THE HINDU EDITORIAL : SEPTEMBER 10, 2018
THE HINDU EDITORIAL : SEPTEMBER 10, 2018
THE HINDU EDITORIAL – September 10, 2018 is one of the must read section for the competitive exams like IBPS RRB PO, IBPS RRB Office Assistant 2018, RBI Grade “B” 2018 & NIACL Assistant 2018. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension , Cloze Test or Error Detection topics in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.
A) Too close for comfort? On the India-U.S. 2+2 meeting
Dialogue with the U.S. should not define India’s strategic future or its other bilateral relationships
The India-U.S. 2+2 meeting on September 6 between the Defence and Foreign Ministers of the two countries appeared to be a singularly one-sided affair. Washington was calling the shots, and New Delhi was trying to wriggle out of U.S. pressure without much success. The inaugural round of the 2+2 Dialogue is therefore ‘advantage U.S.’ While carefully analysing the outcomes of the talks and the future direction of India-U.S. relations, it is difficult to get overjoyed by heart-warming American phrases like “India is a consequential emerging partner” or Washington naming and shaming Pakistan. Let’s look at the bigger, more nuanced and consequential picture.
Behind the carefully-constructed narrative of strategic rationales and geopolitical calculations underpinning India-U.S. relations, the American team came to New Delhi with an unambiguous sales pitch. Not that there wasn’t any strategic rationale to the high-level meeting, but the underlying American sales pitch was remarkable. Consider the U.S.’s insistence that India should bring down its oil imports from Iran to ‘zero’ in deference to the restrictions imposed by its unilateral withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal. The U.S. also recommends that India buy American oil to make up the deficit. As a matter of fact, U.S. oil exports to India have more than doubled in the past year, thanks to the U.S. sanction fears, thereby helping a booming domestic crude oil industry. Notably, at the 2+2 meeting, the Indian side did not manage to get a waiver for importing Iranian crude
Second, Washington seeks to impose the punitive provisions of a U.S. federal law called Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) on countries dealing with Russian defence and intelligence sectors, making it difficult for India to buy the much-needed S-400 missile system. For a country with close to 60% of its weapons systems originating from Russia, this would be a huge setback. Again, it’s clear the U.S. would like India to buy its weapons instead. There is still no clarity on whether India’s request for a “one-time waiver” was granted by the U.S. to buy Russian weapons at the 2+2 meeting; the joint statement is silent on this. If such a waiver was indeed not granted, it must be considered a major set-back.
In the run-up to the 2+2 meeting, the U.S. also put considerable pressure on India to reduce the bilateral trade deficit, which is in India’s favour, by buying more American goods.
Key security agreement
During the 2+2 meeting, the two countries also signed the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement, or COMCASA. The agreement is one of three considered to be “foundational” for a viable India-U.S. military relationship. In 2016, India and the U.S. had signed the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA), allowing their militaries to replenish from the other’s bases. The third, the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation (BECA), is yet to be negotiated. It is necessary to take stock of the national security implications of these agreements.
The argument in favour of signing COMCASA is that it “will facilitate access to advanced defence systems and enable India to optimally utilise its existing U.S.-origin platforms”. India’s U.S.-sourced P-8I and C-130J aircraft had to use low-tech communication equipment as the U.S. could not provide India with such technologies due to domestic legal restrictions, unless India signed COMCASA. Moreover, in the absence of COMCASA, and the attendant high-tech equipment, the interoperability between Indian and U.S. forces would be severely hampered.
While there is some merit in this argument, given that the India-specific COMCASA is not a public document, we do not know the scope of the agreement. Therefore, the government needs to clarify several concerns. For one, there is the issue of visits by U.S. inspectors to Indian bases to carry out inspections on the COMCASA-safeguarded equipment sold to India.
Since we do not know how intrusive this inspection would be, it is useful to look at the language from a similar agreement signed between the U.S. and South Korea in 2008: “DoD [U.S. Department of Defence]-provided COMSEC [Communications Security] equipment and materials, including keying materials, will be installed and maintained only by authorized US personnel… For purposes of performing required maintenance and periodic inspections, authorized and duly identified US personnel will be permitted timely access to DoD-provided COMSEC equipment and material. DoD will, in cases when time and circumstances permit, notify MND [Republic of Korea’s Ministry for Defence] in advance in those instances when access by authorized US personnel is considered necessary.” (Emphasis added.)
