THE HINDU EDITORIAL : DECEMBER 5, 2018
THE HINDU EDITORIAL : DECEMBER 5, 2018
Dear Banking Aspirants,
THE HINDU EDITORIAL – December 5, 2018, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like IBPS Clerk 2018, Canara Bank PO – PGDBF 2018 and IBPS SO 2018. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.
A) Stunted, wasted: on Global Nutrition Report 2018
The national framework to improve nutrition for children must be upgraded on priority
The health, longevity and well-being of Indians has improved since Independence, and the high levels of economic growth over the past two-and-half-decades have made more funds available to spend on the social sector. Yet, the reality is that a third of the world’s stunted children under five — an estimated 46.6 million who have low height for age — live in India. A quarter of the children display wasting (that is, low weight for height) as well. As the Global Nutrition Report 2018 points out, this finding masks the wide variation in stunting levels in different parts of the country. District-level data show high and very high levels of stunting mainly in central and northern India (more than 30% and 40%, respectively), but less than 20% in almost the entire south. This shows the important role played by political commitment, administrative efficiency, literacy and women’s empowerment in ensuring children’s health. Food and freedom go together, and the availability of one strongly influences access to the other; social institutions can work to improve nutrition and children’s welfare in free societies, and the absence of hunger enables people to develop their capabilities. Governments should acknowledge the linkages and commit themselves to improved nutritional policies. The national framework to improve nutrition already exists. The Anganwadi Services scheme, which incorporates the Integrated Child Development Services, caters to children up to age six, and to pregnant and lactating women. If it has not worked well in several States, it must be subjected to a rigorous review and targeted interventions for supplementary nutrition made.
Among the factors affecting the quantity and quality of nutrition are maternal education, age at marriage, antenatal care, children’s diet and household size. Now that mapping of malnutrition at the district level is available, as in the Global Nutrition Report, it is incumbent on State governments to address these determining factors. A second issue is that of the quality of nutrition in packaged foods available to children. Going by the report, only 21% of these foods in India were rated as being healthy, based on overall energy, salt, sugar and saturated fat on the negative side, and vegetable, fruit, protein, fibre and calcium as positive factors. The fact that the global average of processed foods scored only 31% and a peak of 37% in New Zealand indicates that whole foods and cooked meals emerge superior. India should invest more of its economic prosperity in its welfare system, without binding itself in restrictive budgetary formulations. The Economic Survey 2017-18 put social services spending at 6.6% of GDP, an insignificant rise after a marginal decline from the 6% band during the previous year to 5.8%. The latest report on stunting and wasting should convince the Centre that it needs to understand the problem better and work with the States to give India’s children a healthy future.
B) A moving menace: on mob violence
Mob violence in the name of cow protection is shredding civic order
The violence in Uttar Pradesh’s Bulandshahr district is yet another notice of the toll being taken on civic order on account of the failure to crack down on vigilante mobs. Two persons, including a police inspector, lost their lives to bullets fired in Syana when villagers gathered outside a police post in protests over a rumour that cow carcasses had been found in the vicinity. In a curious coincidence, Monday’s violence touches back to the hate crime that marked the beginning of this long spell of vigilante violence over ‘cow protection’ across north India. Subodh Kumar Singh, the inspector killed in Bulandshahr, had been the first investigating officer when Mohammed Akhlaq was lynched near Dadri, also in western U.P., on September 28, 2015 on a rumour that he had beef in his possession. Then as now, an equivalence was sought to be made between the crime of mob violence and murder on the one hand, and the rumoured cow slaughter on the other. Alongside those charged with the violence, who include members of the Bajrang Dal, an FIR has been filed against seven Muslims for alleged cow slaughter. Investigations should reveal whether the mob at the police post formed organically, or whether there was a conspiracy to set up a communally polarising confrontation. In the din of pledges of speedy investigation by everyone from police to Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, there is no equivalent messaging that no rumour or act of cow slaughter justifies mob violence.
