Dear Banking Aspirants,

THE HINDU EDITORIAL – December 5, 2018, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like  IBPS Clerk 2018, Canara Bank PO – PGDBF 2018 and IBPS SO 2018. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.

A) Stunted, wasted: on Global Nutrition Report 2018

The national framework to improve nutrition for children must be upgraded on priority

The health, longevity and well-being of Indians has improved since Independence, and the high levels of economic growth over the past two-and-half-decades have made more funds available to spend on the social sector. Yet, the reality is that a third of the world’s stunted children under five — an estimated 46.6 million who have low height for age — live in India. A quarter of the children display wasting (that is, low weight for height) as well. As the Global Nutrition Report 2018 points out, this finding masks the wide variation in stunting levels in different parts of the country. District-level data show high and very high levels of stunting mainly in central and northern India (more than 30% and 40%, respectively), but less than 20% in almost the entire south. This shows the important role played by political commitment, administrative efficiency, literacy and women’s empowerment in ensuring children’s health. Food and freedom go together, and the availability of one strongly influences access to the other; social institutions can work to improve nutrition and children’s welfare in free societies, and the absence of hunger enables people to develop their capabilities. Governments should acknowledge the linkages and commit themselves to improved nutritional policies. The national framework to improve nutrition already exists. The Anganwadi Services scheme, which incorporates the Integrated Child Development Services, caters to children up to age six, and to pregnant and lactating women. If it has not worked well in several States, it must be subjected to a rigorous review and targeted interventions for supplementary nutrition made.

Among the factors affecting the quantity and quality of nutrition are maternal education, age at marriage, antenatal care, children’s diet and household size. Now that mapping of malnutrition at the district level is available, as in the Global Nutrition Report, it is incumbent on State governments to address these determining factors. A second issue is that of the quality of nutrition in packaged foods available to children. Going by the report, only 21% of these foods in India were rated as being healthy, based on overall energy, salt, sugar and saturated fat on the negative side, and vegetable, fruit, protein, fibre and calcium as positive factors. The fact that the global average of processed foods scored only 31% and a peak of 37% in New Zealand indicates that whole foods and cooked meals emerge superior. India should invest more of its economic prosperity in its welfare system, without binding itself in restrictive budgetary formulations. The Economic Survey 2017-18 put social services spending at 6.6% of GDP, an insignificant rise after a marginal decline from the 6% band during the previous year to 5.8%. The latest report on stunting and wasting should convince the Centre that it needs to understand the problem better and work with the States to give India’s children a healthy future.

B) A moving menace: on mob violence

Mob violence in the name of cow protection is shredding civic order

The violence in Uttar Pradesh’s Bulandshahr district is yet another notice of the toll being taken on civic order on account of the failure to crack down on vigilante mobs. Two persons, including a police inspector, lost their lives to bullets fired in Syana when villagers gathered outside a police post in protests over a rumour that cow carcasses had been found in the vicinity. In a curious coincidence, Monday’s violence touches back to the hate crime that marked the beginning of this long spell of vigilante violence over ‘cow protection’ across north India. Subodh Kumar Singh, the inspector killed in Bulandshahr, had been the first investigating officer when Mohammed Akhlaq was lynched near Dadri, also in western U.P., on September 28, 2015 on a rumour that he had beef in his possession. Then as now, an equivalence was sought to be made between the crime of mob violence and murder on the one hand, and the rumoured cow slaughter on the other. Alongside those charged with the violence, who include members of the Bajrang Dal, an FIR has been filed against seven Muslims for alleged cow slaughter. Investigations should reveal whether the mob at the police post formed organically, or whether there was a conspiracy to set up a communally polarising confrontation. In the din of pledges of speedy investigation by everyone from police to Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, there is no equivalent messaging that no rumour or act of cow slaughter justifies mob violence.

Ever since the BJP came to power nationally in 2014, its governments in the States have moved to tighten laws prohibiting cow slaughter. Attendant to the legislative prohibition, bands of gau rakshaks, or cow-protection vigilantes, have created an atmosphere of fear, purportedly acting on suspicion of cow slaughter to round up and lynch at will cattle traders and passersby alike. Probes into the killing, in most cases, move in parallel with investigations into the allegations of cow slaughter or the possession of beef. And in a pattern that has crystallised, the hurt sentiments of gau rakshaks are played up to reinforce an equivalence between actual murderous crime and rumoured cow slaughter (often, as in the case of Pehlu Khan in Rajasthan’s Alwar district in April 2017, just for transporting cattle). The police, picking up the political signalling or even out of fear of being outnumbered, tend to play down the gravity of the crime — as in the case of a lynching in Hapur this year, initially projected as an outcome of road rage. In a disturbing indication of the impunity gau rakshaks believe they enjoy, they have captured on camera incidents of violence, including Monday’s. Why wouldn’t they, when the state has been playing to their script.