No doubt, South Korea is a U.S. military ally, which India is not. So one hopes that the provisions of inspections would be less intrusive. But there is no getting away from the fact that COMCASA will apply end-use monitoring and reconfiguration restrictions on India as well. In any case, by signing COMCASA and by agreeing to reduce the purchase of Russian weapon systems (in line with CAATSA), India has implicitly accepted the extraterritorial application of U.S. law on itself. While it is true that the original End-Use Monitoring Agreement (EUMA) was agreed to between India and the U.S., in 2009, New Delhi has now taken the application of U.S. federal law on India to a completely new level. EUMA had reportedly ensured that U.S. inspectors would stay away from Indian bases: is that ensured under COMCASA as well? Moreover, did India push for a U.S. presidential waiver for receiving COMSEC equipment and materials without having to sign COMCASA?
There is also a related concern whether the installation of U.S. communication systems would compromise the secrecy of Indian military communication systems. Most importantly, it might also be useful to debate the utility of such India-U.S. agreements since, at the end of the day, the two countries are not likely to be deployed alongside each other in a conflict situation. The argument here is not that India should not make use of American assistance in strengthening its national security, but there should be more clarity on what it entails
Even though the “Joint Statement on the Inaugural India-U.S. 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue” did not explicitly mention China, the section on the Indo-Pacific region implicitly referred to it. There is no denying the fact that the “China threat” is one of the major talking points between Washington and New Delhi today. While China is indeed a challenge, there is only so much India-U.S. cooperation can do to address that challenge for India. India is an Asian country, with several Southern Asian security challenges, and its ability to meet those challenges with the help of an offshore (and declining) superpower is at best limited, and counter-productive at worst.
The India-U.S. relationship shouldn’t be allowed to define India’s geopolitical character, strategic future or the limits of its other bilateral relationships. In a world that is far more chaotic than ever since Independence, India must keep its options open and be multi-aligned, even as the U.S. forms a key part in that scheme of things.
B) Cloudy forecast: on climate change
Developed countries, especially the U.S., need to commit funds to limit climate change
The conference of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bangkok last week, that was to draft a rulebook for the Paris Agreement ahead of a crucial international conference in Poland in December, ran into predictable difficulties over the issue of raising funds to help poorer nations. Some developed countries led by the U.S. — which, under the Trump administration, has rejected the agreement — are unwilling to commit to sound rules on raising climate finance. Under the pact concluded in Paris, rich countries pledged to raise $100 billion a year by 2020 to help developing countries reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and aid populations to cope with extreme events such as floods, droughts and storms. Obstructing the transition to a carbon-neutral pathway and preserving the status quo is short-sighted, simply because the losses caused by weather events are proving severely detrimental to all economies. By trying to stall climate justice to millions of poor people in vulnerable countries, the developed nations are refusing to accept their responsibility for historical emissions of GHGs. Those emissions raised living standards for their citizens but contributed heavily to the accumulated carbon dioxide burden, now measured at about 410 parts per million of CO2 in the atmosphere, up from 280 ppm before the industrial revolution.
There is international pressure on China and India to cut GHG emissions. Both countries have committed themselves to a cleaner growth path. India, which reported an annual CO2 equivalent emissions of 2.136 billion tonnes in 2010 to the UNFCCC two years ago, estimates that the GHG emissions intensity of its GDP has declined by 12% for the 2005-2010 period. As members committed to the Paris Agreement, China and India have the responsibility of climate leadership in the developing world, and have to green their growth. What developing countries need is a supportive framework in the form of a rulebook that binds the developed countries to their funding pledges, provides support for capacity building and transfer of green technologies on liberal terms. If scientific estimates are correct, the damage already done to the West Antarctic Ice Sheet is set to raise sea levels; a 2° Celsius rise will also destabilise the Greenland Ice Sheet. Failed agriculture in populous countries will drive more mass migrations of people, creating conflict. A deeper insight on all this will be available in October when the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change releases its scientific report on the impact of a 1.5° C rise in global average temperature. This is the time for the world’s leaders to demonstrate that they are ready to go beyond expediency and take the actions needed to avert long-term catastrophe.
