THE HINDU EDITORIAL : NOVEMBER 24, 2018
THE HINDU EDITORIAL : NOVEMBER 24, 2018
Dear Banking Aspirants,
THE HINDU EDITORIAL – November 24, 2018, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like IBPS Clerk 2018, Canara Bank PO – PGDBF 2018 and IBPS SO 2018. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.
A) Corridor of hope: On the Kartarpur proposal
Movement on the Kartarpur proposal is timely and potentially game-changing
The announcement by India and Pakistan of plans to operationalise a visa-free corridor between Dera Baba Nanak in Indian Punjab and Kartarpur Sahib in Pakistan’s Punjab heeds a longstanding plea of Sikh pilgrims. That demand had gathered pace in 1995, when Pakistan renovated the Kartarpur gurdwara, situated on the site on the bank of the Ravi where the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, spent his last 18 years. Leaders from both sides, including Prime Ministers Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Benazir Bhutto, had pushed for it. In their effort to facilitate travel by Sikhs to important shrines on both sides of the border, they were also alert to the potential of such a move to heal ties amongst their people, and promote dialogue between the two governments. Given its easy logistics, the 4-km-long Kartarpur corridor is a low-hanging fruit as a meaningful confidence-building measure. The announcement now is particularly timely, with the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak falling in November 2019. The initiative can also become a template for cross-border exchanges based on faith, which could provide a balm for many communities such as Kashmiri Pandits, who have long asked for access to visit the Sharda Peeth in the Neelum Valley in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir; Sufis in Pakistan who wish to visit the dargah of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer, Rajasthan; and Sikhs in India and Pakistan wanting to visit important shrines on both sides of the border.
Much will depend on how quickly India and Pakistan act on their commitment, once President Ram Nath Kovind lays the foundation stone at the corridor’s India end on November 26, and Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan does so at the other end on November 28. Even more will depend on how the two governments manage their relationship in a way that avoids making pilgrims a pawn in bilateral tensions. Recently, there was an ugly and unnecessary controversy when Pakistan Army Chief Qamar Javed Bajwa revived the Kartarpur proposal in a conversation with Navjot Singh Sidhu, a Minister in the Congress government in Punjab, at Mr. Khan’s swearing-in ceremony in August. This had set back bilateral ties, threatening progress on the project proposal. Going forward, it is important that issues related to the corridor are managed in a non-political manner and details left to diplomats and officials to sort out — for instance, the issue of Indian consular access to pilgrims, which flared up on Friday. Given the bilateral freeze, the Kartarpur project will compel India and Pakistan to engage in a positive and purposeful manner, at a time when few other avenues for engagement exist. It is a reminder that dialogue and search for areas of concord are the only way forward for both countries.
B) Rolling back: On Poland judiciary crisis
Poland’s ultra-conservative regime finally reverses the forced retirement of judges
The Polish government’s decision to rescind the forced retirement of several Supreme Court judges is a welcome sign of its willingness to improve compliance with the rule of law. This could begin a process to resolve the stand-off between Poland’s Law and Justice party (PiS) government and the European Union. The decision to reverse the contested provision in the law, introduced in July, follows the European Court of Justice (ECJ) order last month to suspend the measure. The European Commission had earlier asked the Luxembourg-based institution to freeze the retirement move, pending a final ruling on whether Poland’s judicial overhaul was at odds with the bloc’s common policies. Brussels has in parallel launched a formal probe into Warsaw’s adherence to “fundamental European values”. Poland’s Supreme Court too had referred the contested provision to the ECJ to ascertain that there was no discrepancy between the national and European statutes. But the referral drew flak from PiS apparatchiks, who regard criticism of domestic policies by the EU as encroachment on Poland’s sovereignty. Since winning a commanding majority in 2015, the ultra-conservative government has undermined media freedoms and democratic institutions. The lower age of retirement, which in effect removed a third of the judges, was seen as part of a design to politicise the judiciary. This followed the subversion of the constitutional tribunal, which adjudicates the validity of laws. A 2018 statute that criminalises references to Nazi atrocities too drew condemnation as an assault on freedom of expression.