Ever since the BJP came to power nationally in 2014, its governments in the States have moved to tighten laws prohibiting cow slaughter. Attendant to the legislative prohibition, bands of gau rakshaks, or cow-protection vigilantes, have created an atmosphere of fear, purportedly acting on suspicion of cow slaughter to round up and lynch at will cattle traders and passersby alike. Probes into the killing, in most cases, move in parallel with investigations into the allegations of cow slaughter or the possession of beef. And in a pattern that has crystallised, the hurt sentiments of gau rakshaks are played up to reinforce an equivalence between actual murderous crime and rumoured cow slaughter (often, as in the case of Pehlu Khan in Rajasthan’s Alwar district in April 2017, just for transporting cattle). The police, picking up the political signalling or even out of fear of being outnumbered, tend to play down the gravity of the crime — as in the case of a lynching in Hapur this year, initially projected as an outcome of road rage. In a disturbing indication of the impunity gau rakshaks believe they enjoy, they have captured on camera incidents of violence, including Monday’s. Why wouldn’t they, when the state has been playing to their script.
Meaning : long life.
Tamil Meaning : வாழ்நாள்
Synonyms : durability
Antonyms : brevity
Example : “the greater longevity of women compared with men”
Meaning : conceal (something) from view(v).
Synonyms : visor
Antonyms : reality
Example : “the poplars masked a factory”
Meaning : prevent from growing or developing properly(v).
Tamil Meaning : வளர்ச்சி குன்றிய
Synonyms : dwarfed
Antonyms : large
Example : “some weeds produce chemicals that stunt the plant’s growth”
Meaning : provide people with food and drink at a social event or other gathering(v).
Tamil Meaning : வழங்குகிறது
Synonyms : coddle
Antonyms : disappoint
Example : “my mother helped to cater for the party”
Meaning : take in or contain (something) as part of a whole; include.
Synonyms : assimilate
Antonyms : disconnect
Example : “he has incorporated in his proposals a number of measures”
Meaning : a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof(n).
Tamil Meaning : குற்றச்சாட்டுக்கள்
Synonyms : claim
Antonyms : exculpation
Example : “he made allegations of corruption against the administration”
Meaning : extremely thorough and careful(adj).
Tamil Meaning : கடுமையான
Synonyms : accurate
Antonyms : careless
Example : “the rigorous testing of consumer products”
Meaning : the action or process of intervening(n).
Tamil Meaning : தலையீடு
Synonyms : mediation
Antonyms : affront
Example : “a high degree of state intervention in the economy”
Meaning : before birth; during or relating to pregnancy(adj).
Tamil Meaning : கர்ப்பகால
Example : “antenatal care”
Meaning : necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.
Tamil Meaning : பதவி
Synonyms : necessary
Antonyms : unnecessary
Example : “the government realized that it was incumbent on them to act”
Meaning : holding as much water or moisture as can be absorbed; thoroughly soaked(adj).
Tamil Meaning : நிறைவுற்ற
Synonyms : soaked
Antonyms : dried out
Example : “a mass of saturated air decreases in temperature as it rises in the atmosphere”
Meaning : provide or endow someone or something with (a particular quality or attribute)(v).
Tamil Meaning : முதலீடு
Synonyms : devote
Antonyms : take
Example : “the passage of time has invested the words with an unintended humour”
Meaning : the state of being prosperous(n).
Tamil Meaning : செழிப்பு
Synonyms : benefit
Antonyms : decrease
Example : “a long period of peace and prosperity”
Meaning : (of an agreement or promise) involving an obligation that cannot be broken(adj)
Tamil Meaning : பிணைப்பு
Synonyms : conclusive
Antonyms : optional
Example : “business agreements are intended to be legally binding”
Meaning : a particular expression of an idea, thought, or theory.
Synonyms : system
Antonyms : disproportion
Example : “compare this complex formulation with Bosch’s much more simplistic analysis”
Meaning : too small or unimportant to be worth consideration.
Tamil Meaning : முக்கியமற்ற
Synonyms : irrelevant
Antonyms : relevant
Example : “the sum required was insignificant compared with military spending”
Meaning : completing or enhancing something(adj).
Synonyms : ancillary
Antonyms : less
Example : “the programme offers supplementary information about the news”
Meaning : a gradual and continuous loss of strength, numbers, or value(n).
Tamil Meaning : சரிவு
Synonyms : recession
Antonyms : increase
Example : “a serious decline in bird numbers”
Meaning : causing something to occur or be done in a particular way; serving to decide something(adj).