Meaning : twist and turn with quick writhing movements.
Tamil Meaning : நெளிவு
Synonym : sneak , crawl
Example : “she kicked and wriggled but he held her firmly”
Meaning : turn away (one’s eyes or thoughts).
Tamil Meaning : தவிர்க்க
Synonym : deter
Antonyms : allow
Example : “she averted her eyes while we made stilted conversation”
Meaning : not open to more than one interpretation.
Tamil Meaning : குழப்பமற்ற
Synonym : explicit
Antonyms : indefinite
Example : “instructions should be unambiguous”
Meaning : having a period of great prosperity or rapid economic growth.
Tamil Meaning : பூரிப்பு
Synonym : growing
Antonyms : failing
Example : “the booming economy of the 1920s”
Meaning : an act or instance of waiving a right or claim.
Tamil Meaning : விலக்கு
Synonym : remission
Antonyms : approval
Example : “their acquiescence could amount to a waiver”
Meaning : a set of reasons or a logical basis for a course of action or belief.
Tamil Meaning : காரணம்
Synonym : hypothesis
Antonyms : proof
Example : “he explained the rationale behind the change”
Meaning : inflicting or intended as punishment.
Tamil Meaning : தண்டனை
Synonym : penal
Antonyms : beneficial
Example : “he called for punitive measures against the Eastern bloc”
Meaning : used to emphasize a statement or response confirming something already suggested.
Tamil Meaning : உண்மை
Synonym : easily
Antonyms : doubtfully
Example : “it was not expected to last long, and indeed it took less than three weeks”
Meaning : fill (something) up again.
Tamil Meaning : நிரப்பவும்
Synonym : refill
Antonyms : damage
Example : “he replenished Justin’s glass with mineral water”
Meaning : obtain or bring about by discussion.
Tamil Meaning : பேச்சுவார்த்தை
Synonym : agree
Antonyms : confuse
Example : “he negotiated a new contract with the sellers”
Meaning : the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.
Tamil Meaning : தாக்கங்கள்
Synonym : connotation
Antonyms : reality
Example : “the implication is that no one person at the bank is responsible”
Meaning : a basket with a carrying handle and a hinged lid, used for food, cutlery, and plates on a picnic.
Tamil Meaning : இடையூறு
Synonym : carton
Antonyms : Assist
Example : “a picnic hamper”
Meaning : the ability of computer systems or software to exchange and make use of information.
Tamil Meaning : இயங்குதன்மை
Synonym : Compatibility
Example : “interoperability between devices made by different manufacturers”
Meaning : causing disruption or annoyance through being unwelcome or uninvited.
Tamil Meaning : ஊடுருவும்
Synonym : invasive
Antonyms : bulgy
Example : “that was an intrusive question”
Meaning : an approximate calculation or judgement of the value, number, quantity, or extent of something.
Tamil Meaning : மதிப்பீடுகள்
Synonym : appraisal
Antonyms : ignorance
Example : “at a rough estimate, staff are recycling a quarter of paper used”
Meaning : in a way that is not directly expressed; tacitly.
Tamil Meaning : மறைமுகமாக
Synonym : constant
Antonyms : disloyal
Example : “she implicitly suggested that he was responsible for the error”
Meaning : denoting the freedom of embassy staff from the jurisdiction of the territory of residence.
Tamil Meaning : உள்ளாட்சிக்கு அப்பாற்பட்ட
Synonym : external
Antonyms : central
Example : “foreign embassies have extraterritorial rights
Meaning : the action of keeping something secret or the state of being kept secret.
Tamil Meaning : ரகசியமாக
Synonym : isolation
Antonyms : brightness
Example : “the bidding is conducted in secrecy“
Meaning : move (troops or equipment) into position for military action.
Tamil Meaning : வரிசைப்படுத்த
Synonym : open
Antonyms : conclude
Example : “forces were deployed at strategic locations”
Meaning : involve (something) as a necessary or inevitable part or consequence.
Tamil Meaning : இன்றியமையாதது
Synonym : encompass
Antonyms : exclude
Example : “a situation which entails considerable risks”
Meaning : a way in which something is usually done.
Tamil Meaning : மாநாடு
Synonym : meeting
Antonyms : discord
Example : “to attract the best patrons the movie houses had to ape the conventions and the standards of theatres”
Meaning : able to be predicted.