1) longevity

Meaning : long life.

Tamil Meaning : வாழ்நாள்

Synonyms : durability

Antonyms : brevity

Example : “the greater longevity of women compared with men”

2) masks

Meaning : conceal (something) from view(v).

Synonyms : visor

Antonyms : reality

Example : “the poplars masked a factory”

3) stunted

Meaning : prevent from growing or developing properly(v).

Tamil Meaning : வளர்ச்சி குன்றிய

Synonyms : dwarfed

Antonyms : large

Example : “some weeds produce chemicals that stunt the plant’s growth”

4) caters

Meaning : provide people with food and drink at a social event or other gathering(v).

Tamil Meaning : வழங்குகிறது

Synonyms : coddle

Antonyms : disappoint

Example : “my mother helped to cater for the party”

5) incorporates

Meaning : take in or contain (something) as part of a whole; include.

Synonyms : assimilate

Antonyms : disconnect

Example : “he has incorporated in his proposals a number of measures”

6) allegations

Meaning : a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof(n).

Tamil Meaning : குற்றச்சாட்டுக்கள்

Synonyms : claim

Antonyms : exculpation

Example : “he made allegations of corruption against the administration”

7) rigorous

Meaning : extremely thorough and careful(adj).

Tamil Meaning : கடுமையான

Synonyms : accurate

Antonyms : careless

Example : “the rigorous testing of consumer products”

8) interventions

Meaning : the action or process of intervening(n).

Tamil Meaning : தலையீடு

Synonyms : mediation

Antonyms : affront

Example : “a high degree of state intervention in the economy”

9) antenatal

Meaning : before birth; during or relating to pregnancy(adj).

Tamil Meaning : கர்ப்பகால

Example : “antenatal care”

10) incumbent

Meaning : necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

Tamil Meaning : பதவி

Synonyms : necessary

Antonyms : unnecessary

Example : “the government realized that it was incumbent on them to act”

11) saturated

Meaning : holding as much water or moisture as can be absorbed; thoroughly soaked(adj).

Tamil Meaning : நிறைவுற்ற

Synonyms : soaked

Antonyms : dried out

Example : “a mass of saturated air decreases in temperature as it rises in the atmosphere”

12) invest

Meaning : provide or endow someone or something with (a particular quality or attribute)(v).

Tamil Meaning : முதலீடு

Synonyms : devote

Antonyms : take

Example : “the passage of time has invested the words with an unintended humour”

13) prosperity

Meaning : the state of being prosperous(n).

Tamil Meaning : செழிப்பு

Synonyms : benefit

Antonyms : decrease

Example : “a long period of peace and prosperity”

14) binding

Meaning : (of an agreement or promise) involving an obligation that cannot be broken(adj)

Tamil Meaning : பிணைப்பு

Synonyms : conclusive

Antonyms : optional

Example : “business agreements are intended to be legally binding”

15) formulations.

Meaning : a particular expression of an idea, thought, or theory.

Synonyms : system

Antonyms : disproportion

Example : “compare this complex formulation with Bosch’s much more simplistic analysis”

16) insignificant

Meaning : too small or unimportant to be worth consideration.

Tamil Meaning : முக்கியமற்ற

Synonyms : irrelevant

Antonyms : relevant

Example : “the sum required was insignificant compared with military spending”

17) supplementary

Meaning : completing or enhancing something(adj).

Synonyms : ancillary

Antonyms : less

Example : “the programme offers supplementary information about the news”

18) decline

Meaning : a gradual and continuous loss of strength, numbers, or value(n).

Tamil Meaning : சரிவு

Synonyms : recession

Antonyms : increase

Example : “a serious decline in bird numbers”

19) determining

Meaning : causing something to occur or be done in a particular way; serving to decide something(adj).

Tamil Meaning : தீர்மானிப்பதில்

Synonyms : certain

Antonyms : indecisive

Example : “money may have been the determining factor in his decision”

20) ensuring

Meaning : make certain that (something) will occur or be the case(v).

Tamil Meaning : உறுதி

Synonyms : establish

Antonyms : endanger

Example : “the client must ensure that accurate records are kept”

21) influences

Meaning : the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behaviour of someone or something, or the effect itself.

Tamil Meaning : தாக்கங்கள்

Synonyms : control

Antonyms : cause

Example : “the influence of television violence”

22) carcasses

Meaning : the dead body of an animal(n) .

