IBPS CLERK PRELIMS STUDY PLANNER 2018 – Reading Comprehension – Day 7

Dear Banking Aspirants,

IBPS CLERK Prelims Exam – 2018 – Study Planner. English is one of the sections which haunts the aspirants because many aspirants chances to go to the next level in the Banking Exams are hindered due to this section. According to recent statistics, only 30% of the aspirants score above 10 marks in the Preliminary Examination in English Section and many aspirants struggle to get the required cutoff marks.

Practice is the Key to Crack the English after learning it. So we are here to provide questions from all the sections in the English Language to make your practice worth.

After the SBI PO, SBI CLERK & IBPS PO Exams IBPS Clerk will be the most expected one to crack the banking job for many aspirants. Since IBPS has also changed the exam pattern similar to SBI, we are providing practice sets on the basis of IBPS CLERK 15 Days Study Planner.

Students are advised to practice the questions regularly and crack the IBPS Clerk 2018 which will be held shortly. Since this will be the dream job for most of the aspirant’s everyone should work hard and act smart to achieve their own destination.

We at Bankersdaily will be providing daily questions for the IBPS CLERK Prelims Exam 2018 through this IBPS CLERK Prelims 2018 – Study Planner to assist the aspirants in their preparation. All the Three sections Quants, Reasoning and English Langauge questions will be available regularly in Bankersdaily.

Quizzes will be released every day by the timing given below:

  • Quantitative Aptitude – 8:00 P.M
  • Reasoning Ability – 8:15 P.M 
  • English Language – 8:30 P.M

Bankersdaily Android App - Download

D.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Picture a football ground. Now, change the colour from green to white. Well, that’s what a glacier could resemble. Made up of fallen snow that has been lying around for long periods, this snow gets converted, compressed and thickened to form ice. However, what makes glaciers unique is their ability to move. Due to their sheer mass, glaciers flow like very slow rivers. Apart from occupying 10 per cent of the total land area, they also play a prominent role in the livelihood of living beings, agricultural systems and plants. The era of industrialisation, particularly in the past 50 years has led and impacted climate change. Air pollutants released into the earth’s atmosphere are responsible for climate change. Gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide which have been circulating for a long time in the atmosphere have increased as a result of human activities. The increase in carbon dioxide is primarily due to the excessive use of fossil fuel and changes in land-use. While, the use of methane and nitrous oxide are primarily due to agriculture. Short lived pollutants like ozone and black carbon, have also shown an increase in their levels adding to the warming. These gases absorb the heat radiated from the surface of the earth, and warms up the atmosphere. Heat-trapping gases, sometimes called “greenhouse gases”, is the cause of most of the climate warming and glacier retreat.

Apart from gases, tiny articles in the atmosphere like aerosols, can also lead to the warming of atmosphere. One such kind of aerosols is “black carbon”. Investigations have revealed that deposits of aerosol black carbon on glaciers have led to greater absorption of solar radiation causing glaciers to melt faster. A good example of this is the Himalayan region. The warming of the sea and sea levels rising has been hastened in the 20th century. Another proof is global warming. More intense rain, drought, and to some extent tropical cyclones have also been seen. As a result, glaciers and snow cover has gone down in both the northern and southern hemispheres. Since the 1970s, the Arctic sea ice has shrunk by 20 per cent. This year, the glacier melting season started earlier than usual. This was mainly due to the warmest air temperatures that the island was facing. On June 9, the temperature recorded at Nuuk, the capital city was 24° C. This is warm for the island. Glacier melting was severe in the south-western parts of Greenland and higher than the melting rate in the 1980s and 2010 period. Greenland’s glaciers flowing into the ocean are grounded deep below sea level than previously measured. This means that the warm ocean currents can sweep across the glacier faces and erode them.

This has led to the early run-off from the ice sheet and early formation of melt ponds. It is worrying because nearly the entire ice-covered surface of the world’s largest island melted for a period this year. The Sverdrup Glacier retreated by 1,000 meters between 2005 and 2010, also losing 80 meters in height. The ice melt down in 2012 stressed the fact that the Arctic was warming faster than before. As the ice vanishes the region’s albedo (reflectivity) changes. This means that snow being the most reflective substance known in nature, reflecting about 90 per cent of the sunlight that hits it. But as the ice softens, its structure changes, lowering its reflectivity and absorbing more heat and begins to melt. And more water and land are exposed, both of which are darker, and both of which will absorb more heat. This in turn melts more ice, creating a feedback loop that can accelerate quickly. The Greenland ice sheet, one of the biggest and fastest-melting chunks of ice on Earth could increase sea levels by about 20 feet. The Himalayan glacial snowfields store about 12,000 km3. The Gangotri glacier (presently about 30 km long and 0.5-2.5 km wide) in the Himalayas has been receding since 1780. It has receded at an average of about seven metres per year from 1842 to 1935.

