THE HINDU EDITORIAL : DECEMBER 7, 2018
THE HINDU EDITORIAL : DECEMBER 7, 2018
Dear Banking Aspirants,
THE HINDU EDITORIAL – December 7, 2018, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like IBPS Clerk 2018, Canara Bank PO – PGDBF 2018 and IBPS SO 2018. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.
A) Shielding witnesses: on protection scheme
A robust witness protection scheme will strengthen the criminal justice system
The witness protection programme is at last in place. Pending legislation by Parliament, the Supreme Court has asked States to implement a scheme framed by the Centre to protect witnesses in criminal trials from threat, intimidation and undue influence. Given the abysmal rate of convictions in the country, it is inexcusable that it took so long. The need to protect witnesses has been emphasised by Law Commission reports and court judgments for years. Witnesses turning hostile is a major reason for most acquittals. In the current system, there is little incentive for witnesses to turn up in court and testify against criminals. Besides threats to their lives, they experience hostility and harassment while attending courts. The tardy judicial process seldom takes into account the distance they have travelled or the time they have lost in attending court, only to be told they have to return another day. As Justice A.K. Sikri points out, the condition of witnesses in the Indian legal system is “pathetic”, as it takes them for granted. It is gratifying that the court has played a proactive role in getting the Centre and the States to come up with a concrete proposal. The Centre deserves credit for coming forward to suggest that its draft witness protection scheme be introduced by judicial mandate instead of waiting for formal legislation.
In its minutiae the scheme appears workable, but its efficacy will be confirmed only with the passage of time. It broadly classifies witnesses in need of protection into three types based on the threat assessment. A witness protection order will be passed by a competent authority. The scheme is to be funded by budgetary support from State governments and donations. This is at variance with the Law Commission’s recommendation in 2006 that the Centre and the States share the cost equally. Basic features such as in camera trial, proximate physical protection and anonymising of testimony and references to witnesses in the records are not difficult to implement. The real test will be the advanced forms of identity protection: giving witnesses a new identity, address and even ‘parentage’, with matching documents. All this needs to be done without undermining their professional and property rights and educational qualifications. The introduction of the scheme marks a leap forward. Until now, there have been ad hoc steps such as those outlined for concealing the identity of witnesses in anti-terrorism and child-centric laws. A few dedicated courtrooms for vulnerable witnesses, mostly child victims, are also functional. However, expanding such facilities and implementing a comprehensive and credible witness protection programme will pose logistical and financial challenges. It will be well worth the effort, as the scheme could help strengthen India’s tottering criminal justice system.
B) Quick retreat: on French protests
The French government rolls back a planned fuel tax hike, but the protests are widening
French President Emmanuel Macron’s reforms programme could be at risk of losing steam in the wake of weeks of violent countrywide protests triggered by a proposed increase in the fuel tax. Paradoxically, as head of the centrist La République En Marche party, he had swept to power on a pledge of modernising the economy and restoring popular trust in politicians. Public anger against the fuel tax has escalated into a broad-based opposition to the government’s overall policies. Prime Minister Edouard Philippe initially said the duty hike would be deferred for six months. But on Wednesday the government cancelled the tax proposal altogether, arguing that a levy that was meant to induce motorists to go green was not worth the price if it undermined social cohesion. Mr. Philippe has also suggested that the introduction of additional safety checks on cars due to take effect next year could be delayed. The U-turn on measures to reduce CO2 emissions suggested that the government was on the back foot. The government has also said that it was open to reinstating the wealth tax, which was revised last year to narrow its scope. The measure was intended to improve the investment climate and boost growth and employment. But the accompanying flat tax rate on capital gains and dividends, besides limits on trade unions to negotiate wages, only served to reinforce Mr. Macron’s image as a President of the rich.
