THE HINDU EDITORIAL : JANUARY 12, 2019
THE HINDU EDITORIAL : JANUARY 12, 2019
Dear Banking Aspirants,
THE HINDU EDITORIAL – January 12, 2018, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like IBPS Clerk 2018 Mains Exam, Canara Bank PO – PGDBF 2018 and IBPS SO 2018. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.
A) Disquieting decision: on CBI tussle
The unseemly tussle in the CBI’s top echelons reaches an unsatisfactory end
The removal of Alok Verma as Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation is a disconcerting denouement to an unseemly episode. The controversy that began with a public tussle between Mr. Verma and Special Director Rakesh Asthana has ended with the former’s removal, although it is couched as a transfer. It was obvious from the beginning that the government did not want him to continue, although it sought to give the impression that it was being even-handed in asking both Mr. Verma and Mr. Asthana to proceed on leave. Mr. Verma’s transfer has exposed an uncomfortable truth — that the legal protection for the CBI Director from external interference is not as strong as some had believed. The Supreme Court’s judgment makes it clear that as long as such transfers follow a set procedure, the incumbent may be replaced. Though the court declared that no authority, other than the high-powered selection committee, could transfer him, its reinstatement of Mr. Verma was not unconditional. It asked the committee — comprising the Prime Minister, the Chief Justice of India, and the leader of the largest Opposition party — to decide on whether he should be divested of his powers. The government quickly convened a meeting, which was attended by Justice A.K. Sikri, as the nominee of Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi. Despite a dissenting note by Mallikarjun Kharge, the majority, that is, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Justice Sikri, ordered Mr. Verma’s transfer.
Questions have been raised about the committee refusing Mr. Verma a personal hearing. The panel apparently chose not to hear him on the ground that the Central Vigilance Commissioner, who held an inquiry on the Supreme Court’s earlier orders, had heard him in the presence of the retired judge, Justice A.K. Patnaik, a supervisor appointed by the court, and that the prima facie findings against Mr. Verma were enough to conclude that he should not remain in that office. As he was neither suspended nor transferred, but only given a post of equal rank, there was no need for a hearing. Even if this position is not strictly untenable from a legal standpoint, it has serious implications for the CBI’s independence. Future regimes may use this precedent to get such an adverse report against an inconvenient director and unseat him. Mr. Kharge’s demand for getting Mr. Verma’s response should have been considered. Mr. Verma has claimed that the CVC report was based only on the complainant’s charges against him, and did not represent the CVC’s ‘findings’. An important learning from the entire episode is that the bipartisan appointment process for the post with the presence of a high judicial functionary as envisaged by the 2003 amendments may not be enough to thwart political stratagems. Far from resolving the institutional crisis in the agency, the outcome may have deeply politicised it.
B) Wall of shame: on Mexico border wall
The shutdown over the Mexico wall demand will long define Donald Trump’s presidency
It began as a populist campaign promise that brought President Donald Trump’s supporters cheering to their feet and paved the way for his election. Now, the border wall with Mexico has become a morass of partisan bickering that has stalemated the U.S. federal government into a three-week-long shutdown, leaving nearly 800,000 public sector workers furloughed without pay. At the heart of this political crisis is the increasingly bitter polarisation of public opinion over immigration. On the one hand, Mr. Trump has steadily contributed to the strident and crude anti-migrant rhetoric, characterising prospective migrants from Latin America as drug-dealers, rapists and violent criminals and shutting down the U.S. border to travellers from certain Muslim-majority countries. On the other, his insistence that he will not sign any appropriations bill to break the funding logjam in Congress and end what could soon become the longest shutdown in U.S. history, unless that bill includes $5.7 billion in financing for a border wall, has gone down badly with Democrats, who control the House. Matters took a darker turn as Mr. Trump doubled down on his refusal to negotiate over funding for the wall and said he may declare a state of national emergency over this uncomfortable status quo.
