Dear Banking Aspirants,

THE HINDU EDITORIAL – November 26, 2018, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like  IBPS Clerk 2018, Canara Bank PO – PGDBF 2018 and IBPS SO 2018. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.

A) Leave them alone: on the Sentinelese

Calls to take action against the Sentinelese for a tragic death are dangerously misguided


The death of a young American man at the hands of the inhabitants of North Sentinel Island in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands has led to dangerous lines of debate. Some have called for the Sentinelese to be convicted and punished and others have urged that they be integrated into modern society. Both these demands are misguided, and can only result in the extinction of a people. John Chau’s killing was a tragedy but his attempt to make contact with the Sentinelese, who he seemed to know something about, was foolhardy and dangerous, not only to himself but to them. There is a reason why no one — whether missionary, scholar, adventurer, U.S. citizen or Indian — is allowed to venture near North Sentinel Island without permission, which is given only in the rarest of circumstances and with meticulous precautions in place to ensure that the Sentinelese are not disturbed. Having lived in isolation in an island in the Bay of Bengal for thousands of years, the Sentinelese have no immunity or resistance to even the commonest of infections. Various degrees of protection are in place for the indigenous people of A&N Islands, but it is complete in the case of the Sentinelese. The administration enforces “an ‘eyes-on and hands-off’ policy to ensure that no poachers enter the island”. A protocol of circumnavigation of the island is in place, and the buffer maintained around the island is enforced under various laws. The Sentinelese are perhaps the most reclusive community in the world today. Their language is so far understood by no other group and they have traditionally guarded their island fiercely, attacking most intruders with spears and arrows. Arrows were fired even at a government aircraft that flew over the island after the 2004 Tsunami.

Chau knowingly broke the law, as did those who took him to the waters off North Sentinel Island. Seven persons, including five fishermen, have been arrested for facilitating this misadventure. To call for an investigation on the island, however, is to fail to see its historical and administrative uniqueness. At the heart of the issue is the survival of the Sentinelese. According to the 2011 Census, their population was just 15 — though anthropologists like T.N. Pandit, who made contact with them in the 1960s, put the figure at 80-90. This degree of ignorance about the Sentinelese often sparks an Orientalist public discourse, instead of understanding the dangers of trying to physically overpower them. Chau’s death is a cautionary incident — for the danger of adventurism, and for the administration to step up oversight. But it is also an occasion for the country to embrace its human heritage in all its diversity, and to empathetically try to see the world from the eyes of its most vulnerable inhabitants.

B) Ahead on malaria: on reduction in cases in India


Odisha shows the way in bringing down the incidence of new cases

India has suffered from a major burden of malaria for decades, with high levels of morbidity and death. But the declining trend of the scourge shows that sustained public health action can achieve good results. The World Malaria Report 2018 of the World Health Organisation notes that India’s record offers great promise in the quest to cut the number of new cases and deaths globally by at least 40% by 2020, and to end the epidemic by 2030. A lot of that optimism has to do with the progress made by Odisha, one of the most endemic States. Investments made there in recruiting accredited social health workers and large-scale distribution of insecticide-treated bednets, together with strategies to encourage health-seeking behaviour, seem to have paid off. The WHO report highlights a sharp drop in the number of cases in the State. The reduction in cases by half in 2017 compared to the same study period in 2016 appears to reinforce research findings: malaria cases in Odisha have been coming down steadily since 2003, with a marked reduction since 2008, attributed to greater political and administrative commitment. This positive trend should encourage authorities not just in Odisha, but in the northeastern States and elsewhere too to cut the transmission of the disease further. Importantly, the reduction in the number of cases should not produce complacency and lead to a reduction in deployment of health workers and funding cuts to programme components. Where allocations have been reduced, they should be reversed. It should be pointed out that even in 2017, the Union Health and Family Welfare Ministry put the number of malaria cases in Odisha at 3,52,140.

One issue that requires monitoring in India is resistance to combination therapy using artemisinin. Recent reports indicate that some patients in West Bengal became resistant to the treatment protocol used for the falciparum parasite, which causes debilitating cerebral malaria and leads to a high number of deaths. The phenomenon requires close monitoring — although the WHO said in a recent assessment that the treatment policy was changed to another efficacious set of combination drugs in some northeastern States, after statistically significant treatment failure rates were found in 2012. Eliminating malaria requires an integrated approach, and this should involve Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and West Bengal, which have a higher burden of the disease. Odisha’s experience with using public health education as a tool and reaching out to remote populations with advice needs to be replicated. Given that emerging resistance to treatment has been reported in Myanmar, among other countries in this belt, there is a need for a coordinated approach to rid southern Asia of malaria.


