The Hindu Editorial : February 28, 2019

Dear Banking Aspirants,

THE HINDU EDITORIAL – February 28, 2018, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like  NIACL AO Prelims Exam, IBPS SO Mains Exam. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.

A) Calming Arunachal

The polity must foster a civic consciousness to allow equality of opportunity for all residents

The Bharatiya Janata Party-led government in Itanagar has decided not to act on the recommendations of a Joint High Power Committee granting permanent resident certificates (PRCs) to non-Arunachal Pradesh Scheduled Tribes of Namsai and Changlang districts. This decision follows violence in Itanagar, which included arson attacks on the residence of the Deputy Chief Minister. The government took this step to de-escalate tensions despite the fact that both mainstream parties, the Congress and the BJP, were on the same page on the demand to grant the PRCs. The non-APSTs include the Deoris, Sonowal Kacharis, Morans, Mishings, Adivasis and ex-servicemen belonging to the Gorkha community. Successive governments and members of these communities have said PRCs are needed to avail of job and educational opportunities elsewhere in the country, and currently the 26 tribes and numerous sub-tribes who claim to be native to Arunachal Pradesh enjoy this privilege. Members of some of the non-APST communities have been long-time residents of the reconstituted State, and to term them as “outsiders” reflects a chauvinistic mindset that denies a just demand. Previous governments, including one led by the Congress in 2010, had also buckled under pressure on the issue. The indigenous tribes opposing the move say this is one step away from providing Scheduled Tribe status for the non-APSTs, which they vociferously oppose. While this fear is overblown, the award of PRCs could ensure land rights that are otherwise denied to the non-APSTs.

The fact that the opposition to the demand took such a violent turn could be linked to a retaliation to attempts by the members of the non-APSTs to enforce an “economic blockade” of the State from the neighbouring parts of Assam last month. But these incidents suggest that barely any northeastern State is today free of the pattern of ethnic discord marked by some communities being branded “outsiders” and sought to be denied resident privileges. These include the Chakma issue in Mizoram, the hill versus valley disturbances in Manipur, the longstanding “migration” issue in Assam, the attacks on Sikh residents in Meghalaya, and even the Chakma/Hajong citizenship issue in Arunachal Pradesh itself. The pattern through all these is eerily similar, with ethnic identities trumping civic consciousness in bringing about discord that has even escalated into violence in some cases. Arunachal Pradesh has otherwise remained a peaceful State, and it is incumbent on the government and the polity to foster a civic consciousness that allows equality of opportunity for all residents in the State. This is a difficult task as identity issues persist and fester when there is inadequate economic development – which is the real bane of the Northeast today.

B) Buhari’s return: on Nigeria elections

The Nigerian President’s re-election has raised hopes for economic reform

In handing President Muhammadu Buhari a huge overall margin in the polls, Nigeria has plumped for political continuity. In an election that had been postponed by a week, the anti-corruption crusader romped home with enough votes to avoid a run-off. In what had been set up as a close contest, Mr. Buhari, who heads the ruling All Progressives Congress, beat former vice-president Atiku Abubakar by about four million votes. The rumblings in the Opposition about vote-rigging by the ruling party may continue to be heard for a while, given the widespread delays and irregularities at polling booths, apart from incidents of violence and several fatalities. But some poll observers believe that the Opposition’s claims are not backed by sufficient proof to make them legally sustainable. The question now is whether Mr. Buhari can convert his convincing mandate for a second term into policies that can boost investment and growth, generate jobs and narrow inequalities. The challenge of unemployment, at over 20% according to official figures, is made more formidable by the rapid increase in the working-age population. The prospects for change hinge on whether Mr. Buhari can live down his reputation as an old-fashioned interventionist leader and open the economy to competition. A test case of that makeover would be the passage of oil sector reform legislation aimed at the privatisation of the state-owned petroleum firm. Mr. Buhari’s record in countering the Islamist Boko Haram in the north of the country and the conflict between herdsmen and farmers in the central region remain unfinished business. On the external front, of particular interest to investors would be the new Nigerian government’s stance on joining the African free-trade agreement. Equally crucial would be Abuja’s backing for Morocco’s membership of the Economic Community of West African States, the 15-nation trading bloc.