Tamil Meaning : யூகிக்கக்கூடிய
Synonym : certain
Antonyms : improbable
Example : “the market is volatile and never predictable”
Meaning : commit (a person or organization) by a solemn promise.
Tamil Meaning : உறுதிமொழி
Synonym : agreement
Antonyms : breach
Example : “the government pledged itself to deal with environmental problems”
Meaning : (of a person) deal effectively with something difficult.
Tamil Meaning : சமாளிக்க
Synonym : handle
Antonyms : keep
Example : “his ability to cope with stress”
Meaning : block (an opening, path, road, etc.); be or get in the way of.
Tamil Meaning : அடைப்பை
Synonym : inhibiting
Antonyms : facilitating
Example : “she was obstructing the entrance”
Meaning : tending to cause harm.
Tamil Meaning : சீரழிவான
Synonym : adverse
Antonyms : aiding
Example : “recent policies have been detrimental to the interests of many old people”
Meaning : gather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity of.
Tamil Meaning : குவிக்க
Synonym : accrue
Antonyms : contract
Example : “investigators have yet to accumulate enough evidence”
Meaning : tie or fasten (something) tightly together.
Tamil Meaning : கட்டமைப்புக்கான
Synonym : crunch , dilemma
Antonyms : solution
Example : “logs bound together with ropes”
Meaning : willing to respect or accept behaviour or opinions different from one’s own; open to new ideas.
Tamil Meaning : தாராளவாத
Synonym : flexible
Antonyms : intolerant
Example : “liberal views towards divorce”
Meaning : upset the stability of (a region or system); cause unrest or instability in.
Tamil Meaning : சீர்குலைக்கும்
Synonym : Undermine
Antonyms : stabilize
Example : “the accused were charged with conspiracy to destabilize the country”
Meaning : an event causing great and usually sudden damage or suffering; a disaster.
Tamil Meaning : பேரழிவை
Synonym : adversity
Antonyms : aid
Example : “an environmental catastrophe”
Meaning : the quality of being convenient and practical despite possibly being improper or immoral; convenience.
Tamil Meaning : சூழ்நிலை
Synonym : practicality
Antonyms : detriment
Example : “an act of political expediency”
Meaning : the process or a period of changing from one state or condition to another.
Tamil Meaning : மாற்றம்
Synonym : conversion
Antonyms : decrease
Example : “students in transition from one programme to another”
Meaning : the arrangement of parts or elements in a different form, figure, or combination.
Tamil Meaning : மறுகட்டமைப்பு
Synonym : affect
Example : “software reconfiguration”
Meaning : relating to the identification of long-term or overall aims and interests and the means of achieving them.
Tamil Meaning : மூலோபாய
Synonym : critical
Antonyms : trivial
Example : “strategic planning for the organization is the responsibility of top management”
Meaning : move (some of a company’s processes or services) overseas.
Tamil Meaning :
Synonym : seaward
Antonyms : onshore
Example : “he predicts that 750,000 UK jobs will be offshored in the next 10 years”
Meaning : state that one refuses to admit the truth or existence of.
Tamil Meaning : மறுக்க
Synonym : ban
Antonyms : accept
Example : “both firms deny any responsibility for the tragedy”
Meaning : be incompatible or at variance; clash.
Tamil Meaning : மோதல்
Synonym : battle
Antonyms : truce
Example : “parents’ and children’s interests sometimes conflict”
Meaning : in the best or most favourable way.
Tamil Meaning : உகந்ததாகும்
Synonym : ideally
Example : “to function optimally, the body requires a large range of nutrients”
Meaning : polite submission and respect.
Tamil Meaning : பணிவு
Synonym : yielding
Antonyms : dishonor
Example : “he addressed her with the deference due to age”
Aspirants can find the other important THE HINDU EDITORIAL topics from the link that is mentioned below, to score more in the English section, THE HINDU EDITORIAL is vital and considered as the best source to learn more. Learning THE HINDU EDITORIAL provides you with an added advantage for the aspirants as this assist in their bank exam preparations.
Check the other important THE HINDU EDITORIAL from the previous months that are available in our Bankersdaily website through the links that are mentioned below.