There are disquieting questions about the veracity of some of Mr. Trump’s claims: migrant border crossings have been in decline for the best part of two decades; it is through legal ports of entry and not unauthorised crossing points that hard drugs such as heroin enter the U.S.; and even the State Department has admitted that no terror operatives have entered the U.S. through Mexico. Then there is the more blatantly flawed reasoning touted by the President that “Mexico will pay” for the wall. Now it appears that even Mr. Trump is backing down on his claim, arguing that Mexico would only “indirectly” fund it through trade deals. It is well-known that only corporations pay tariffs under these deals, not governments, and hence no such payment will come from Mexico. Even as the acerbic back-and-forth between Mr. Trump and Congressional Democrats continues, the deeper malaise is a profound disagreement among Americans on what their nation’s very soul stands for. Is the U.S. truly a melting pot, a country built on the prowess of entrepreneurship and technology, in large part driven by immigrants seeking the “American dream”? Or is it a declining world power that has squandered too much to other nations and peoples and is readying itself for an uncompromising battle to claw back what it reckons it has lost? If it is the latter, then we could expect Mr. Trump’s vision to succeed, but if not, a course correction is in order.
Meaning : causing one to feel unsettled.
Synonyms : agitate
Antonyms : assist
Example : “he had a disconcerting habit of offering jobs to people he met at dinner parties”
Meaning : the final part of a play, film, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are explained or resolved.
Tamil Meaning : பேரழிவு
Synonyms : culmination
Antonyms : beginning
Example : “the film’s denouement was unsatisfying and ambiguous”
Meaning : prolonged public disagreement or heated discussion(n).
Tamil Meaning : சர்ச்சை
Synonyms : difference
Antonyms : agreement
Example : “the design of the building has caused controversy”
Meaning : engage in a vigorous struggle or scuffle.
Tamil Meaning : மோதல்
Synonyms : scuffle
Antonyms : harmony
Example : “the demonstrators tussled with police”
Meaning : express (something) in language of a specified style(v).
Tamil Meaning :
Synonyms : utter
Antonyms : explicit
Example : “the assurances were couched in general terms”
Meaning : attempt to find (something).
Tamil Meaning : முயன்று
Synonyms : desired
Antonyms : unwanted
Example : “they came here to seek shelter from biting winter winds”
Meaning : begin a course of action(v).
Tamil Meaning : தொடர
Synonyms : continue
Antonyms : decrease
Example : “the consortium could proceed with the plan”
Meaning : not covered or hidden; visible(adj).
Tamil Meaning : வெளிப்படும்
Synonyms : defined
Antonyms : hidden
Example : “the venue featured beautiful hardwood floors and exposed brick walls”
Meaning : necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility(adj).
Tamil Meaning : பதவியில்
Synonyms : binding
Antonyms : unnecessary
Example : “the government realized that it was incumbent on them to act”
Meaning : the action of giving someone back a position they have lost(n).
Synonyms : recovery
Antonyms : departure
Example : “the student body gave its support to the two expelled students and demanded their reinstatement”
Meaning : deprive someone of (power, rights, or possessions).(v)
Tamil Meaning : அகற்றிக்கொண்டது
Synonyms : deprive
Antonyms : offer
Example : “men are unlikely to be divested of power without a struggle”
Meaning : come or bring together for a meeting or activity; assemble(v).
Tamil Meaning : கூட்டப்பட்ட
Synonyms : gather
Antonyms : disperse
Example : “he had convened a secret meeting of military personnel”
Meaning : contemptuous treatment or behaviour; outrage(n).
Tamil Meaning : இருந்தபோதிலும்
Synonyms : against
Antonyms : exalt
Example : “the despite done by him to the holy relics”
Meaning : indicate or show that one is not willing to do something(v).
Tamil Meaning : மறுத்து
Synonyms : decline
Antonyms : accept
Example : “I refused to answer”
Meaning : bring or come to an end(v).
Tamil Meaning : முடிவுக்கு
Synonyms : achieve
Antonyms : begin
Example : “they conclude their study with these words”
Meaning : (especially of a position or view) not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection(adj).
Synonyms : unsound
Antonyms : untenable
Example : “this argument is clearly untenable”
Meaning : the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.
Tamil Meaning : தாக்கங்கள்
Synonyms : conclusion
Antonyms : proof
Example : “the implication is that no one person at the bank is responsible”
Meaning : an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances(n).
