THE HINDU EDITORIAL: MAY 27, 2019
THE HINDU EDITORIAL – May 27, 2019, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like SBI PO 2019, SBI CLERK 2019, LIC AAO 2019, FCI Prelims 2019 & CWC 2019 and other banking Exams. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.
Facing the debacle: Congress cannot look away from the dynasty dilemma
Congress’s stocktaking must be deeper than an off-the-cuff take on Rahul Gandhi
In light of the Congress’s dismal defeat in the 17th general election, Congress president Rahul Gandhi’s offer to resign from his party post at the Congress Working Committee on Saturday was on expected lines. What came as a surprise is the indication that he was seemingly unmoved by the CWC resolution that urged him to continue as president and restructure the party. Either way, whether Mr. Gandhi finally insists on quitting or allows himself to be persuaded otherwise, the party cannot look away from a dilemma that has shadowed it for long: the double-edged sword of the dynasty. Devoid of a coherent ideology or organisational structure, especially over the past two decades, the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty has remained the party’s cementing glue. The family is projected as the party’s emotional currency with the public and the Gandhi surname is invoked to hark back to the formative years of modern India. However, now in 2019, facing its toughest crisis, the Congress must address the question unflinchingly, and in depth, if it is to refresh itself as a political force. The decline of the Congress is symptomatic of the fading appeal of the old ways of conducting politics and of the disenchantment with opaque and unaccountable power-wielding by political dynasties. Also, as with the Left and Mandal parties, the Congress has collectively failed to upgrade its message, modes of outreach and organisational structures. But the Congress’s success in nimbly facing up to the rout is vital if India is to have a coherent political opposition that keeps the government of the day democratically accountable.
Of course, Congress leaders argue that the party would disintegrate if Mr. Gandhi were to quit. Mr. Gandhi, who had once likened power to poison, must take full responsibility for his party’s debacle. However, figuring out the form that this account-taking must assume is what makes it a difficult moment for him and the Congress. Whether Mr. Gandhi sticks to his resolve to quit or not, the party will have to go through a process of revitalisation that deals with the hollowing out of its intra-party democracy. Any organisational reform that does not decentralise decision-making and fix accountability at all levels is bound to fail. It must involve a frank assessment of the Congress’s risk of failing to cohere if Mr. Gandhi were to abruptly leave his post as party president. True, the Congress may well be able to sustain itself without a dynast. But unless the new leadership emerges through a truly democratic exercise, and is truly independent of the dynasty, any half-hearted restructuring will only lead to the enfeeblement of the party. A dynasty-free Congress will surely invigorate the Indian polity, but a Congress-free polity could well prove dangerous for Indian democracy.
- In light of
Meaning: drawing knowledge or information from; taking (something) into consideration.
Synonyms: As long as, All in all
Example Sentence: “the exorbitant prices are explainable in the light of the facts”
Meaning: depressing; dreary / pitifully or disgracefully bad.
Tamil Meaning: மோசமான
Synonyms: bad · poor · dreadful · awful · terrible · pitiful · disgraceful
Antonyms: Bright, Cheerful, Clear
Example Sentence: “he shuddered as he watched his team’s dismal performance”
Meaning: voluntarily leave a job or other position.
Tamil Meaning: ராஜினாமா
Synonyms: leave · go · hand in one’s notice · give in one’s notice
Antonyms: Assert, Begin, claim
Example Sentence: “he resigned from the government in protest at the policy”
Meaning: a sign or piece of information that indicates something.
Tamil Meaning: அறிகுறி / அடையாளம்
Synonyms: sign · indicator · symptom · mark · manifestation · signal ·
Example Sentence: “the visit was an indication of the improvement in relations between the countries”
Meaning: not changed in one’s purpose or intention / not changed in position
Synonyms: steadfast · firm · unshaken · staunch · unwavering
Antonyms: Affected, Caring, Moved, Touched
Example Sentence: “her opponents were unmoved and plan to return to court”
Meaning: try earnestly or persistently to persuade (someone) to do something / recommend or advocate (something) strongly.
Synonyms: encourage · try to persuade · enjoin · adjure · admonish · press
Antonyms: Disgust, Distaste,Dislike,Hate
Example Sentence: “I urge caution in interpreting these results”
Meaning: cause (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.
Tamil Meaning: அறிவுறு
Synonyms: prevail on · talk someone into · coax · convince · make · get
Example Sentence: “it wasn’t easy, but I persuaded him to do the right thing”
- look away
Meaning: To turn one’s face away (from someone or something); to avert one’s gaze (from someone or something).
Example Sentence: She looked away when I asked her if she had taken the money.
Meaning: a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, especially equally undesirable ones.