Synonyms : corpse

Example : “she saw the mud-covered carcass of a sheep”

23) vicinity

Meaning : the area near or surrounding a particular place(n).

Tamil Meaning : அருகிலுள்ள

Synonyms : environs

Antonyms : faraway

Example : “the number of people living in the immediate vicinity was small”

24) lynched

Meaning : (of a group of people) kill (someone) for an alleged offence without a legal trial, especially by hanging(v).

Synonyms : execute

Antonyms : bear

Example : “her father had been lynched by whites”

25) equivalence

Meaning : the condition of being equal or equivalent in value, worth, function, etc(n).

Tamil Meaning : சமான

Synonyms : agreement

Antonyms : difference

Example : “knowledge of equivalence of units is required”

26) sought

Meaning : attempt to find (something)(v).

Tamil Meaning : முயன்று

Synonyms : desired

Example : “they came here to seek shelter from biting winter winds”

27) slaughter

Meaning : kill (animals) for food.

Tamil Meaning : படுகொலை

Synonyms : annihilation

Antonyms : birth

Example : “the animals have been slaughtered according to Islamic laws”

28) reveal

Meaning : make (previously unknown or secret information) known to others.

Tamil Meaning : வெளிப்படுத்த

Synonyms : acknowledge

Antonyms : contradict

Example : “Brenda was forced to reveal Robbie’s whereabouts”

29) confrontation

Meaning : a hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties.

Tamil Meaning : மோதலை

Synonyms : dispute

Antonyms : agreement

Example : “a confrontation with the legislature”

30) purportedly

Meaning : as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; allegedly.

Tamil Meaning : உள்நோக்குடன்

Synonyms : supposedly

Antonyms : absolutely

31) suspicion

Meaning : a feeling or thought that something is possible, likely, or true.

Tamil Meaning : சந்தேகத்தின்

Synonyms : conjecture

Antonyms : belief

Example : “she had a sneaking suspicion that he was laughing at her”

32) Probes

Meaning : a thorough investigation into a crime or other matter.

Tamil Meaning : ஆய்வுகளை

Synonyms : examination

Example : “a probe into city hall corruption”

33) reinforce

Meaning : strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.

Tamil Meaning : வலுப்படுத்தும்

Synonyms : bolster

Antonyms : diminish

Example : “the helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork”

34) crystallised

Meaning : form or cause to form crystals(v).

Tamil Meaning : படிகமாக்கப்

Synonyms : harden

Example : “when most liquids freeze they crystallize”

35) possession

Meaning : the state of having, owning, or controlling something(n).

Tamil Meaning : வசம்

Synonyms : custody

Antonyms : lack

Example : “she had taken possession of the sofa”

36) din

Meaning : make (someone) learn or remember an idea by constant repetition.(v)

Synonyms : clash

Antonyms : calm

Example : “a runner-up, he dinned into them, was a loser”

37) alleged

Meaning : said, without proof, to have taken place or to have a specified illegal or undesirable quality.

Tamil Meaning : கூறப்படும்

Synonyms : purported

Antonyms : certain

Example : “the alleged conspirators”

38) polarising

Meaning : restrict the vibrations of (a transverse wave, especially light) wholly or partially to one direction.

Tamil Meaning : தளவிளைவு

Example : “some of the light is polarized so that it vibrates in only one plane”

39) impunity

Meaning : exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.

Tamil Meaning : தண்டனைகளிலிருந்து

Synonyms : contrary

Antonyms : liability

Example : “the impunity enjoyed by military officers implicated in civilian killings”

40) captured

Meaning : take into one’s possession or control by force(v).

Tamil Meaning : கைப்பற்றப்பட்ட

Synonyms : apprehend

Antonyms : fail

Example : “the island was captured by Australian forces in 1914”

Aspirants can check the Whole planner of IBPS CLERK Prelims Exam 2018 from the below given link. 

IBPS CLERK prelims Exam 2018 – Planner 


Aspirants can find the other important THE HINDU EDITORIAL topics from the link that is mentioned below, to score more in the English section, THE HINDU EDITORIAL is vital and considered as the best source to learn more. Learning THE HINDU EDITORIAL provides you with an added advantage for the aspirants as this assist in their bank exam preparations.

Check the other important THE HINDU EDITORIAL from the previous months that are available in our Bankersdaily website through the links that are mentioned below.



Other Important Notification: Released In October 2018

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IBPS CLERK Prelims Exam 2018 - Online Test Series Package - Bankersdaily