Important English Question SET for SBI CLERK 2020 Prelims Exam
Dear Bankersdaily Aspirants,
SBI CLERK 2020 Prelims Exam is around the corner and aspirants will be searching for tests that will steer them to crack the exam in the easiest possible ways.
Also, the RBI Assistant Prelims Exam 2020 was at an easier level and the same is expected in the SBI CLERK Prelims Exam 2020.
This SBI CLERK Prelims Exam 2020 will be the base for the other exams like RRB PO, RRB CLERK, SBI PO, IBPS PO, and IBPS CLERK Exams in the year 2020.
Here in this post, we are providing a ENGLISH Set for the SBI Clerk Prelims Exam 2020 which will test your minds.
To attend the Questions in the reasoning section, kindly check the questions below and share your score in the comments section.
D.1-10) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Xi Jinping, China’s president, likes to talk of his “Chinese dream”. He says it involves “the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation”. To him this means that under the Communist Party, China will again be the world’s richest, most powerful country as it was before the “hundred years of humiliation”—the economic disasters and territorial grabs by foreigners during the century after the first opium war of 1839-42. By extension the party’s legitimacy will rest on this rejuvenation. But what if China was not the world’s richest country before 1839? What if it has lagged behind Europe not for 175 years but for 675? Would Mr Xi’s Chinese dream be so compelling? A new study by Stephen Broadberry of Oxford University, Hanhui Guan of Peking University and David Daokui Li of Tsinghua University in Beijing argues that China has indeed lagged behind Europe for centuries. It compares levels of GDP per person in China, England, Holland, Italy and Japan since around the year 1000. It finds the only period when China was richer than the others was during the 11th century. By that time China had invented gunpowder, the compass, movable type, paper money and the blast furnace. But according to Mr Broad berry and his co-authors, Italy had caught up with China before 1300, and Holland and England by1400. Around 1800 Japan over took China as the richest Asian country. Chinese GDP per person fell relentlessly during the Qing dynasty (1644-1912) . In 1620, it was roughly the same as it had been in 980. By 1840, it had fallen by almost a third. These findings challenge a hitherto common belief that China and Europe had similar living standards for centuries until the West’s industrial revolution began in the late 18th century: a point often referred to by historians as the “great divergence”. This view, promoted by Kenneth Pomeranz of the University of Chicago, lends more support to the party’s understanding. Researchers used not to be able to work out GDP from 1,000 years ago. Angus Maddison, an economic historian, was among the first to try. But the research by Mr Broad berry and his colleagues, which scales up local and private records to generate national accounts, offers greater detail. The first study of Britain’s historical GDP using this technique appeared in 2008. It was followed quickly by other ones focusing on Holland, Italy and now on China. Doubts remain about the quality of the Chinese data. A recent study by Kent Deng and Patrick O’Brien of the London School of Economics argues they are too fragmentary. It is hard enough comparing the living standards of different countries today, let alone doing so in the distant past with far less precise statistics. Mr Broad berry responds that China’s historical sources are no worse than those available for medieval England. He also notes that imperial China and early modern Europe both used silver as a unit of value, facilitating comparison. But there remains a vital difference of scale. Italy and the Holland were the richest parts of Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries. It might be better to compare them not with China as a whole but with its richest part, the Yangzi delta, around modern-day Shanghai. If you do that, England and Holland were still richer than the Yangzi area in 1800 but the point at which they overtook the delta turns out to be around 1700. This is not so different from Mr Pomeranz’s view that the great divergence happened in the 18th century. But it still means the process had begun before the industrial revolution, which in turn implies that European wealth and Chinese poverty cannot be explained by industrialisation: they must reflect institutional differences. Mr Xi would do better to consider a different source of legitimacy from history: poverty reduction. If Mr Broad berry and his co-authors are right, Chinese peasants saw almost 1,000 years of decline and misery after1000. But Mr Xi’s party has massively reduced rural poverty and hopes to eradicate it by 2020. That is an achievable dream.
Q.1) “A new study compares levels of GDP per person for different countries.” This measure is prepared by?
(i) Angus Maddison, an economic historian.
(ii) Patrick O’Brien of the London School of Economics.
(iii) Stephen Broadberry of Oxford University.