The yellow-vest protests have shone the light on France’s tax system, its rates said to be the highest in the European Union, and buttressed the demand for improvements in the standard of living. The government is committed to increasing the minimum wage from next year but could now face pressure for further concessions on social welfare. Conversely, Paris would also be constrained to demonstrate compliance with EU rules that set an annual fiscal deficit target of below 3% of GDP on member-states. Adherence to common norms would especially be on Brussels’s radar after the recent stand-off involving the Italian government. A concern linked to the withdrawal of the tax increase is the rise in France’s carbon emissions. The mass protests have, unwittingly, pitted the majority who would have been hit by the higher levy against the imperative to meet the Paris climate agreement targets. Mr. Macron, who has fashioned himself as a champion of the green cause, can realise the mission to combat global warming only by rallying his people. His ability to regain lost ground will determine the prospects of warding off the populist threat in the 2019 European Parliament elections. His handling of the challenges at home will crucially define his ambitions on the EU stage.
Meaning : a tool, utensil, or other piece of equipment that is used for a particular purpose(n).
Tamil Meaning : செயல்படுத்த
Synonyms : achieve
Antonyms : ignore
Example : “garden implements”
Meaning : a formal examination of evidence by a judge, typically before a jury, in order to decide guilt in a case of criminal or civil proceedings.
Tamil Meaning : சோதனை
Synonyms : effort
Antonyms : abstention
Example : “the newspaper accounts of the trial”
Meaning : the action of intimidating someone, or the state of being intimidated.
Synonyms : coercion
Antonyms : encourage
Example : “the intimidation of witnesses and jurors”
Meaning : unwarranted or inappropriate because excessive or disproportionate(adj).
Tamil Meaning : தகாத
Synonyms : extreme
Antonyms : appropriate
Example : “this figure did not give rise to undue concern”
Meaning : extremely bad; appalling.
Synonyms : complete
Antonyms : low
Example : “the quality of her work is abysmal”
Meaning : a firmly held belief or opinion.
Tamil Meaning : நம்பிக்கைகளுடனும்
Synonyms : feeling
Antonyms : distrust
Example : “she takes pride in stating her political convictions”
Meaning : showing or feeling opposition or dislike; unfriendly.
Tamil Meaning : விரோதமாக
Synonyms : adverse
Antonyms : agreeable
Example : “a hostile audience”
Meaning : a judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged(n).
Tamil Meaning : தள்ளுபடி செய்யப்பட்டதை
Synonyms : absolution
Antonyms : retention
Example : “the trial resulted in an acquittal”
Meaning : delaying or delayed beyond the right or expected time; late.
Tamil Meaning : மெத்தனமாக
Synonyms : belated
Antonyms : early
Example : “please forgive this tardy reply”
Meaning : give (someone) pleasure or satisfaction(v).
Tamil Meaning : திருப்திப்படுத்த
Synonyms : enchant
Antonyms : depress
Example : “she was gratified to see the shock in Jim’s eyes”
Meaning : (of a person or action) creating or controlling a situation rather than just responding to it after it has happened(adj).
Tamil Meaning : உயிர்ப்பான
Synonyms : aggressive
Antonyms : idle
Example : “employers must take a proactive approach to equal pay”
Meaning : do something or have or show qualities worthy of (a reaction which rewards or punishes as appropriate(v).
Tamil Meaning : உரியதாகும்
Synonyms : earn
Antonyms : fail
Example : “the referee deserves a pat on the back”
Meaning : the small, precise, or trivial details of something.
Synonyms : incidental
Antonyms : generality
Example : “the minutiae of everyday life”
Meaning : the ability to produce a desired or intended result.(v)
Synonyms : competence
Antonyms : inadequacy
Example : “there is little information on the efficacy of this treatment”
Meaning : having the necessary ability, knowledge, or skill to do something successfully(adj).
Tamil Meaning : தகுதிவாய்ந்த
Synonyms : adequate
Antonyms : impotent
Example : “a highly competent surgeon”
Meaning : nearly accurate; approximate.
Tamil Meaning : அருகில்
Synonyms : direct
Antonyms : distant
Example : “he would try to change her speech into proximate ladylikeness
Meaning : a formal written or spoken statement, especially one given in a court of law.(n)
Tamil Meaning : சாட்சியம்
Synonyms : affidavit
Antonyms : denial
Example : “the testimony of an eyewitness”
Meaning : not allow to be seen; hide.
