high-profile case of the 1993 Mumbai blasts accused Abu Salem, who was extradited from Portugal in 2005. His trial was finally completed in 2017, when he was sentenced to life. Mr. Michel’s case is also unique since he is a British, not an Indian national; and unlike similar cases in which extradition was granted, he is not wanted on serious criminal charges like murder. His extradition comes at a time when several other cases of businessmen who have fled India are pending, causing the government some embarrassment. No doubt, Mr. Michel’s extradition for a case of corruption involving the previous Congress-led UPA government came at a timely juncture for the BJP-led NDA government, during the last stretch of the campaign for State elections. It is no secret that the government pursued the case of Mr. Michel single-mindedly, with the National Security Adviser reported to have made several trips to the UAE to secure the extradition.
However, it is short-sighted for the government and the ruling party to play the diplomatic success as a political victory. The government must be aware that its actions in the Michel case are under close scrutiny, not just from the UAE, whose courts deliberated for some months on whether to send him to India, but other countries where India has about 150 pending requests at present. Thus the Central Bureau of Investigation, which has received custody of Mr. Michel for five days from a special court, must take pains to adhere to internationally accepted norms of interrogation, lest it gives other fugitives fuel to oppose pleas for their extradition to India. The U.K. has also taken up strenuously its request for consular access to Mr. Michel, and New Delhi’s record in fulfilling its diplomatic obligations may impact high-profile cases in U.K. courts, including Vijay Mallya’s and Nirav Modi’s. If handled professionally and without politicisation, Mr. Michel’s extradition could reveal important leads in the helicopters case. It would also bolster India’s reputation as a country serious about ensuring that justice is served, and expeditiously so.
B) Uneasy truce: on Huawei executive arrest
The U.S. action against a top Huawei executive threatens the tariff thaw with China
The 90-day trade truce between China and the United States reached over the weekend on the sidelines of the G20 meet in Argentina is already proving to be fragile. Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei’s chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou was arrested recently by Canadian authorities, acting on an extradition request from the U.S. Ms. Wanzhou is the daughter of the company’s founder Ren Zhengfei, a former member of the Chinese military. The arrest happened around the time U.S. President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping met in Buenos Aires to defuse trade tensions between their countries, but news of the arrest broke only on Wednesday. Huawei at this moment has been accused of breaching American sanctions against Iran, but U.S. lawmakers have also been concerned about the Chinese government using the company to carry out spying operations on foreign soil. Last year, it is worth noting, Chinese telecom giant ZTE reached a settlement with the U.S. government over charges of exporting banned items to Iran. Markets across the world were negatively affected on Thursday as trade tensions looked to flare up once again between the world’s two largest economies.
It is hard to determine whether the present U.S. action against the Huawei official is based on legitimate concerns about national security or if the U.S. has simply attacked China on yet another front in the ongoing trade war. To be sure, other countries, including Australia and the United Kingdom, have also been quite wary about doing business with Huawei due to the alleged gathering of intelligence by the company. In particular, they fear that Huawei’s involvement in building their 5G network could lead to problems linked to cyber-espionage. At the same time, radical anti-Chinese politicians in the U.S. have every reason to exaggerate national security concerns simply in order to justify protectionist sanctions against Chinese companies. Huawei has clearly been seen by many as a serious threat to the global domination exerted by American technology companies. Either way, recent actions are bound to have a negative impact on U.S.-China trade ties as the Chinese will not be too happy about the continuing assault on multinational companies which have their roots in China. U.S. concerns about national security are also closely related to accusations against Huawei of violating intellectual property rights with the tacit approval of the Chinese government. The arrest might thus suggest that the U.S. may not go soft on its demand for the protection of intellectual property rights during its talks with the Chinese authorities in the next few months. With the rapid escalation in trade tensions over the year, it will take serious efforts to bring a lasting solution that is acceptable to both American and Chinese politicians.
Meaning : the action of extraditing a person accused or convicted of a crime.
Tamil Meaning : சரணடைவதற்கு
Antonyms : hold
Example : “they fought to prevent his extradition to the US”
Meaning : said, without proof, to have taken place or to have a specified illegal or undesirable quality(adj).
Tamil Meaning : கூறப்படும்
Antonyms : certain
Example : “the alleged conspirators”
Meaning : dishonestly persuade (someone) to act in one’s favour by a gift of money or other inducement(v) .
Tamil Meaning : லஞ்சம்
Antonyms : hindrance
Example : “they attempted to bribe opponents into losing”
Meaning : of or concerning diplomacy.
Tamil Meaning : தூதரக
Antonyms : rude
Example : “diplomatic relations with Britain were broken”
Meaning : a person who has escaped from captivity or is in hiding.
Tamil Meaning : தப்பித்தவர்கள்
Antonyms : enduring
Example : “fugitives from justice”
Meaning : unassuming in the estimation of one’s abilities or achievements.(adj)
Tamil Meaning : சாதாரண
Antonyms : brave
Example : “he was a very modest man, refusing to take any credit for the enterprise”
Meaning : open and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled(adj).
Tamil Meaning : ஏதுவானது
Antonyms : intractable
Example : “parents who have amenable children”
Meaning : expel (a foreigner) from a country, typically on the grounds of illegal status or for having committed a crime.(v)
Tamil Meaning : நாடுகடத்துமாறு
Antonyms : hold
Example : “he was deported for violation of immigration laws”
Meaning : the ability to see, hear, or become aware of something through the senses.
