# Reasoning : Syllogism New Pattern Questions

Directions 1-5) In each group of questions below are two conclusions followed by five set of statements. You have to choose the correct set of statements that logically satisfies given conclusions. Given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts.

1) Conclusions:

All Lotus being Sunflower is a possibility

All Achillea being Sunflower is a possibility

Statements:

Statements – 1: All Achillea are Lotus. No Lotus is Sunflower. All Doria are Sunflower

Statements – 2: All Achillea are Lotus. No Lotus is Doria. All Doria are Sunflower

Statements – 3: Some Achillea are Lotus. No Lotus is Sunflower. All Doria are Sunflower

Statements – 4: No Achillea is Sunflower. No Lotus is Doria. All Doria are Sunflower

Statements – 5: Some Achillea are Lotus. No Lotus t is Doria. No Achillea is Sunflower

(a) Only Statements – 1

(b) Only Statements – 2

(c) Both Statements – 3 and 4

(d) Only Statements – 5

(e) Both Statements – 4 and 5

(b)Statement II only follows

2) Conclusions:

Some guavas are fruit is a possibility.

Some apricots are not mulberry

Statements:

Statements – 1: All fruits are olives. All olives are apricots. No olive is mulberry. No guava is apricots.

Statements – 2: Some fruits are olives. All olives are apricots. Some olive are mulberry. No guava is apricot.

Statements – 3: All fruits are olives. All olives are apricots. No olive is mulberry. All guavas are apricots

Statements – 4: All fruits are olives. All olives are apricots. No guava is a fruit. Some guavas are mulberry

Statements – 5: Some fruits are olives. All olives are apricots. No olive is mulberry. Some guavas are mulberry

(a) Only Statements – 1 and 2

(b) Only Statements – 2 and 3

(c) Only Statements – 3 and 5

(d) Only Statements – 4 and 5

(e) Only Statements – 5

(c) Only statements III and V follow

Statement III

Statement V

3) Conclusions:

All oxygen are nitrogen.

Some nitrogen are not hydrogen.

Statements:

Statements – 1: Some oxygen are carbon. Some carbon s are nitrogen. No hydrogen is carbon

Statements – 2: All nitrogen are carbon. Some carbon are oxygen. No hydrogen is carbon

Statements – 3: All oxygen are carbon. Some carbon are nitrogen. Some hydrogen are nitrogen

Statements – 4: All oxygen are carbon. All carbon are nitrogen. No hydrogen is carbon

Statements – 5: All oxygen are carbon. All carbon are nitrogen. Some hydrogen are nitrogen

(a) Only Statements – 1 and 2

(b) Only Statements – 3

(c) Only Statements – 4 and 5

(d) Only Statements – 4

(e) Only Statements – 5

Statement IV

4) Conclusions:

Some lollypops are being eclairs is a possibility

Some coffeebite are being lollypops is a possibility

Statements:

Statements – 1: All eclairs are candy; Some lollypops are candy. No coffeebite is lollypop

Statements – 2: All eclairs are candy; No lollypop is candy. All coffeebites are eclairs

Statements – 3: Some eclairs are candy; Some lollypops are candy. No coffeebite is lollypop

Statements – 4: Some eclairs are candy; Some lollypops are candy. No coffeebite is lollypop

Statements – 5: Some eclairs are candy; Some lollypops are candy. All coffeebites are eclairs

(a) Only Statements – 1

(b) Only Statements – 2 and 3

(c) Only Statements – 3

(d) Only Statements – 4 and 5

(e) Only Statements – 5

(e) Only Statements – 5

Hence conclusion only follows from statement V

5) Conclusions:

No maroon is a peach

All peach being coral is a possibility

Statements:

Statements – 1: All cyan are peach. No peach is a ivory. All maroon are peach. All ivory are coral.

Statements – 2: Some cyan are peach. No peach is an coral. All maroon are ivory. All ivory are coral.

Statements – 3: Some cyan are peach. No peach is a ivory. All maroon are peach. All ivory are coral.

Statements – 4: All cyan are peach. No peach is an coral. All maroon are ivory. All ivory are coral.

Statements – 5: All cyan are peach. No peach is a ivory. All maroon are ivory. All ivory are coral.

(a) Only Statements – 1 & 2

(b) Only Statements – 2 & 3

(c) Only Statements – 3

(d) Only Statements – 4 & 5

(e) Only Statements – 5

(e) Only Statements – 5

Hence conclusion only follows from statement V

Directions (6-10) Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.

Twelve persons are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In Row – 1, Ajesh, Aravinth, Akil, Ajay, Akash and Anand are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing South. In Row -2, Ameer, Akshay, Anvar, Abimanyu, Anbu and Alan are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing North. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement, each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. All of them have a car of different companies, viz Honda, Hero MotoCorp, Bajaj, Mahindra, TVS, Yamaha, Suzuki, Royal Enfield, KTM, Kawasaki, Harley Davidson and Ducati but not necessarily in the same order.

Akshay faces one who sits third to the right of Akash. Abimanyu neither owns Mahindra nor Bajaj. The person who owns Ducati car facing South Direction. Aravinth owns Kawasaki and faces the one who owns Yamaha car.Only three persons sit between Akash and Aravinth.

The person who owns Mahindra car facing North Direction. Anand does not own Ducati. The persons who own Yamaha and SUZUKI sit next to each other. The one who owns Royal Enfield sits second to the right of Ajesh. Anand is neither an immediate neighbour of Aravinth nor Akash.

One of the immediate neighbours of Anand faces Alan. The one who owns KTM car sits at one of the extreme ends of the line. Only three persons sit between Alan and the one who faces Akil. The one who owns Honda car sits at one of the extreme ends of the line.

There are two people sit between one who owns Ducati car and the one who owns KTM. Ameer sits second to the left of the one facing Ajesh. The person who owns TVS faces North Direction. Anvar is not an immediate neighbour of Akshay.

Aravinth does not face Anbu. There are three people sit between one who owns Honda car and the one who owns Mahindra. The person who owns Bajaj faces one of the immediate neighbours of Ducati. There are two people sit between one who owns Royal Enfield and Harley Davidson.

6) How many persons are seated between Abimanyu and Alan?

(a) One

(b) Two

(c) Three

(d) Four

(e) None of these

(b) Two

7) Who amongst the following sit at the extreme ends of the rows?

(a) Akash, Aravinth

(b) Ameer, Ajesh

(c) Akash, Anbu

(d) Akash, Abimanyu

(e) Ameer, Akash

(e) Ameer, Akash

8) Who amongst the following faces Ameer?

(a) Ajay

(b) Akash

(c) Anand

(d) Akil

(e) None of the Above

(d) Akil

9) Ajesh is related to Bajaj in the same way as Abimanyu is related to Royal Enfield based on the given arrangement. Then Anand is related to?

(a) Bajaj

(b) Suzuki

(c) Mahindra

(d) Hero MotoCorp

(e) None of the Above

(c) Mahindra

10) Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

(a) Ameer, Aravinth

(b) Anvar, Ajay

(c) Alan, Anand

(d) Abimanyu, Ajesh

(e) Ameer, Akil