Tamil Meaning: குழப்பத்தில் / சிக்கலான நிலை
Synonyms: quandary · predicament · difficulty · problem · puzzle · conundrum
Antonyms: Advantage, Boon, Solution
Example Sentence: “the people often face the dilemma of feeding themselves or their cattle”
Meaning: envelop in shadow; cast a shadow over.
Synonyms: overshadow · cast a shadow over · envelop in shadow
Antonyms: Clear Up, Reveal, Open
Example Sentence: the market is shadowed by St. Margaret’s church”
Meaning: entirely lacking or free from.
Tamil Meaning: இல்லாமல்
Synonyms: lacking · without · free from/of · empty of · vacant of
Antonyms: Full, Complete, Filled
Example Sentence: “Lisa kept her voice devoid of emotion”
Meaning: (of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent / united as or forming a whole.
Tamil Meaning: ஒத்திசைவான
Synonyms: logical · reasoned · reasonable · well reasoned
Antonyms: Confused, Obscure, Disorderly
Example Sentence: “they failed to develop a coherent economic strategy”
Meaning: estimate or forecast (something) on the basis of present trends.
Tamil Meaning: திட்டமிட்டுள்ளது
Synonyms: forecast · predict · estimate · calculate · gauge · reckon
Antonyms: Destroyed, Disbelieve, Disorder, Disorganize
Example Sentence: “spending was projected at $72 million”
Meaning: cite or appeal to (someone or something) as an authority for an action or in support of an argument.
Tamil Meaning: செயல்படுத்தப்படுகின்றது
Synonyms: cite · refer to · adduce · instance · resort to · have recourse to
Antonyms: Answer, Give, Reply
Example Sentence: “the antiquated defense of insanity is rarely invoked today”
Meaning: serving to form something, especially having a profound and lasting influence on a person’s development.
Tamil Meaning: உருவாக்கம்
Synonyms: developmental · developing · growing · moldable
Antonyms: Destructive, Non-Influential
Example Sentence: “his formative years”
Meaning: not showing fear or hesitation in the face of danger or difficulty.
Tamil Meaning: தயக்கமின்றி
Synonyms: resolute · determined · single-minded · dogged · decided · resolved · firm
Antonyms: Fearfully, Timidly
Example Sentence: “he has shown unflinching determination throughout the campaign”
Meaning: (typically of something regarded as good) become smaller, fewer, or less; decrease.
Tamil Meaning: சரிவு
Synonyms: decrease · reduce · get smaller · grow smaller · lessen · get less
Antonyms: Increase, Rise, Success
Example Sentence: “the birth rate continued to decline”
Meaning: a feeling of disappointment about someone or something you previously respected or admired; disillusionment.
Tamil Meaning: உலகின் வெறுப்பு
Synonyms: disillusionment · disappointment · dissatisfaction · discontent
Antonyms: Achievement, Aid, Attainment, Blessing, Boon, Help
Example Sentence: “growing disenchantment with the leadership”
Meaning: in a nimble way.
Synonyms: agilely · lithely · acrobatically · lightly · easily · spryly
Example Sentence: “the monkey leapt nimbly from rock to rock”
Meaning: (of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent / (of a person) able to speak clearly and logically.
Tamil Meaning: coherent
Synonyms: logical · reasoned · reasonable · well reasoned · rational · sound
Antonyms: Confused, Disorderly, Irrational, Obscure
Example Sentence: “they failed to develop a coherent economic strategy”
Meaning: break up into small parts, typically as the result of impact or decay.
Tamil Meaning: சிதைக்கத்
Synonyms: break up · break apart · fall apart · fall to pieces · fall to bits
Antonyms: Build, Combine, Develop, Fix
Example Sentence: “when the missile struck, the car disintegrated in a sheet of searing flame”
Meaning: a sudden and ignominious failure; a fiasco.
Synonyms: fiasco · failure · catastrophe · disaster · disintegration · mess
Example Sentence: “the economic debacle that became known as the Great Depression”
Meaning: the action of imbuing something with new life and vitality.
Tamil Meaning: புத்துயிர்
Synonyms: Reactivation, Rebirth
Example Sentence: “the city has seen revitalization of its economy”
Meaning: strengthen or support physically or mentally / cause to continue or be prolonged for an extended period or without interruption.
Tamil Meaning: தாங்கி நில்
Synonyms: comfort · help · assist · encourage · succor · support
Antonyms: Harm, Hinder, Hurt, Obstruct
Example Sentence: “this thought had sustained him throughout the years”
Meaning: make weak or feeble.
Synonyms: weaken · make weak · make feeble · debilitate · incapacitate
Antonyms: ability, Strength, Vigor
Example Sentence: “trade unions are in an enfeebled state”
Check the other – THE HINDU EDITORIAL vocabulary words from previous days in THE HINDU EDITORIAL section which has bilingual meanings.
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