Tamil Meaning : தீர்மானிப்பதில்
Synonyms : certain
Antonyms : indecisive
Example : “money may have been the determining factor in his decision”
Meaning : make certain that (something) will occur or be the case(v).
Tamil Meaning : உறுதி
Synonyms : establish
Antonyms : endanger
Example : “the client must ensure that accurate records are kept”
Meaning : the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behaviour of someone or something, or the effect itself.
Tamil Meaning : தாக்கங்கள்
Synonyms : control
Antonyms : cause
Example : “the influence of television violence”
Meaning : the dead body of an animal(n) .
Synonyms : corpse
Example : “she saw the mud-covered carcass of a sheep”
Meaning : the area near or surrounding a particular place(n).
Tamil Meaning : அருகிலுள்ள
Synonyms : environs
Antonyms : faraway
Example : “the number of people living in the immediate vicinity was small”
Meaning : (of a group of people) kill (someone) for an alleged offence without a legal trial, especially by hanging(v).
Synonyms : execute
Antonyms : bear
Example : “her father had been lynched by whites”
Meaning : the condition of being equal or equivalent in value, worth, function, etc(n).
Tamil Meaning : சமான
Synonyms : agreement
Antonyms : difference
Example : “knowledge of equivalence of units is required”
Meaning : attempt to find (something)(v).
Tamil Meaning : முயன்று
Synonyms : desired
Example : “they came here to seek shelter from biting winter winds”
Meaning : kill (animals) for food.
Tamil Meaning : படுகொலை
Synonyms : annihilation
Antonyms : birth
Example : “the animals have been slaughtered according to Islamic laws”
Meaning : make (previously unknown or secret information) known to others.
Tamil Meaning : வெளிப்படுத்த
Synonyms : acknowledge
Antonyms : contradict
Example : “Brenda was forced to reveal Robbie’s whereabouts”
Meaning : a hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties.
Tamil Meaning : மோதலை
Synonyms : dispute
Antonyms : agreement
Example : “a confrontation with the legislature”
Meaning : as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; allegedly.
Tamil Meaning : உள்நோக்குடன்
Synonyms : supposedly
Antonyms : absolutely
Meaning : a feeling or thought that something is possible, likely, or true.
Tamil Meaning : சந்தேகத்தின்
Synonyms : conjecture
Antonyms : belief
Example : “she had a sneaking suspicion that he was laughing at her”
Meaning : a thorough investigation into a crime or other matter.
Tamil Meaning : ஆய்வுகளை
Synonyms : examination
Example : “a probe into city hall corruption”
Meaning : strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.
Tamil Meaning : வலுப்படுத்தும்
Synonyms : bolster
Antonyms : diminish
Example : “the helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork”
Meaning : form or cause to form crystals(v).
Tamil Meaning : படிகமாக்கப்
Synonyms : harden
Example : “when most liquids freeze they crystallize”
Meaning : the state of having, owning, or controlling something(n).
Tamil Meaning : வசம்
Synonyms : custody
Antonyms : lack
Example : “she had taken possession of the sofa”
Meaning : make (someone) learn or remember an idea by constant repetition.(v)
Synonyms : clash
Antonyms : calm
Example : “a runner-up, he dinned into them, was a loser”
Meaning : said, without proof, to have taken place or to have a specified illegal or undesirable quality.
Tamil Meaning : கூறப்படும்
Synonyms : purported
Antonyms : certain
Example : “the alleged conspirators”
Meaning : restrict the vibrations of (a transverse wave, especially light) wholly or partially to one direction.
Tamil Meaning : தளவிளைவு
Example : “some of the light is polarized so that it vibrates in only one plane”
Meaning : exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.
Tamil Meaning : தண்டனைகளிலிருந்து
Synonyms : contrary
Antonyms : liability
Example : “the impunity enjoyed by military officers implicated in civilian killings”
Meaning : take into one’s possession or control by force(v).
Tamil Meaning : கைப்பற்றப்பட்ட
Synonyms : apprehend
Antonyms : fail
Example : “the island was captured by Australian forces in 1914”
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Other Important Notification: Released In October 2018