1) convicted

Meaning : declare (someone) to be guilty of a criminal offence by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law.(v)

Tamil Meaning : தண்டனை

Synonyms : confidence

Antonyms : distrust

Example : “her former boyfriend was convicted of assaulting her”

2) integrated

Meaning : (of an institution, body, etc.) desegregated, especially racially.(adj)

Tamil Meaning : ஒருங்கிணைந்த

Synonyms : unified

Example : “integrated education”

3) extinction

Meaning : the state or process of being or becoming extinct.(n)

Tamil Meaning : அழிவு

Synonyms : elimination

Antonyms : rescue

Example : “the extinction of the great auk”

4) foolhardy

Meaning : recklessly bold or rash.(adj)

Synonyms : audacious

Antonyms : careful

Example : “it would be foolhardy to go into the scheme without support”

5) venture

Meaning : undertake a risky or daring journey or course of action.(v)

Tamil Meaning : துணிகர

Synonyms : endeavor

Antonyms : idleness

Example : “she ventured out into the blizzard”

6) meticulous

Meaning : showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise(adj).

Tamil Meaning : உன்னிப்பாக

Synonyms : accurate

Antonyms : careless

Example : “the designs are hand-glazed with meticulous care”

7) assessment

Meaning : the action of assessing someone or something.

Tamil Meaning : மதிப்பீடு

Synonyms : appraisal

Antonyms : criticism

Example : “the assessment of educational needs”

8) circumnavigation

Meaning : the action or process of sailing or otherwise travelling all the way around something, especially the world.(n)

Tamil Meaning : சுற்றி

Synonyms : route

Antonyms : center

Example : “he completed the fastest solo circumnavigation in a small vessel”

9) enforced

Meaning : caused by necessity or force; compulsory.(adj)

Tamil Meaning : வலுக்கட்டாயமான

Synonyms : imposed

Antonyms : optional

Example : “a period of enforced idleness”

10) reclusive

Meaning : avoiding the company of other people; solitary.(adj)

Tamil Meaning : தனிமையை

Synonyms : cloistered

Antonyms : gregarious

Example : “he led a reclusive life”

11) fiercely

Meaning : in a savagely violent or aggressive manner(adv).

Tamil Meaning : கடுமையான

Synonyms : angrily

Antonyms : calmly

Example : “the army clashed fiercely with militants”

12) intruders

Meaning : a person who intrudes, especially into a building with criminal intent.(n)

Tamil Meaning : நுழைபவர்கள்

Synonyms : burglar

Example : “the intruder had pulled out drawers and dumped their contents on the floor”

13) facilitating

Meaning : make (an action or process) easy or easier.

Tamil Meaning : வழிவகுத்து

Synonyms : ease

Antonyms : block

Example : “schools were located in the same campus to facilitate the sharing of resources”

14) embrace

Meaning : hold (someone) closely in one’s arms, especially as a sign of affection.(v)

Tamil Meaning : தழுவி

Synonyms : grasp

Antonyms : free

Example : “Aunt Sophie embraced her warmly”

15) empathetic

Meaning : showing an ability to understand and share the feelings of another.

Synonyms : compassionate

Antonyms : indifferent

Example : “she’s compassionate and empathetic towards her daughter”

16) vulnerable

Meaning : exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

Tamil Meaning : பாதிக்கப்படக்கூடிய

Synonyms : accessible

Antonyms : guarded

Example : “we were in a vulnerable position”

17) ignorance

Meaning : lack of knowledge or information.

Tamil Meaning : அறியாமை

Synonyms : disregard

Antonyms : cognizance

Example : “he acted in ignorance of basic procedures”

18) diversity

Meaning : the state of being diverse.(n)

Tamil Meaning : பன்முகத்தன்மை

Synonyms : assortment

Antonyms : agreement

Example : “there was considerable diversity in the style of the reports”

19) anthropologists

Meaning : an expert in or student of anthropology.

