How to Solve Seating Arrangement Questions for IBPS PO?

Introduction:-

This article covers the topic of Seating Arrangement questions based on which are asked under the reasoning section in various bank examination. These types of questions are important for competitive exams like IBPS Clerk, SBI Clerk, SSC CGL, Placement Aptitude, IBPS PO, SBI PO, NICL AO, LIC AAO, SBI Associate Clerk, SBI Associate PO, CAT and others.

Types of Seating Arrangement:

  • Linear Arrangement
  • Circular Arrangement
  • Rectangular Arrangement

Basic approach to solve the Seating Arrangement Problems:

  • Firstly read all the information which is given in the statement.
  • Search for the statements that give definite information.

Classification of Statement:

Definite Statement – Which we can able to fix directly in the diagram

Comparative Statement – Which can’t be fixed directly but we can by merging two are three comparative statement

Negative Statement – Which can’t be fixed directly but we can reduce the possibilities with help of this statement

For example let us take three statements and evaluate them


Statement 1: P is second to the left of Q.

The data in the statement is definite as it clearly states that P is placed second to the left of Q. But everyone must face either centre or outwards likewise everyone must face either north or south.

Statement 2: P is to the right of Q.

The data in the statement is basic but not definite as the statement.  It only states that P is to the right of Q. but, it does not specify where Q is located from P.

Statement 3: P is not an immediate neighbour of Q.

Here, only we know that P definitely won’t comes next to Q but we doesn’t were P comes exactly.

  • Find the common information mentioned in the statement.
  • Draw the Linear or seating arrangement by clearly identifying the directions

Diagram for Persons sitting in a ROW all facing same direction:

Diagram for Persons sitting in two parallel ROW facing each other:

Circular Arrangement:

  • Facing Centre
  • Facing Outwards

 

If the Persons are sitting in a CIRCLE or RECTANGLE or SQUARE facing the centre:

  • Seated to the left  à  Take clockwise direction
  • Seated to the right à  Take Anti-clockwise direction

Persons sitting in two CIRCLE or RECTANGLE or SQUARE facing away from centre:

  • Seated to the left →  Take Anti-clockwise direction
  • Seated to the right → Take clockwise direction

Now hope you all got the basic approach how to solve a Seating Arrangement problems.

In the upcoming article will discuss more additional concepts with some example problems for your better understanding.


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