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THE HINDU EDITORIAL – May 27, 2019, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like  SBI PO 2019, SBI CLERK 2019, LIC AAO 2019, FCI Prelims 2019 & CWC 2019 and other banking Exams. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.

Facing the debacle: Congress cannot look away from the dynasty dilemma

Congress’s stocktaking must be deeper than an off-the-cuff take on Rahul Gandhi

In light of the Congress’s dismal defeat in the 17th general election, Congress president Rahul Gandhi’s offer to resign from his party post at the Congress Working Committee on Saturday was on expected lines. What came as a surprise is the indication that he was seemingly unmoved by the CWC resolution that urged him to continue as president and restructure the party. Either way, whether Mr. Gandhi finally insists on quitting or allows himself to be persuaded otherwise, the party cannot look away from a dilemma that has shadowed it for long: the double-edged sword of the dynasty. Devoid of a coherent ideology or organisational structure, especially over the past two decades, the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty has remained the party’s cementing glue. The family is projected as the party’s emotional currency with the public and the Gandhi surname is invoked to hark back to the formative years of modern India. However, now in 2019, facing its toughest crisis, the Congress must address the question unflinchingly, and in depth, if it is to refresh itself as a political force. The decline of the Congress is symptomatic of the fading appeal of the old ways of conducting politics and of the disenchantment with opaque and unaccountable power-wielding by political dynasties. Also, as with the Left and Mandal parties, the Congress has collectively failed to upgrade its message, modes of outreach and organisational structures. But the Congress’s success in nimbly facing up to the rout is vital if India is to have a coherent political opposition that keeps the government of the day democratically accountable.

Of course, Congress leaders argue that the party would disintegrate if Mr. Gandhi were to quit. Mr. Gandhi, who had once likened power to poison, must take full responsibility for his party’s debacle. However, figuring out the form that this account-taking must assume is what makes it a difficult moment for him and the Congress. Whether Mr. Gandhi sticks to his resolve to quit or not, the party will have to go through a process of revitalisation that deals with the hollowing out of its intra-party democracy. Any organisational reform that does not decentralise decision-making and fix accountability at all levels is bound to fail. It must involve a frank assessment of the Congress’s risk of failing to cohere if Mr. Gandhi were to abruptly leave his post as party president. True, the Congress may well be able to sustain itself without a dynast. But unless the new leadership emerges through a truly democratic exercise, and is truly independent of the dynasty, any half-hearted restructuring will only lead to the enfeeblement of the party. A dynasty-free Congress will surely invigorate the Indian polity, but a Congress-free polity could well prove dangerous for Indian democracy.


  1. In light of

Meaning: drawing knowledge or information from; taking (something) into consideration.

Synonyms: As long as, All in all

Example Sentence: “the exorbitant prices are explainable in the light of the facts”

  1. dismal

Meaning: depressing; dreary / pitifully or disgracefully bad.

Tamil Meaning: மோசமான

Synonyms: bad · poor · dreadful · awful · terrible · pitiful · disgraceful

Antonyms:  Bright, Cheerful, Clear

Example Sentence: “he shuddered as he watched his team’s dismal performance”

  1. resign

Meaning: voluntarily leave a job or other position.

Tamil Meaning: ராஜினாமா

Synonyms: leave · go · hand in one’s notice · give in one’s notice

Antonyms: Assert, Begin, claim

Example Sentence: “he resigned from the government in protest at the policy”

  1. indication

Meaning: a sign or piece of information that indicates something.

Tamil Meaning: அறிகுறி / அடையாளம்

Synonyms: sign · indicator · symptom · mark · manifestation · signal ·

Antonyms: Misinformation

Example Sentence: “the visit was an indication of the improvement in relations between the countries”

  1. unmoved

Meaning: not changed in one’s purpose or intention / not changed in position

Synonyms: steadfast · firm · unshaken · staunch · unwavering

Antonyms: Affected, Caring, Moved, Touched

Example Sentence: “her opponents were unmoved and plan to return to court”

  1. Urged

Meaning: try earnestly or persistently to persuade (someone) to do something / recommend or advocate (something) strongly.

Synonyms: encourage · try to persuade · enjoin · adjure · admonish · press

Antonyms: Disgust, Distaste,Dislike,Hate

Example Sentence: “I urge caution in interpreting these results”

  1. persuaded

Meaning: cause (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.

Tamil Meaning: அறிவுறு

Synonyms: prevail on · talk someone into · coax · convince · make · get

Example Sentence: “it wasn’t easy, but I persuaded him to do the right thing”

  1. look away

Meaning: To turn one’s face away (from someone or something); to avert one’s gaze (from someone or something).

Example Sentence: She looked away when I asked her if she had taken the money.

  1. dilemma

Meaning: a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, especially equally undesirable ones.

Tamil Meaning: குழப்பத்தில் / சிக்கலான நிலை

Synonyms: quandary · predicament · difficulty · problem · puzzle · conundrum

Antonyms: Advantage, Boon, Solution

Example Sentence: “the people often face the dilemma of feeding themselves or their cattle”

  1. Shadowed

Meaning: envelop in shadow; cast a shadow over.