Tamil Meaning : முன்னோடி
Synonyms : criterion
Antonyms : after
Example : “there are substantial precedents for using interactive media in training”
Meaning : state or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof(v).
Tamil Meaning : கூறினார்
Synonyms : assert
Antonyms : abandon
Example : “the Prime Minister claimed that he was concerned about Third World debt”
Meaning : contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event(v).
Synonyms : behold
Antonyms : real
Example : “the Rome Treaty envisaged free movement across frontiers”
Meaning : from one side to another side of; across(n).
Tamil Meaning : தடைசெய்வதற்கான
Synonyms : counter
Antonyms : abet
Example : “a pink-tinged cloud spread thwart the shore”
Meaning : a plan or scheme, especially one used to outwit an opponent or achieve an end(n).
Synonyms : ruse
Antonyms : frankness
Example : “a series of devious stratagems”
Meaning : argue about petty and trivial matters.
Synonyms : disagree
Antonyms : agree
Example : “couples who bicker over who gets what from the divorce”
Meaning : having reached a situation in which further action or progress by opposing or competing parties seems impossible(adj).
Synonyms : impasse
Antonyms : advance
Example : “the currently stalemated peace talks”
Meaning : grant leave of absence to.
Synonyms : freed
Antonyms : accept
Example : “furloughed workers”
Meaning : give (something, especially money) in order to help achieve or provide something(v).
Tamil Meaning : பங்களிப்பு
Synonyms : commit
Antonyms : hold
Example : “taxpayers had contributed £141.8 million towards the cost of local services”
Meaning : (of a sound) loud and harsh; grating.
Tamil Meaning : கடுமையானதாகவே
Synonyms : blatant
Antonyms : silent
Example : “his voice had become increasingly strident”
Meaning : expected or expecting to be the specified thing in the future(adj).
Synonyms : eventual
Antonyms : agreed
Example : “she showed a prospective buyer around the house”
Meaning : the fact or quality of insisting that something is the case or should be done.(n)
Tamil Meaning : வலியுறுத்தல்
Synonyms : emphasis
Example : “Alison’s insistence on doing the washing-up straight after the meal”
Meaning : conformity to facts; accuracy.
Synonyms : accuracy
Antonyms : deceit
Example : “officials expressed doubts concerning the veracity of the story”
Meaning : an act of refusing to do something(n).
Tamil Meaning : மறுப்பது
Synonyms : defiance
Antonyms : acceptance
Example : “he became tired of his friend’s refusal to see him”
Meaning : obtain or bring about by discussion.
Synonyms : arrange
Antonyms : confuse
Example : “he negotiated a new contract with the sellers”
Meaning : say something in a solemn and emphatic manner.(v)
Tamil Meaning : அறிவிக்க
Synonyms : affirm
Antonyms : conceal
Example : “the prime minister declared that the programme of austerity had paid off”
Meaning : inducing feelings of anxiety or worry.
Tamil Meaning :
Synonyms : distressing
Antonyms : calming
Example : “he found Jean’s gaze disquieting”
Meaning : tending to migrate or having migrated.
Synonyms : evacuee
Antonyms : native
Example : “migrant birds”
Meaning : in an open and unashamed manner(adv).
Tamil Meaning : அப்பட்டமாக
Synonyms : guilty
Antonyms : privately
Example : “yet another space show that blatantly disregarded scientific fact”
Meaning : skill or expertise in a particular activity or field.
Synonyms : dexterity
Antonyms : failure
Example : “his prowess as a fisherman”
Meaning : attempt to sell (something), typically by a direct or persistent approach.
Tamil Meaning : மனம் கவர்ந்தது
Synonyms : praise
Antonyms : blame
Example : “Sanjay was touting his wares”
Meaning : scratch or tear something with the claws or the fingernails(v).
Synonyms : tentacle
Example : “the kitten was clawing at Lowell’s trouser leg”
Meaning : establish by calculation.
Synonyms : calculate
Antonyms : abandon
Example : “his debts were reckoned at £300,000″