Tamil Meaning : கருத்து
Antonyms : concrete
Example : “the normal limits to human perception”
Meaning : run away from a place or situation of danger.
Tamil Meaning : தப்பியோட
Antonyms : arrive
Example : “to escape the fighting, his family fled from their village”
Meaning : a feeling of self-consciousness, shame, or awkwardness.
Antonyms : order
Example : “I turned red with embarrassment”
Meaning : a particular point in events or time.(n)
Tamil Meaning : சூழ்நிலையில்
Antonyms : certainty
Example : “it is difficult to say at this juncture whether this upturn can be sustained”
Meaning : an act of stretching one’s limbs or body.(n)
Tamil Meaning : நீட்டிக்க
Antonyms : stagnation
Example : “I got up and had a stretch”
Meaning : a series of military operations intended to achieve a goal, confined to a particular area, or involving a specified type of fighting.(n)
Tamil Meaning : பிரச்சாரம்
Antonyms : inaction
Example : “a desert campaign”
Meaning : critical observation or examination.(n)
Tamil Meaning : கண்காணிப்பின்
Example : “every aspect of local government was placed under scrutiny“
Meaning : done consciously and intentionally.(adj)
Tamil Meaning : வேண்டுமென்றே
Antonyms : careless
Example : “a deliberate attempt to provoke conflict”
Meaning : stick fast to (a surface or substance).
Tamil Meaning : கடைபிடிக்கின்றன
Antonyms : disobey
Example : “paint won’t adhere well to a greasy surface”
Meaning : the action of interrogating or the process of being interrogated.
Tamil Meaning : விசாரணை
Example : “would he keep his mouth shut under interrogation ?”
Meaning : with the intention of preventing (something undesirable); to avoid the risk of.
Synonyms: in case
Example : “he spent whole days in his room, wearing headphones lest he disturb anyone”
Meaning : a request made in an urgent and emotional manner.
Antonyms : demand
Example : “he made a dramatic plea for disarmament”
Meaning : in a way that requires great physical exertion(adv).
Tamil Meaning : ஊக்கமுடன்
Antonyms : cowardly
Example : “drink more if you’re exercising strenuously”
Meaning :relating to the consul or consulate in a foreign city.
Tamil Meaning : துணைத்தூதரக
Antonyms : apolitical
Example : “a consular official must interview applicants”
Meaning : the action of one object coming forcibly into contact with another.
Tamil Meaning : தாக்கம்
Antonyms : avoidance
Example : “there was the sound of a third impact”
Meaning : make (previously unknown or secret information) known to others(v).
Tamil Meaning : வெளிப்படுத்த
Antonyms : conceal
Example : “Brenda was forced to reveal Robbie’s whereabouts”
Meaning : make certain that (something) will occur or be the case(v).
Tamil Meaning : உறுதி
Antonyms : endanger
Example : “the client must ensure that accurate records are kept”
Meaning : with speed and efficiency.
Tamil Meaning : துரிதமாக
Antonyms : inefficiently
Example : “the directors will move expeditiously to reach a conclusion”
Meaning : an agreement between enemies or opponents to stop fighting or arguing for a certain time(n).
Tamil Meaning : சமாதான
Antonyms : continuation
Example : “the guerrillas called a three-day truce”
Meaning : (of an object) easily broken or damaged(adj).
Tamil Meaning : உடையக்கூடிய
Antonyms : able
Example : “fragile items such as glass and china”
Meaning : remove the fuse from (an explosive device) in order to prevent it from exploding.
Tamil Meaning : தணி
Antonyms : increase
Example : “explosives specialists tried to defuse the grenade”
Meaning : a person or group of people who are charged with or on trial for a crime.
Tamil Meaning : குற்றஞ்சாட்டினார்
Antonyms : acquitted
Example : “the accused was ordered to stand trial on a number of charges”
Meaning : make a gap in and break through (a wall, barrier, or defence).
Antonyms : give
Example : “the river breached its bank”
Meaning : worried, troubled, or anxious.
Tamil Meaning : சம்பந்தப்பட்ட
Antonyms : collected
Example : “the villagers are concerned about burglaries”
Meaning : a sudden brief burst of bright flame or light.(n)
Tamil Meaning : விரிவடைய
Example : “the flare of the match lit up his face”
Meaning : feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.(adj)
Tamil Meaning : எச்சரிக்கையாக
Antonyms : careless
Example : “dogs which have been mistreated often remain very wary of strangers”
Meaning : the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.(n)
Tamil Meaning : உளவு
Example : “the camouflage and secrecy of espionage”
Meaning : represent (something) as being larger, better, or worse than it really is.(v)
Tamil Meaning : பெரிதுபடுத்த
Antonyms : compress
Example : “she was apt to exaggerate any aches and pains”
Meaning : apply or bring to bear (a force, influence, or quality).(v)
Tamil Meaning : செலுத்திய
Antonyms : conceal
Example : “the moon exerts a force on the Earth”
Meaning : make a physical attack on.(v)
Tamil Meaning : தாக்குதல்
Antonyms : retreat
Example : “he pleaded guilty to assaulting a police officer”
Meaning : understood or implied without being stated(adj).
Tamil Meaning : மறைமுகமான
Antonyms : stated
Example : “your silence may be taken to mean tacit agreement”
Meaning : a person possessing a highly developed intellect.(n)
Tamil Meaning : அறிவுசார்
Antonyms : physical
Example : “a prominent political thinker and intellectual”
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