Tamil Meaning : மானுடவியலாளர்களால்

Example : “some anthropologists think that members of hunting and gathering societies tend to have more leisure”

20) spears

Meaning : pierce or strike with a spear or other pointed object(v),a weapon with a pointed tip, typically of steel.(n)

Tamil Meaning : ஈட்டி

Synonyms : bayonet

Example : “she speared her last chip with her fork”

21) morbidity

Meaning : the condition of being diseased.(n)

Tamil Meaning : நோயுற்ற தன்மை

Synonyms : anguish

Antonyms : benefit

Example : “the therapy can substantially reduce respiratory morbidity in infants”

22) scourge

Meaning : a person or thing that causes great trouble or suffering.(n)

Tamil Meaning : கசை

Synonyms : curse

Antonyms : reward

Example : “the scourge of mass unemployment”

23) sustained

Meaning : continuing for an extended period or without interruption.(adj)

Tamil Meaning : நீடித்த

Synonyms : continued

Antonyms : ending

Example : “several years of sustained economic growth”

24) epidemic

Meaning : a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.(n)

Tamil Meaning : தொற்றுநோய்

Synonyms : contagious

Antonyms : limited

Example : “a flu epidemic”

25) optimism

Meaning : hopefulness and confidence about the future or the success of something.

Tamil Meaning : நம்பிக்கை

Synonyms : certainty

Antonyms : distrust

Example : “the talks had been amicable and there were grounds for optimism”

26) endemic

Meaning : (of a plant or animal) native or restricted to a certain place.(adj)

Tamil Meaning : முழுவதும் தோன்றும்

Synonyms : local

Example : “a marsupial endemic to north-eastern Australia”

27) accredited

Meaning : give credit to (someone) for something.

Tamil Meaning : அங்கீகாரம் பெற்ற

Synonyms : authorized

Antonyms : denied

Example : “he was accredited with being one of the world’s fastest sprinters”

28) strategies

Meaning : a plan of action designed to achieve a long-term or overall aim(n).

Tamil Meaning : மூலோபாயம்

Synonyms : action

Antonyms : honesty

Example : “time to develop a coherent economic strategy”

29) reinforce

Meaning : strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.(v)

Tamil Meaning : வலுப்படுத்தும்

Synonyms : bolster

Antonyms : diminish

Example : “the helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork”

30) attributed

Meaning : regard something as being caused by.

Tamil Meaning : பண்பு

Synonyms : aspect

Antonyms : discredit

Example : “he attributed the firm’s success to the efforts of the managing director”

31) complacency

Meaning : a feeling of smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one’s achievements.(n)

Tamil Meaning : மனநிறைவின்

Synonyms : satisfaction

Antonyms : agony

Example : “the figures are better, but there are no grounds for complacency”

32) deployment

Meaning : the movement of troops or equipment to a place or position for military action.(n)

Tamil Meaning : பயன்படுத்தல்

Synonyms : distribution

Antonyms : abate

Example : “the authorities announced deployment of extra security forces in towns and cities to prevent violence”

33) resistance

Meaning : the refusal to accept or comply with something.

Tamil Meaning : எதிர்ப்பு

Synonyms : defiance

Antonyms : aid

Example : “they displayed a narrow-minded resistance to change”

34) declining

Meaning : (typically of something regarded as good) become smaller, fewer, or less; decrease.(V)

Tamil Meaning : குறைந்து

Synonyms : deny

Antonyms : accept

Example : “the birth rate continued to decline”

35) Statistically

Meaning :according to or by means of statistics.

Tamil meaning : புள்ளியியல்

Synonyms : figure

Antonyms : part

Example : “all observation data were statistically analysed”

36) parasite

Meaning : an organism which lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the other’s expense.

Tamil Meaning : ஒட்டுண்ணி

Synonyms : barnacle

Antonyms : blessing

Example : “the parasite attaches itself to the mouths of fishes”

37) debilitating

Meaning : (of a disease or condition) making someone very weak and infirm.(adj)

Tamil Meaning : பலவீனமாக்கும்

Synonyms : attenuate

Antonyms : aid

Example : “debilitating back pain”

38) efficacious

Meaning : (of something inanimate or abstract) successful in producing a desired or intended result; effective.

Tamil Meaning : விளைவுண்டாக்குபவையாக

Synonyms : effective

Antonyms : impotent

Example : “this treatment was efficacious in some cases”

39) replicated

Meaning : make an exact copy of; reproduce.(v)

Tamil Meaning : எதிரொலிக்கும்

Synonyms : depict

Antonyms : ignore

Example : “it might be impractical to replicate Eastern culture in the west”

40) rid

Meaning : make someone or something free of (an unwanted person or thing).

Tamil Meaning : விடுபட

Synonyms : eliminate

Antonyms : condemn

Example : “boil the peel to rid it of bitterness”


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