Dear Aspirants,

THE HINDU EDITORIAL – May 16, 2019, is one of the must-read section for the competitive exams like  SBI PO 2019, SBI CLERK 2019, LIC AAO 2019, FCI Prelims 2019 & CWC 2019 and other banking Exams. These topics are widely expected to be asked in the reading comprehension, Cloze Test or Error Detection in the forthcoming exams. So gear up your Exam preparation and learn new words daily.

Chasing stability: on Australian elections

Climate change and energy policies are top of the agenda in Australia’s elections

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison may have, in a manner of speaking, already scored a political victory ahead of the May 18 election. Few had expected the socially conservative politician to last out the remainder of Parliament’s term when he took over as Prime Minister in August following a coup within the ruling Liberal party. In the past, the country has seen many heads of government toppled. That said, Saturday’s election may not prove an easy ride for the former marketing executive. The polls may not signal an end to the political instability that has dogged Australian politics of late. From combating climate change to shaping energy policy, Mr. Morrison’s Liberal party is a divided house between moderates and conservatives. These differences were manifest in the ousting of Malcolm Turnbull last year and continue to elude a resolution. The world’s driest inhabited continent is confronting its own vulnerability to the effects of global warming. Australia, among the world’s largest wheat exporters, has been forced to take recourse to bulk imports of the grain, consequent to severe droughts in its eastern states over two years. Mr. Morrison, a supporter of coal-generated power, may also find his hardline stance on immigration difficult to defend in the wake of the terrorist attacks in neighboring New Zealand.

The opposition Labor party seems to enjoy an edge over the governing center-right Liberal-National coalition, according to opinion polls. Its leader, Bill Shorten, has rallied the party during its time in the opposition in the last six years. Labor’s advantage stems from its promise of a living wage, tighter regulation and ambitious targets on carbon emissions. A 45% reduction in carbon emissions on 2005 levels by 2030 is part of its manifesto, aimed at appealing to Australia’s growing number of green voters. Conversely, the pro-business credentials of Mr. Morrison’s Liberal-National coalition are said to have been steadily eroded as the government has reneged on its promise of corporate tax cuts. The package of measures unveiled in the pre-election budget in April may only have a moderate impact. As with several industrialized democracies, voter disillusionment with the principal parties is yielding a fragmented polity, and smaller parties and independents could potentially tilt the balance of power in the Senate, which is crucial for the passage of legislation. With consistent economic growth and modest levels of unemployment, Australia has had a remarkable track record in recent decades. This scenario is in stark contrast to the incessant political swings that impede the legislative agenda. What is, without doubt, is that the turnout will be high at the polls, as voting is compulsory for registered voters.


  1. coup

Meaning: a sudden, violent, and illegal seizure of power from a government.

Tamil Meaning: ஆட்சிக்கவிழ்ப்பு

Synonyms: seizure of power, overthrow, takeover, ousting

Antonyms: election

Example Sentence: “he was overthrown in an army coup”.

  1. toppled

Meaning: overbalance or cause to overbalance and fall.

Tamil Meaning: கவிழ்த்தி

Synonyms: Fall, tumble, overturn, overbalance, tip

Antonyms: Hold, Rise, Increase

Example Sentence: “she toppled over when I touched her”

  1. dogged

Meaning: follow (someone) closely and persistently.

Tamil Meaning: பின்தொடர்ந்தன / விடாப் பிடியுடைய

Synonyms: Pursue, follow, stalk, track, trail, shadow, hound

Antonyms: hesitant, half-hearted

Example Sentence: “photographers seemed to dog her every step”

  1. combating

Meaning: take action to reduce or prevent (something bad or undesirable).

Tamil Meaning: போரிடுவதில் / எதிர்

Synonyms: Fight, battle against, do battle with, wage war against

Antonyms: give in to

Example Sentence: “an effort to combat drug trafficking”

  1. moderates

Meaning: a person who holds moderate views, especially in politics.

Tamil Meaning: மிதவாதிகள்

Example Sentence: “an unlikely alliance of radicals and moderates”

  1. conservatives

Meaning: a person who is averse to change and holds traditional values.

Tamil Meaning: பழமைவாதிகள்

Synonyms: right-winger, reactionary, rightist, diehard

Example Sentence: “he remains a conservative in constitutional matters”

  1. manifest

Meaning: clear or obvious to the eye or mind.