The rate now is 23 metres per year. After 1971, its retreat has quickened. In the past 25 years more than 850 meters have disappeared. As a consequence of the climate change, the current trends of glacial melts suggest that the Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra and other rivers could likely become seasonal rivers in the near future and could affect the livelihood of several million people and economy in the region. Glaciers are a major source of fresh water in fact they contribute 75 per cent of the world’s fresh water, particularly to the people living in arid plains. In Washington State, U.S., alone, melting glaciers provide about 1.8 trillion litres of water each summer. In the early days, coal dust and ashes were sprinkled on glaciers to get water for drought-stricken countries. Scientists and engineers in Norway, central Europe, Canada, New Zealand, and South America have worked together to tap into glacial resources, using electricity that has been generated in part by damming glacial melt water.

Q.1) What are the effects of melting of glaciers?

I) Melting glaciers provide about 1.8 trillion litres of water each summer.

II) Melting glaciers are a reason for natural disaster.

III) The sea level has increased by 20 feet.

a) Both I and II

b) Both I and III

c) Only I

d) All the above.

e) Not mentioned in the passage.

Q.2) Which of the following statement is true according to the passage?

I) Height of 80 meter is lost by the Sverdrup Glacier during 2005 to 2010.

II) 75 % of fresh water in the world is contributed by glacier and glacier is major source of fresh water.

III) 80 % of sunlight hits the glacier because these glaciers are very reflective in nature.

a) Only I

b) Only II

c) Only III

d)Both I and II

e) All the given statements are false.

Q.3) What is the specialty of glacier according to the passage?

I) Glacier has more number of aerosols than snow and moves like tortoise.

II) Glacier has a number of gases and easily melts than snow rock.

III) Glacier has the ability to move from one place to another.

a) Only I

b) Only II

c) Only III

d) Both II and III

e) Not mentioned in the passage.

Q.4) How the glacier is formed as per the passage?

I) A flurry of snow is broken into several forms and it gets diluted, compressed and thickened to form ice.

II) The fallen snow which has been lying for long period is converted, compressed and thickened to form ice.

III) Large water bodies are compressed and thickened to form ice.

a) Only I

b) Either I or II

c) Both I and III

d) Only II

e) Either I or III

Q.5) As per passage which of the following is called greenhouse gas?

a) Hydro fluorocarbons, Fluorine (F2) and Ozone.

b) Nitrous oxide, methane and carbon dioxide.

c) Helium, Ozone (O3) and Chlorofluorocarbons.

d) Both I and III

e) None of these.

Q.6) Which of the following statement is false according to the passage?

a) Since 1970s, the Arctic sea ice has shrunk by 20 per cent.

b) The Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra are seasonal rivers that affect the livelihood of several million people and economy in the region.

c) The Nuuk, the capital city was recorded 24° C, on June 9.

d) Glaciers and snow cover has gone down in the northern and the southern hemispheres.

e) All the given statements are true.

Q.7) What are the main reasons for glacier melting?

I) The increase in the level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

II) Aerosols block carbon on glaciers that absorb greater solar radiation.

III) The Turbulence caused by the ocean currents.

a) Only I

b) Only II

c) Only III

d) Both I and II

e) Both II and III

Q.8) Which of the following is called ‘black carbon’?

a) Methane and nitrous oxide circulating for a long time in the atmosphere are called black carbon.

b) Carbon dioxide is main reason for global warming, which is called black carbon.

c) Some small articles lead to the warming of atmosphere such tiny articles like aerosols are called black carbon.

d) Both a and c

e) None of these.

Q.9) The synonym of the word ‘hastened’ is:

a) Ramble

b) Dawdle

c) Amble

d) Stroll

e) Scurry

Q.10) The antonym of the word ‘receded’ is:

a) Backward

b) Withdraw

c) Forward

d) Insert

e) Deploy

Aspirants can check the Answers for the above Questions here

Q.1) c

Q.2) d

Q.3) c

Q.4) d

Q.5) b

Q.6) b

Q.7) a

Q.8) c

Q.9) e

Q.10) c

Aspirants can check the Day 6 – IBPS CLERK Prelims Exam 2018 from the below-given links 

IBPS CLERK Prelims 2018 Planner – Aptitude – Day 6 – Missing Number

IBPS CLERK Prelims 2018 Planner – Reasoning – Day 6 – SOT

IBPS CLERK Prelims 2018 Planner – English Language – Day 6 – Double Fillers

Aspirants can check the Whole planner of IBPS CLERK Prelims Exam 2018 from the below-given link. 

IBPS CLERK prelims Exam 2018 – Planner 

IBPS CLERK Prelims - Test Series Package - bankersdaily


IBPS CLERK Prelims Exam 2018 - Online Test Series Package - Bankersdaily