(iv) Hanhui Guan of Peking University.
(v) David Daokui Li of Tsinghua University.
a) First three and (v) .
b) Last three options.
c) Last four options.
d) All (i) , (ii) , (iii) and (iv) .
e) All of the above.
Q.2) Which of the following statement is true about “Chinese Dream” said by President?
a) China will again be the top most country in technology.
b) China will reduce economic disasters and terrorist problem.
c) China will increase the employment and economic level as high as possible.
d) China will again be the world’s richest and most powerful country.
e) All of the above.
Q.3) Which century China was richer than the others?
a) During 18th
b) During 17th
c) During 15th
d) During 11th
e) During 14th
Q.4) Which country surpassed China as the richest Asian country around 1800?
a) Only (v)
b) Only (iv)
c) Only (iii)
d) Only (i)
e) Only (ii)
Q.5) Which of the following is denoted as “an achievable dream”?
a) To increase GDP rate as high as possible.
b) To reduce unemployment.
c) To eradicate rural poverty.
d) To elevate China as high as possible.
e) To escalate Chinese Economy.
Q.6) Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage?
A) Chinese GDP rate was high at the year of 1839.
B) The European wealth and Chinese poverty must reflect institutional differences.
C) Chinese GDP per person fell relentlessly during 1644-1912.
a) Only C
b) Only A
c) Only B
d) Both A and B
e) All the above.
Q.7) During the 11th century, China had invented which of the following?
A) The compass.
B) Plastic money.
D) The War missile.
E) The blast furnace.
a) All the above.
b) None of the above.
c) All the above except ‘B & D’.
d) All A, B, C and E.
e) All the above except ‘C & E’.
Q.8) Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
a) European poverty and Chinese wealth cannot be explained by industrialisation.
b) Mr Pomeranz said that the great divergence happened in the 14th and 15th
c) Italy and the Holland were the richest parts of Europe in the 18th
d) Researchers were not able to work out GDP from 1,300 years ago.
e) Imperial China and early modern Europe both used silver as a unit of value.
Q.9) During which year the Chinese GDP had fallen for the third time?
a) In year 1840.
b) In year 1800.
c) In year 1620.
d) In year 1300.
e) In year 1400.
Q.10) Which of the following statements is false according to the passage?
a) The first opium war was happened during the year 1839-42.
b) A new study compares levels of GDP per person in China, England, Holland, Italy and Japan.
c) China and Europe had used similar living standards until the late 18th
d) The first study of Britain’s historical GDP using “great divergence” technique appeared in 2008.
e) “The Great Divergence” is a term given to a period in late 1830s.
D.11-15) Rearrange the following seven sentences A, B, C, D, E, F & G in the proper sequence to make a meaningful paragraph and then answer the question given below.
A) After her mother made lemonade one day, she took the lemon seeds and washed them.
B) Jennifer loved lemons and wanted to plant a lemon tree in the backyard of their little home.
C) Every day, after she got back from school, she would check if there were any leaves.
D) Then, she planted them deep in the soil.
E) In a couple of months, the plant became a small tree and soon, lemons appeared.
F) After many days, when she went to water it, she saw the first leaf.
G) She was overjoyed to learn that her lemon tree would grow.
Q.11) Which of the following would be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
Q.12) Which of the following would be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?
Q.13) Which of the following would be the SIXTH sentence after rearrangement?
Q.14) Which of the following would be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?
Q.15) Which of the following would be the LAST (SEVENTH) sentence after rearrangement?
D.16-20) In each question below, a sentence with four words printed in bold is given. These are lettered as (a) , (b) , (c) and (d) . One of these four words printed in bold may either be misspelt or inappropriate in context of the sentence. Find out the word which is wrongly spelt or inappropriate if any. The letter of that word is your answer. If all the words printed in bold are correctly spelt and also appropriate in the context of the sentence, mark (e) i.e. ‘All correct’ as your answer.