Exactly 20 years since the country returned to democratic rule in 1999, Nigerians have decisively left behind the uncertainties of repeated military coups that marred their immediate post-colonial history. Equally significant, recent elections suggest limited progress in the conduct of transparent elections compared to the previous decade. But the postponement of the poll by a week, just hours before voters were to cast their ballot, did not inspire confidence. In 2015, the delay was as much as six weeks. Moreover, the large number of poll-related deaths in the last few days points to a disturbing absence of official accountability. A peaceful election is one of the crucial indicators of a credible transfer of power through the ballot. Calm must return in Abuja and the ruling party and the Opposition have a duty to respect the rule of law. Among sub-Saharan Africa’s largest countries, Nigeria should strive to clean up its act.


1) escalate

Meaning : make or become more intense or serious(v).

Tamil Meaning : அதிகரிக்கும்

Synonyms : expand

Antonyms : decline

Example : “the disturbance escalated into a full-scale riot”

2) despite

Meaning : contemptuous treatment or behaviour; outrage(n).

Tamil Meaning : போதிலும்

Synonyms : against

Antonyms : exalt

Example : “the despite done by him to the holy relics”

3) claim

Meaning : state or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof(v).

Synonyms : allegation

Antonyms : reply

Example : “the Prime Minister claimed that he was concerned about Third World debt”

4) privilege

Meaning : a special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group(n).

Tamil Meaning : சலுகை

Synonyms : authorization

Antonyms : handicap

Example : “education is a right, not a privilege”

5) denies

Meaning : state that one refuses to admit the truth or existence of(v).

Tamil Meaning : மறுக்கிறார்

Synonyms : rebuff

Antonyms : accept

Example : “both firms deny any responsibility for the tragedy”

6) indigenous

Meaning : originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native(adj).

Synonyms : endemic

Antonyms : alien

Example : “the indigenous peoples of Siberia”

7) vociferously

Meaning : in a loud and forceful manner.

Synonyms : powerfully

Antonyms : inaudibly

Example : “the country vociferously opposed the war”

8) ensure

Meaning : make certain that (something) will occur or be the case(v).

Tamil Meaning : உறுதி

Synonyms : assure

Antonyms : endanger

Example : “the client must ensure that accurate records are kept”

9) retaliation

Meaning : the action of returning a military attack; counter-attack(n).

Synonyms : reprisal

Antonyms : pardon

Example : “the bombings are believed to be in retaliation for the trial of 15 suspects”

10) enforce

Meaning : compel observance of or compliance with (a law, rule, or obligation).

Tamil Meaning : செயல்படுத்த

Synonyms : implement

Antonyms : cease

Example : “the role of the police is to enforce the law”

11) barely

Meaning : only just; almost not(adv).

Tamil Meaning : அரிதாகவே

Synonyms : scarcely

Example : “she nodded, barely able to speak”

12) ethnic

Meaning : relating to a population subgroup (within a larger or dominant national or cultural group) with a common national or cultural tradition(adj).

Synonyms : traditional

Example : “ethnic and cultural rights and traditions”

13) discord

Meaning : disagreement between people.

Synonyms : disharmony

Antonyms : accord

Example : “a prosperous family who showed no signs of discord”

14) sought

Meaning : attempt or desire to obtain or achieve (something)(v).

Synonyms : desired

Example : “the new regime sought his extradition”

15) eerily

Meaning : in a strange and frightening manner(adv).

Synonyms : creepily

Antonyms : ordinarily

Example : “their footsteps echoed eerily”

16) incumbent

Meaning : necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility(adj).

