Reasoning : Reverse Syllogism Questions

Direction.1-8) In each of these questions two Conclusions have been given followed by 5 sets of possible Statements. You have to take the given Conclusions to be true even if they seem to be at variance with the commonly known facts and then decide that the Conclusions logically follows for which of the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

1) Conclusions:

At least some bangles are watches.

None but bangles are rings is a possibility.

(a) Statements: Some watches are rings. some rings are bangles. All bangles are caps. No caps are watches.

(b) Statements: some rings are watches. some watches are bangles. some rings are bangles .All bangles are caps.

(c) Statements: All watches are rings. No rings are caps. All caps are bangles. Some rings are bangles.

(d) Statements: Some bangles are rings. Some rings are cap. some caps are watches. Some watches are rings.

(e) Other than those given option     

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2) Conclusions:

At least some scripts are stories.

 No movies are screenplay.

(a) Statements: Only movies are stories. Few movies are script. Some stories are screenplay. No screenplay is script.

(b) Statements: All movies are stories. No movies are scripts. All stories are screenplay. All scripts are screenplay.     

(c) Statements: All movies are stories. Some movies are scripts. No script is a screenplay. Some stories are screenplay.

(d) Statements: Some movies are stories. Some movies are scripts. No screenplays are movies. Some stories are screenplay.

(e) Statements: No screenplay is movies. Some movies are scripts. All movies are stories. No screenplays are scripts.  

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3) Conclusions:

 Some mobiles are not calculators.

 Almost 50 % mobiles are equipments.

(a) Statements: some mobiles are calculators. All mobiles are book. None of these calculators are equipments. Some equipment is books.

(b) Statements: No machines are equipments. Some calculators are equipments. No equipments are book. No mobiles are calculators.

(c) Statements: All equipments are mobiles. Rarely books are mobiles. No calculators are book. Some books are equipments.   

(d) Statements: All books are calculators. No calculators are machines. No equipments are mobiles. Some machines are mobiles.

(e) Both c and d follows.

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4) Conclusions:

At least some apples are mangoes.

Some bananas are not a mango is a possibility.

(a) Statements: Some cherries are mangoes. Some mangoes are apples. Some cherries are bananas.

(b) Statements: No apples are mangoes. Some mangoes are cherries. Some cherries are bananas.

(c) Statements: All mangoes are bananas. Some bananas are apples. No apples are cherries.

(d) None follows

(e) Only a and b

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5) Conclusions:

Some blacks are not violet.

All greens are being red is a possibility.

All yellows being greens is a possibility.

(a) Statement: All greens are violets.

All violets are red. Some reds are blacks. Some blacks are yellows.

(b) Statement: Some violets are red. Some red are yellows. All blacks are yellows.

All greens are red.

(c) Statement: Some greens are violet. Some violets are red. All yellows are greens. No yellow is black.

(d) Statement: Some greens are violets. Some violets are red. No violet is black. Some blacks are yellow.

(e) None of these

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6) Conclusions:

Some Tomatoes is Brinjals       

Some Tomatoes are not Potatoes

Some Tomatoes which are Carrot are also Beans is a possibility

(a) Statement: Some Carrot is Tomatoes.

All Brinjals is Carrot. No Potatoes is Carrot. Some Brinjals is Beans.

(b) Statement: Some Carrot is Beans. No Potatoes is Brinjals. All Brinjals is Tomatoes. Some Carrot is Tomatoes.

(c) Statement: No Carrot is Brinjal. Some tomatoes are Brinjals. Some Potatoes is Brinjals. Some Potatoes is Beans.

(d) Statement: Some Carrot is Tomatoes. Some Brinjals is Carrot. No Potatoes is Carrot. Some Brinjals is Beans.

(e) None of these.

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7) Conclusions:

No registers is copies

Some papers are files

All books are copies is a possibility

(a) Statements: All books are papers. some papers are copies. No copies are flowers.

All files are registers

(b) Statements: All registers is books.

All books are papers. some books are copies. No copies is files.

(c) Statements: No books are papers. some registers are papers. all registers are files. No copies are files.

(d) Statements: All papers are files.

No files are registers. All books are registers. All registers are copies.

(e) None of these.

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8) Conclusions:

No donkey is horse

Some monkeys are not elephant

Some camels are not donkey

(a) Statements: Some donkeys are horse.

All monkeys are camel. No camel is elephant. No elephant is donkey

(b) Statements: All donkeys are monkey.

All monkeys are camel. No camel is horse. some elephant is horse

(c) Statements: All horses are camel. some elephant are horses. No camel are monkey. All monkey are donkey.

(d) Statements: some horses are camel.

All camels are elephant. No elephant is donkey. some donkey is monkey.

(e) None of these.

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Direction.9-10): In each of the following questions three/four statements are given and these statements are followed by four conclusions numbered (I) , (II) , (III) and (IV) . You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Disregarding commonly known facts.

9) Statements:No car is bus.

All train are car.Some trucks are buses

Conclusions:

I) All train being bus is a possibility

II) Some trucks are not buses

III) No train is bus

IV) Some trucks are car is a possibility

(a) Only conclusion I follow

(b) Only conclusion I and III follow

(c) Only conclusion I, III and IV follow

(d) Only II follows

(e) None of these

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10) Statements:

Some rooms are window.

All windows are door.

All rooms are building.

Conclusions:

I) some buildings may be part of windows

II) Some buildings are not window

III) All building are doors is a possibility

IV) All rooms which are buildings are also windows

(a) Only conclusion I follow

(b) Only conclusion III follows

(c) Only conclusion I, III and IV follow

(d) Only II follow

(e) None of these

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