Synonyms: overshadow · cast a shadow over · envelop in shadow

Antonyms: Clear Up, Reveal, Open

Example Sentence: the market is shadowed by St. Margaret’s church”

  1. Devoid

Meaning: entirely lacking or free from.

Tamil Meaning: இல்லாமல்

Synonyms: lacking · without · free from/of · empty of · vacant of

Antonyms: Full, Complete, Filled

Example Sentence: “Lisa kept her voice devoid of emotion”

  1. coherent

Meaning: (of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent / united as or forming a whole.

Tamil Meaning: ஒத்திசைவான

Synonyms: logical · reasoned · reasonable · well reasoned

Antonyms: Confused, Obscure, Disorderly

Example Sentence: “they failed to develop a coherent economic strategy”

  1. Projected

Meaning: estimate or forecast (something) on the basis of present trends.

Tamil Meaning: திட்டமிட்டுள்ளது

Synonyms: forecast · predict · estimate · calculate · gauge · reckon

Antonyms: Destroyed, Disbelieve, Disorder, Disorganize

Example Sentence: “spending was projected at $72 million”

  1. Invoked

Meaning: cite or appeal to (someone or something) as an authority for an action or in support of an argument.

Tamil Meaning: செயல்படுத்தப்படுகின்றது

Synonyms: cite · refer to · adduce · instance · resort to · have recourse to

Antonyms: Answer, Give, Reply

Example Sentence: “the antiquated defense of insanity is rarely invoked today”

  1. Formative

Meaning: serving to form something, especially having a profound and lasting influence on a person’s development.

Tamil Meaning: உருவாக்கம்

Synonyms: developmental · developing · growing · moldable

Antonyms: Destructive, Non-Influential

Example Sentence: “his formative years”

  1. unflinchingly

Meaning: not showing fear or hesitation in the face of danger or difficulty.

Tamil Meaning: தயக்கமின்றி

Synonyms: resolute · determined · single-minded · dogged · decided · resolved · firm

Antonyms: Fearfully, Timidly

Example Sentence: “he has shown unflinching determination throughout the campaign”

  1. Decline

Meaning: (typically of something regarded as good) become smaller, fewer, or less; decrease.

Tamil Meaning: சரிவு

Synonyms: decrease · reduce · get smaller · grow smaller · lessen · get less

Antonyms: Increase, Rise, Success

Example Sentence: “the birth rate continued to decline”

  1. Disenchantment

Meaning: a feeling of disappointment about someone or something you previously respected or admired; disillusionment.

Tamil Meaning: உலகின் வெறுப்பு

Synonyms: disillusionment · disappointment · dissatisfaction · discontent

Antonyms: Achievement, Aid, Attainment, Blessing, Boon, Help

Example Sentence: “growing disenchantment with the leadership”

  1. Nimbly

Meaning: in a nimble way.

Synonyms: agilely · lithely · acrobatically · lightly · easily · spryly

Example Sentence: “the monkey leapt nimbly from rock to rock”

  1. Coherent

Meaning: (of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent / (of a person) able to speak clearly and logically.

Tamil Meaning: coherent

Synonyms: logical · reasoned · reasonable · well reasoned · rational · sound

Antonyms: Confused, Disorderly, Irrational, Obscure

Example Sentence: “they failed to develop a coherent economic strategy”

  1. disintegrate

Meaning: break up into small parts, typically as the result of impact or decay.

Tamil Meaning: சிதைக்கத்

Synonyms: break up · break apart · fall apart · fall to pieces · fall to bits

Antonyms: Build, Combine, Develop, Fix

Example Sentence: “when the missile struck, the car disintegrated in a sheet of searing flame”

  1. debacle

Meaning: a sudden and ignominious failure; a fiasco.

Tamil Meaning:

Synonyms: fiasco · failure · catastrophe · disaster · disintegration · mess

Antonyms: படுவீழ்ச்சி

Example Sentence: “the economic debacle that became known as the Great Depression”

  1. revitalisation

Meaning: the action of imbuing something with new life and vitality.

Tamil Meaning: புத்துயிர்

Synonyms: Reactivation, Rebirth

Example Sentence: “the city has seen revitalization of its economy”

  1. sustain

Meaning: strengthen or support physically or mentally / cause to continue or be prolonged for an extended period or without interruption.

Tamil Meaning: தாங்கி நில்

Synonyms: comfort · help · assist · encourage · succor · support

Antonyms: Harm, Hinder, Hurt, Obstruct

Example Sentence: “this thought had sustained him throughout the years”

  1. enfeeblement

Meaning: make weak or feeble.

Synonyms: weaken · make weak · make feeble · debilitate · incapacitate

Antonyms: ability, Strength, Vigor

Example Sentence: “trade unions are in an enfeebled state”

Check the other – THE HINDU EDITORIAL vocabulary words from previous days in THE HINDU EDITORIAL section which has bilingual meanings. 


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