Tamil Meaning : பதவியில்

Synonyms : binding

Antonyms : unnecessary

Example : “the government realized that it was incumbent on them to act”

17) persist

Meaning : continue in an opinion or course of action in spite of difficulty or opposition(v).

Tamil Meaning : தொடர்ந்து

Synonyms : endure

Antonyms : cease

Example : “the minority of drivers who persist in drinking”

18) fester

Meaning : (of a wound or sore) become septic; suppurate(v).

Synonyms : aggravate

Antonyms : delight

Example : “I developed a tropical sore that festered badly”

19) plumped

Meaning : shake or pat (a cushion or pillow) to adjust its stuffing and make it rounded and soft(v).

Synonyms : drop

Example : “she plumped up her pillows”

20) crusader

Meaning : a person who campaigns vigorously for political, social, or religious change; a campaigner(n).

Synonyms : agitator

Example : “crusaders for early detection and treatment of mental illnesses”

21) romped

Meaning : (especially of a child or animal) play roughly and energetically(v).

Synonyms : cavort

Example : “the noisy pack of children romped around the gardens”

22) Progressives

Meaning : an advocate of social reform(n).

Tamil Meaning : முன்னேற்ற

Synonyms : anarchist

Antonyms : conservative

Example : “people tend to present themselves either as progressives or traditionalists on this issue”

23) contest

Meaning : engage in competition to attain (a position of power)(v).

Synonyms : discussion

Antonyms : peace

Example : “she declared her intention to contest the presidency”

24) rigging

Meaning : the system of ropes or chains employed to support a ship’s masts ( standing rigging ) and to control or set the yards and sails ( running rigging )(n).

Synonyms : equipment

Example : “I’m listening to the wind in the rigging”

25) rumblings

Meaning : a continuous deep, resonant sound(n).

Synonyms : barrage

Antonyms : quiet

Example : “the rumbling of wheels in the distance”

26) sustainable

Meaning : able to be maintained at a certain rate or level(adj).

Synonyms : continual

Antonyms : untenable

Example : “sustainable economic growth”

27) formidable

Meaning : inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.

Synonyms : daunting

Antonyms : calm

Example : “a formidable opponent”

28) hinge

Meaning : attach or join with or as if with a hinge.

Synonyms : hook

Example : “the ironing board was set into the wall and hinged at the bottom “

29) conflict

Meaning : be incompatible or at variance; clash(v).

Tamil Meaning : மோதல்

Synonyms : clash

Antonyms : peace

Example : “parents’ and children’s interests sometimes conflict”

30) stance

Meaning : the way in which someone stands, especially when deliberately adopted (as in cricket, golf, and other sports); a person’s posture.(n)

Synonyms : posture

Example : “she altered her stance, resting all her weight on one leg”

31) decisively

Meaning : in a manner that settles an issue convincingly or produces a definite result(adv).

Synonyms : definitely

Antonyms : dubiously

Example : “I want the person who wins the election to win decisively”

32) marred

Meaning : impair the quality or appearance of; spoil(v).

Synonyms : bruise

Antonyms : assist

Example : “violence marred a number of New Year celebrations”

33) inspire

Meaning : fill (someone) with the urge or ability to do or feel something, especially to do something creative(v).

Synonyms : affect

Antonyms : calm

Example : “his philosophy inspired a later generation of environmentalists”

34) indicators

Meaning : a thing that indicates the state or level of something(n).

Synonyms : gauge

Example : “car ownership is frequently used as an indicator of affluence”

35) strive

Meaning : make great efforts to achieve or obtain something.

Synonyms : seek

Antonyms : neglect

Example : “national movements were striving for independence”


Buy the Quantitative Aptitude, Reasoning Ability & English Language Topic Wise Tests – Online Tests from the below-given links. 

Aspirants can get the test packages from our Official Bankersdaily Store (

 If you have any doubts regarding the 4 new Topic Wise Test Packages, kindly mail your queries to