Poland’s principal pro-European opposition party, the Civic Platform, characterises the regressive laws as part of the government’s design to pull the country out of the EU. Its improved performance in the October regional elections may well have forced the government to reconsider some of its policies. The PiS will also be keen to project a moderate face ahead of the 2019 polls to the European and Polish parliaments. Developments in Warsaw will be watched closely in the other three Visegrád countries, notably Hungary, where the government’s stridently populist stance has brought it into open confrontation with Brussels. In fact, Poland and Hungary face a legal challenge at the Luxembourg court over non-compliance with the policy to share responsibility for the treatment of Syrian migrants. A refrain from these governments has been that the institutional reforms were meant to complete the post-socialist transition. But such an explanation does not wash with civil society, judging from the opposition to the authoritarian lurch. As the biggest beneficiary of EU funds in the current budget cycle, Poland has an interest in improving its standing with an eye on future allocations. As it commemorates a century since gaining independence, it is time the country looked ahead.
Meaning : pay attention to; take notice of.(v)
Tamil Meaning : கவனம்
Synonyms : notice
Antonyms : ignore
Example : “he should have heeded the warnings”
Meaning : a request made in an urgent and emotional manner.(n)
Tamil Meaning : மனு
Synonyms : entreaty
Antonyms : decision
Example : “he made a dramatic plea for disarmament”
Meaning : travel or wander like a pilgrim(v).
Tamil Meaning : யாத்ரீகர்கள்
Synonyms : monks
Example : “he pilgrimed to his old sporting places”
Meaning : restore (something old, especially a building) to a good state of repair(v).
Tamil Meaning : புதுப்பிக்கப்பட்டு
Synonyms : restored
Antonyms : deteriorated
Example : “the old school has been tastefully renovated as a private house”
Meaning : a place regarded as holy because of its associations with a divinity or a sacred person or relic, marked by a building or other construction(n).
Tamil Meaning : சந்நிதிகள்
Synonyms : sanctuaries
Example : “the medieval pilgrim route to the shrine of St James”
Meaning : cause (a wound, injury, or person) to become sound or healthy again(v).
Tamil Meaning : குணமடைய
Synonyms : recover
Antonyms : injure
Example : “his concern is to heal sick people”
Meaning : a person used by others for their own purposes.
Synonyms : mortgage
Antonyms : compensate
Example : “he was a pawn in the game of power politics”
Meaning : prolonged public disagreement or heated discussion(n).
Tamil Meaning : சர்ச்சை
Synonyms : dispute
Antonyms : harmony
Example : “the design of the building has caused controversy”
Meaning : restore to life or consciousness.
Tamil Meaning : புத்துயிர்
Synonyms : reanimated
Antonyms : drained
Example : “both men collapsed, but were revived”
Meaning : the use of offensive language(n).
Tamil Meaning : பதவியேற்பது
Synonyms : cursing
Antonyms : sanctification
Example : “there’s a lot of swearing in the show”
Meaning : an official representing a country abroad.
Tamil Meaning : தூதர்கள்
Synonyms : envoys
Antonyms : fighters
Example : “a British diplomat working in our consulate in Germany”
Meaning : relating to the consul or consulate in a foreign city(adj).
Tamil Meaning : துணைத்தூதரக
Synonyms : diplomat
Antonyms : apolitical
Example : “a consular official must interview applicants”
Meaning : burn or shine with a sudden intensity(v).
Tamil Meaning : தழுவிய
Synonyms : glowed
Antonyms : tapered
Example : “the bonfire crackled and flared up“
Meaning : a broad road in a town or city, typically having trees at regular intervals along its sides.(n)
Synonyms : paths
Antonyms : egresses
Example : “tree-lined avenues surround the hotel”
Meaning : agreement or harmony between people or groups.
Synonyms : harmony
Antonyms : conflict
Example : “a pact of peace and concord”
Meaning : revoke, cancel, or repeal (a law, order, or agreement).(v)
Tamil Meaning : இரத்து
Synonyms : cancel
Antonyms : allow
Example : “the government eventually rescinded the directive”
Meaning : settle or find a solution to (a problem or contentious matter).(v)
Tamil Meaning : தீர்க்க
Synonyms : decide
Antonyms : uncertainty
Example : “the firm aims to resolve problems within 30 days”
Meaning : engage in competition to attain (a position of power).
Tamil Meaning : போட்டியிட்ட
Synonyms : disputed
Antonyms : opted
Example : “she declared her intention to contest the presidency”
Meaning : an act of holding or being held at a fixed level or in a fixed state.(n)
Synonyms : fix
Antonyms : boil
Example : “workers faced a pay freeze”
Meaning : take apart (a piece of machinery or equipment) in order to examine it and repair it if necessary.