Tamil Meaning: வெளிப்படுத்து

Synonyms: Obvious, clear, plain, apparent, evident, patent, palpable

Antonyms: hidden, secret

Example Sentence: “his manifest lack of interest in the proceedings”

  1. elude

Meaning: escape from or avoid (a danger, enemy, or pursuer), typically in a skilful or cunning way.

Tamil Meaning: தப்பி செல் / பிடிகொடாமல் ஏய்

Synonyms: Evade, avoid, get away from, dodge

Antonyms: be caught by

Example Sentence: “he tried to elude the security men by sneaking through a back door”

  1. inhabited

Meaning: (of a person, animal, or group) live in or occupy (a place or environment).

Tamil Meaning: வசிப்பதாக / வசி

Synonyms: Live in, occupy; settle in, settle, people, populate

Example Sentence: “a bird that inhabits North America”

  1. confronting

Meaning: come face to face with (someone) with hostile or argumentative intent.

Tamil Meaning: எதிர்கொள்ளும் / எதிர்படு

Synonyms: Challenge, square up to, oppose, resist

Antonyms: avoid

Example Sentence: “300 policemen confronted an equal number of union supporters”

  1. vulnerability

Meaning: the quality or state of being exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

Tamil Meaning: பாதிப்பு

Synonyms: Susceptibility, accountability

Antonyms: Aid, Asset, Help

Example Sentence: “conservation authorities have realized the vulnerability of the local population”

  1. recourse

Meaning: the use of (someone or something) as a source of help in a difficult situation.

Tamil Meaning: உதவியை நாடல்

Synonyms: option, possibility, alternative, possible course of action

Antonyms: Blockage, Injury, Hindrance

Example Sentence: “a means of solving disputes without recourse to courts of law”

  1. coalition

Meaning: a temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

Tamil Meaning: கூட்டணி / தாற்காலிகக் கூடுதல்

Synonyms: Alliance, union, partnership, affiliation

Antonyms: Detachment, Disconnection, Disunion

Example Sentence: “a coalition between Liberals and Conservatives”

  1. eroded

Meaning: gradually destroy or be gradually destroyed.

Tamil Meaning: அரித்து

Synonyms: wear away/down, abrade, scrape away, grind down, crumble

Antonyms: Build, Neglect, Ignore

Example Sentence: “this humiliation has eroded what confidence Jean has”

  1. reneged

Meaning: go back on a promise, undertaking, or contract.

Tamil Meaning: மீறாமல்

Synonyms: default on, fail to honour, go back on, break

Antonyms: Keep, honour

Example Sentence: “the government had reneged on its election promises”

  1. disillusionment

Meaning: a feeling of disappointment resulting from the discovery that something is not as good as one believed it to be.

Tamil Meaning: ஏமாற்றத்தைக் கண்டுள்ள

Synonyms: Anticlimax, Comedown

Antonyms: Boon, Boost, Triumph, Advantage

Example Sentence: “the high abstention rate at the election reflected the voters’ growing disillusionment with politics”

  1. yielding

Meaning: giving a product or generating a financial return of a specified amount.

Tamil Meaning: விளைவி

Synonyms: Humble. Passive, Resigned

Antonyms: Hard, Obstinate, Resistant

Example Sentence: “a gentle, yielding person”

  1. stark contrast

Meaning: Exactly opposite of / very different from (something else)

Tamil Meaning: முற்றிலும் மாறுபட்டதாக

Example Sentence: His comments were in stark/marked/sharp contrast with/to his earlier statements.

  1. incessant

Meaning: (of something regarded as unpleasant) continuing without pause or interruption.

Tamil Meaning: இடையறாத / இடைவிடாத

Synonyms:    ceaseless, unceasing, constant, continual

Antonyms: intermittent, occasional

Example Sentence: “the incessant beat of the music”

  1. impede

Meaning: delay or prevent (someone or something) by obstructing them; hinder.

Tamil Meaning: தாமதப்படுத்துவதற்கு / தடைச் செய்

Synonyms: hinder, obstruct, hamper, handicap, hold back

Antonyms: facilitate

Example Sentence: “the sap causes swelling which can impede breathing”

Check the other – THE HINDU EDITORIAL vocabulary words from previous days in THE HINDU EDITORIAL section which has bilingual meanings. 


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