THE HINDU EDITORIAL: JUNE 1, 2019
THE HINDU EDITORIAL – June 1, 2019, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like SBI PO 2019, SBI CLERK 2019, LIC AAO 2019, FCI Prelims 2019 & CWC 2019 and other banking Exams. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.
PM Modi’s new Council
There is a clear realignment of power in the second Modi government
His self-assurance boosted by a massive popular mandate, Prime Minister Narendra Modi constituted a 58-member Council of Ministers, with more than 20 fresh faces, on Thursday. In a group far outshone by its leader, analysing individual talent is not easy, and may be irrelevant too. Mr. Modi, characteristically, sees to it that his imprimatur on all executive decisions is unmistakable. Still, the composition of the council throws light on Mr. Modi’s thinking. The induction of his long-time lieutenant and BJP president Amit Shah as Home Minister not only fortifies the Prime Minister’s authority, it might be the precursor to further changes in the party organisation and the national security architecture. While Mr. Shah’s entry into the Cabinet was expected, the surprise induction of former Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar as the External Affairs Minister is evidently meant to deal with the choppy international waters that rock India’s sailing. Mr. Jaishankar has been a close confidant of Mr. Modi. He has his task cut out, as India faces challenges with its most important international partner, the U.S. The spillover effects impact the country’s interests in multiple ways, including its objectives of economic and technological advancement. By placing the two confidants in critical Ministries, Mr. Modi appears to loosen the grip of his own office on the government; the effects will be felt by National Security Adviser Ajit Doval if he continues into a second term, as is widely expected. The triumvirate of Mr. Modi, Mr. Shah and Mr. Jaishankar will form the centre of power.
Rajnath Singh as Defence Minister and Nirmala Sitharaman as Finance Minister are next in the pecking order. While the top layer of the Council is infused with fresh talent and is expected to generate new momentum, its representative character is skewed. It has only six women, one less than the previous one; the majority community and the Hindi heartland States have disproportionate representation. While Mr. Modi rewarded the upper caste groups that supported him wholeheartedly, the OBCs and Dalits who shifted to his party significantly in 2019 have had to be content with lower representation, at least for now. There is an argument that it is healthy that Mr. Modi does not bargain with caste, linguistic and region-oriented interests groups. Apna Dal leader Anupriya Patel from Uttar Pradesh was dropped; the Janata Dal (United) from Bihar was offered only one berth, which it refused to accept; and the Shiv Sena wanted at least three but has had to be content with one. As equations change, Mr. Modi might have to rethink these positions and there is scope to expand. A Council more representative in nature, in terms of gender, social and linguistic backgrounds and religion, will better reflect the mosaic that is India.
Meaning: the action of changing or restoring something to a different or former position or state.
Tamil Meaning: மறுசீரமைப்பிற்கும்
Synonyms: Changeover, Conversion
Antonyms: Decline, Decrease
Example Sentence: “the scheme will require the realignment of local roads”
Meaning: a positive declaration intended to give confidence; a promise.
Tamil Meaning: உத்தரவாதம்
Synonyms: word of honour, word, guarantee, promise, pledge
Antonyms: self-doubt, nervousness
Example Sentence: “he gave an assurance that work would begin on Monday”
Meaning: help or encourage (something) to increase or improve.
Tamil Meaning: உயர்த்தப்படுகிறது
Synonyms: Improve, raise, uplift, increase, augment
Antonyms: Decrease, hinder
Example Sentence: “a range of measures to boost tourism”
Meaning: an official order or commission to do something.
Tamil Meaning: ஆணை
Synonyms: Instruction, directive, direction, decree, command, order
Antonyms: Breach, Break, Denial
Example Sentence: “a mandate from the UN was necessary”
Meaning: shine more brightly than.
Tamil Meaning: மிஞ்சு
Synonyms: Surpass, be superior to, overshadow, eclipse
Antonyms: Aid, Be inferior, Fail, Fall Behind
Example Sentence: “a supernova would outshine all the other stars in its galaxy”
Meaning: not connected with or relevant to something.