Synonyms : repair
Antonyms : break
Example : “the steering box was recently overhauled”
Meaning : a thorough investigation into a crime or other matter.
Tamil Meaning : ஆய்வு
Synonyms : examine
Antonyms : glimpse
Example : “a probe into city hall corruption”
Meaning : attachment or commitment to a person, cause, or belief(n).
Tamil Meaning : பின்பற்றுவது
Synonyms : attachment
Antonyms : detachment
Example : “a strict adherence to etiquette”
Meaning : find (something) out for certain; make sure of(v) .
Tamil Meaning : அறிந்துகொள்ள
Synonyms : determine
Antonyms : disregard
Example : “an attempt to ascertain the cause of the accident”
Meaning : an illogical or surprising lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts.(n)
Tamil Meaning : முரண்பாடு
Synonyms : disparity
Antonyms : harmony
Example : “there’s a discrepancy between your account and his”
Meaning : a written law passed by a legislative body.
Tamil Meaning : சட்டங்கள்
Synonyms : laws
Example : “the Act consolidated statutes dealing with non-fatal offences”
Meaning : recall and show respect for (someone or something).
Tamil Meaning : நினைவாக
Synonyms : memorializes
Antonyms : neglects
Example : “a wreath-laying ceremony to commemorate the war dead”
Meaning : intrusion on a person’s territory, rights, etc.(n)
Tamil Meaning : அத்துமீறல்
Synonyms : invasion
Antonyms : cover
Example : “minor encroachments on our individual liberties”
Meaning : supreme power or authority.
Tamil Meaning : இறையாண்மை
Synonyms : monarchy
Antonyms : servitude
Example : “the sovereignty of Parliament”
Meaning : the expression of disapproval of someone or something on the basis of perceived faults or mistakes(n).
Tamil Meaning : திறனாய்வு
Synonyms : censure
Antonyms : blessing
Example : “he received a lot of criticism”
Meaning : erode the base or foundation of (a rock formation).
Tamil Meaning : சிதைந்துள்ளது
Synonyms : sapped
Antonyms : supported
Example : “the flow of water had undermined pillars supporting the roof”
Meaning : the undermining of the power and authority of an established system or institution(n).
Tamil Meaning : கவிழ்ப்பு
Synonyms : sabotage
Antonyms : allegiance
Example : “the ruthless subversion of democracy”
Meaning : make a formal judgement on a disputed matter.
Tamil Meaning : தீர்ப்பளிப்பதை
Synonyms : arbitrates
Antonyms : defers
Example : “the Committee adjudicates on all betting disputes”
Meaning : an extremely wicked or cruel act, typically one involving physical violence or injury.
Synonyms : outrages
Antonyms : delights
Example : “a textbook which detailed war atrocities”
Meaning : the expression of very strong disapproval; censure.
Tamil Meaning : கண்டனம்
Synonyms : censure
Antonyms : gratitude
Example : “there was strong international condemnation of the attack”
Meaning : returning to a former or less developed state; characterized by regression.
Tamil Meaning : பின்னடை
Synonyms : backward
Antonyms : progressive
Example : “regressive aspects of recent local government reform”
Meaning : make an abrupt, unsteady, uncontrolled movement or series of movements; stagger.
Tamil Meaning : பாய்ந்துள்ளதைய
Synonyms : stumble
Antonyms : retreat
Example : “the car lurched forward”
Meaning : in an extremely forceful way.
Synonyms : harshly
Antonyms : covertly
Example : “I stridently opposed the policies of the government”
Meaning : the way in which someone stands, especially when deliberately adopted (as in cricket, golf, and other sports); a person’s posture.
Tamil Meaning : நிலைப்பாடு
Synonyms : posture
Antonyms : unsteadiness
Example : “she altered her stance, resting all her weight on one leg”
Meaning : a hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties(n).
Tamil Meaning : மோதலை
Synonyms : conflict
Antonyms : calm
Example : “a confrontation with the legislature”
Meaning : stop oneself from doing something(v).
Tamil Meaning : விலகி
Synonyms : desist
Antonyms : interact
Example : “she refrained from comment”
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Other Important Notification: Released In October 2018