Tamil Meaning : மறைத்து
Synonyms : obscure
Antonyms : disregard
Example : “a line of sand dunes concealed the distant sea”
Meaning : exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.(adj)
Tamil Meaning : பாதிக்கப்படக்கூடிய
Synonyms : accessible
Antonyms : protected
Example : “we were in a vulnerable position”
Meaning : present or constitute (a problem or danger)(v).
Synonyms : posture
Antonyms : reality
Example : “the sheer number of visitors is posing a threat to the area”
Meaning : move in a feeble or unsteady way.
Synonyms : suspect
Antonyms : strong
Example : “a hunched figure tottering down the path”
Meaning : in a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory way.(adv)
Tamil Meaning : முரண்பாடாக
Synonyms : incongruously
Antonyms : logically
Example : “the strength of capitalism is, paradoxically, also its weakness”
Meaning : clean (an area) by brushing away dirt or litter.
Tamil Meaning : சுத்தமாகவே
Synonyms : broom
Antonyms : dirty
Example : “I’ve swept the floor”
Meaning : increase rapidly.
Synonyms : heighten
Antonyms : decrease
Example : “the price of tickets escalated”
Meaning : put off (an action or event) to a later time; postpone(v).
Tamil Meaning : ஒத்திவைக்கப்பட்ட
Synonyms : delayed
Antonyms : advanced
Example : “they deferred the decision until February”
Meaning : impose (a tax, fee, or fine).
Synonyms : excise
Antonyms : displace
Example : “a tax of two per cent was levied on all cargoes”
Meaning : succeed in persuading or leading (someone) to do something.(v)
Tamil Meaning : தூண்ட
Synonyms : convince
Antonyms : destroy
Example : “the pickets induced many workers to stay away”
Meaning : restore (someone or something) to their former position or state(v).
Tamil Meaning : மேல்முறையீடில்
Synonyms : renew
Antonyms : destroy
Example : “the union threatened strike action if Owen was not reinstated”
Meaning : the person one intends to marry; one’s fiancé or fiancée(n).
Tamil Meaning : நோக்கம்
Synonyms : contracted
Antonyms : unfixed
Example : “she used to be my intended”
Meaning : strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material(v).
Tamil Meaning : வலுப்படுத்தும்
Synonyms : bolster
Antonyms : diminish
Example : “the helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork”
Meaning : (of the sun or another source of light) give out a bright light(v).
Tamil Meaning : பிரகாசிப்பார்
Synonyms : gleam
Antonyms : darken
Example : “the sun shone through the window”
Meaning : a thing that is granted, especially in response to demands.(n)
Tamil Meaning : சலுகைகள்
Synonyms : privilege
Antonyms : denial
Example : “the government was unwilling to make any further concessions”
Meaning : compel or force (someone) to follow a particular course of action(v).
Tamil Meaning : கட்டுப்படுத்தப்படும்
Synonyms : strained
Antonyms : freed
Example : “children are constrained to work in the way the book dictates”
Meaning : a person’s capacity for intuitive perception; a special sensitivity for factors, trends, etc.
Synonyms : sonar
Example : “keep your radar tuned to changes at work”
Meaning : make (someone) anxious or worried.
Tamil Meaning : அக்கறை
Synonyms : involvement
Antonyms : fun
Example : “the roof of the barn concerns me because eventually it will fall in”
Meaning : having a hollow or indentation on the surface(adj).
Tamil Meaning : உருவெடுக்கிறார்
Synonyms : contend
Antonyms : agree
Example : “his jowled and pitted face”
Meaning : fighting between armed forces.(n)
Tamil Meaning : போர்
Synonyms : conflict
Antonyms : harmony
Example : “five Hurricanes were shot down in combat”
Meaning : having the effect of calling people to action.(adj)
Synonyms : assemble
Antonyms : disenchant
Example : “a rallying cry”
Meaning : introducing a statement or idea which reverses one that has just been made or referred to.
Tamil Meaning : மாறாக
Synonyms : contrarily
Example : “he would have preferred his wife not to work, although conversely he was also proud of what she did”
Meaning : the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring.(n)
Tamil Meaning : வாய்ப்புக்கள்
Synonyms : expectation
Antonyms : impossibility
Example : “there was no prospect of a reconciliation”
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Other Important Notification: Released In October 2018