Q.16) Emphasising (a) the need to enhance awareness (b) about the environment-friendly (c) concept, he said that while implementing eco-tourism related schema (d) the local people should not be ignored./ All correct. (e)
Q.17) The timing of Brian Lara’s retirement (a) from international cricket is a wisttul (b) reminder that not all great sportspersons (c) can exit (d) on a high. /All correct. (e)
Q.18) France, which finds itself in an extremely difficult (a) situation, with slow growth, high unemployment and an unprecedented (b) social malaise (c) , must decide what it wishes (d) to become in the next five years./ All correct. (e)
Q.19) Kingfisher Airlines is holding (a) talks with an Abu Dhabi-based engineering firm to start a private maintanance (b) , repair and overhaul (c) , (MRO) facility, the airline promoter (d) , Vijay Mallya said here on Friday./All correct. (e)
Q.20) Fresh bout (a) of dollar selling by exporters (b) in the absence of any intervention by the central bank helped the rupee to bounce (c) back after a four-day losing streek. (d) / All correct. (e)
D.21-25) Which of the words/ phrases (a) , (b) , (c) and (d) given below should replace the words/ phrases given in bold in the following sentences to make it meaningful and grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’, mark (e) as the answer.
Q.21) Vijay, have had finished runners-up in the last National grass court championship, conceded that his opponent was more fit of the two.
a) was finished the runner-up
b) who had finished runner-up
c) had finishing the runners-up
d) had had finished a runners-up
e) No correction is required.
Q.22) “We hope we could provides the professional skill that are not easy to access for the wider public — such as kids in remote areas,” he said.
a) could be provided the professional skill
b) we have produce the professional skills
c) we could provides professional skill
d) we can provide professional skills
e) No correction is required.
Q.23) The Chief Minister, however, did not give a deadline by which time the Chief Secretary should respond.
a) didn’t gave the deadlines of
b) doesn’t gave the deadline to
c) does not gives a deadlines of
d) hasn’t give a deadlines to
e) No correction is required.
Q.24) The project was meant by 1,000 mohalla clinics, but has since been curtailed for lack of land.
a) was meant to be for
b) is means to be that
c) was meant that of
d) has meant to be of
e) No correction is required.
Q.25) The elected member is taken to the mutawallis and the Bar Council, besides an MP and an MLA.
a) members are those chosen by
b) members were choosing by
c) members are taken by
d) member is those chooses by
e) No correction is required.
D.26-30) In the following passages there are words highlighted, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five options marked (a) , (b) , (c) , (d) and (e) -for no replacement needed- are suggested. Find out the appropriate option in each case to give appropriate meaning to the paragraph.
Adi Sankara’s Saundarya Lahari reveals the greatness of Devi as the non-dual Supreme Reality which is synonymous with the inseparable Siva and Sakti who are personified to represent the power source and the manifestation of power respectively. The acharya accepts that he has _____ (26) ____ a task that is well _____ (27) _____ impossible, namely, to describe the greatness of Devi which is truly immeasurable and beyond compare, pointed out Sri B. Sundarkumar in a discourse. Being a poet at heart, he declares that all the comparisons and analogies drawn from the entire created universe can never fully describe her greatness or her supremely beautiful form. But still he tries to capture her glory in his poetry for the benefit of the ____ (28) _____ devotees. For, meditating on her form can be a starting point for them to become sensitive to the cosmic grandeur and purpose _____ (29) ____ in her being. For instance, the opening and closing of her eye lids is symbolic of the creation and dissolution of the universe. Her compassionate looks have the power to grace the jivatmas _____ (30) ____ in samsara, and her kataksha, like the moon’s rays that fall impartially on all places, does not make any distinction between the virtuous and the vicious.
Aspirants can find the answers for the above questions here, from the sheets that are provided below.
Q.16) d) Replace ‘schema’ but ‘schemes’
Q.17) b) Replace ‘wisttul’ by ‘wistful’
Q.18) e) All correct.
Q.19) b) Replace ‘maintanance’ by ‘maintenance’.
Q.20) d) Replace ‘streek’ by ‘streak’
Q.26) d) Undertaken – commit oneself to and begin (an enterprise or responsibility) ; take on.
Q.27) e) Nigh – almost.
Q.28) b) Pious – devoutly religious; making or constituting a hypocritical display of virtue.
Q.29) a) Inherent – existing in something as a permanent, essential, or characteristic attribute.
Q.30) c) Struggling – make forceful or violent efforts to get free of restraint or constriction; have difficulty handling or coping with.
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