Tamil Meaning: பொருத்தமற்ற
Synonyms: beside the point, not to the point, immaterial, not pertinent
Example Sentence: “an irrelevant comment”
Meaning: a person’s authoritative approval.
Tamil Meaning: அங்கீகாரத்துடனும்
Example Sentence: “the original LP enjoyed the imprimatur of the composer”
- throws light
Meaning: To reveal information or details about something; to clarify or help people understand something.
Synonym: Clarify, Construe, Decipher, Depict
Antonym: Confuse, Disbelieve
Example Sentence: We’ve hired a private investigator to help throw light on the clandestine dealings of the baron.
Meaning: the action or process of inducting someone to a post or organization.
Synonyms: Inauguration, Introduction
Antonyms: End, Finish
Example Sentence: “induction into membership of a Masonic brotherhood”
Meaning: provide (a place) with defensive works as protection against attack.
Tamil Meaning: பலப்படுத்துகிறது
Synonyms: Build defences round, strengthen with defensive works, secure
Example Sentence: “the whole town was heavily fortified”
Meaning: a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner.
Tamil Meaning: முன்னோடி
Synonyms: Forerunner, predecessor, forefather, father
Example Sentence: “a three-stringed precursor of the violin”
Meaning: an agreement between two or more people or groups as to what each will do for the other.
Tamil Meaning: பேரம்
Synonyms: Agreement, arrangement, understanding, deal; contract
Antonyms: Disagreement, Misunderstanding
Example Sentence: “bargains between political parties supporting the government”
Meaning: (of a sea, lake, or river) having many small waves.
Tamil Meaning: மாறி
Synonyms: rough, full of waves, turbulent, heavy, heaving, storm-tossed
Antonyms: Calm, smooth
Example Sentence: “sea conditions are often very choppy”
Meaning: a person with whom one shares a secret or private matter, trusting them not to repeat it to others.
Tamil Meaning: நம்பிக்கைக்குரியவரான
Synonyms: close friend, bosom friend, best friend, close associate
Antonyms: Enemy, Foe, Stranger
Example Sentence: “a close confidante of the princess”
- cut out
Meaning: (of a motor or engine) suddenly stop operating.
Tamil Meaning: வெட்டு
Synonyms: Stop working, cease to function, stop, fail
Antonyms: Add, Put In, Include
Meaning: an instance of overflowing or spreading into another area.
Tamil Meaning: மிகை வழிதல்
Synonyms: Deluge, Flash Flood, Torrent
Antonyms: Discouragement, Lack, Insufficiency
Example Sentence: “there has been a spillover into state schools of the ethos of independent schools”
Meaning: a group of three powerful or notable people or things / (in ancient Rome) a group of three men holding power, in particular ( the First Triumvirate ) the unofficial coalition of Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus in 60 BC and ( the Second Triumvirate ) a coalition formed by Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian in 43 BC.
Example Sentence: “a triumvirate of three executive vice presidents”
Meaning: suddenly change direction or position.
Tamil Meaning: திரித்துக் கூறப்பட்ட
Synonyms: Alter, Bias, Misrepresent, Slant
Antonyms: Maintain, Straighten
Example Sentence: “the car had skewed across the track”
Meaning: (of a horse) pitch forward or stumble as a result of striking the ground with the front rather than the flat of the hoof.
Tamil Meaning: கொத்திக்
Example Sentence: “part of a wall was pecked down and carted away”
Meaning: too large or too small in comparison with something else.
Tamil Meaning: சமமற்ற
Synonyms: out of proportion to, not in proportion to, not appropriate to
Example Sentence: “people on lower incomes spend a disproportionate amount of their income on fuel”
Check the other – THE HINDU EDITORIAL vocabulary words from previous days in THE HINDU EDITORIAL section which has bilingual meanings.
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